5 Web Frameworks Worth Learning for Developers

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As a web developer, you’re always on the lookout for ways to make coding easier. One way to do this is by using code libraries that eliminate repetitive code or give you more power.

You need to write a lot of code to develop a web app. The design, layout, server logic, and database all need to be coded. It takes a lot of work, but there are ways you can save time.

To code more effectively, you can turn to something known as a web framework. Here are five frameworks that will give your web apps more power.

What Is a Web Framework?

A web framework is a library of code that simplifies common tasks. Knowing when to use one can cut down on repetitive code when you’re writing an app. Writing repetitive code goes against some key programming principles 10 Basic Programming Principles Every Programmer Must Follow 10 Basic Programming Principles Every Programmer Must Follow Always write code that can be maintained by anyone who may end up working on your software. To that end, here are several programming principles to help you clean up your act. Read More and makes life difficult.

Using a framework is easy. Just choose a framework, install on your machine, and deploy it within your app. From there, write your app using all the code now available to you via the framework.

There are frameworks for front end and back end development, made with various programming languages.  Let’s take a look at some top picks, in no particular order.

1. Django (Python)

What Is Django?

Django is a framework in the incredibly popular Python language. This framework puts an emphasis on speed, security, and scalability.

Python developers get a boost on the back end with Django. If you’re comfortable with the language you’ll feel right at home. Python can do some pretty amazing things developing on the web Python on the Web: The Amazing Things You Can Build Python on the Web: The Amazing Things You Can Build Contrary to popular belief, Python isn't only useful for data processing and utility scripts. Next to JavaScript and Ruby, Python is one of the best languages to use for web development. Read More , so there’s no shortage of benefits.

Benefits

Django first and foremost has the advantage of being written in Python. Many programmers in data science, machine learning, and software engineering are choosing Python. You can find a lot of resources to learn the language, which is well documented. Here are the best websites to learn Python The 5 Best Websites to Learn Python Programming The 5 Best Websites to Learn Python Programming Want to learn Python programming? Here are the best ways to learn Python online, many of which are entirely free. Read More and explore more.

Django creates an entire back end with one click. It lets you work with any front end language you want, which gives you some flexibility when you write your app. Documentation for Django is extensive and up-to-date.

Security features are built in to help you combat hacking. For example, you can:

  • Keep passwords safe
  • Protect your app from clickjacking attacks
  • Defend against SQL injection attacks

2. Ruby on Rails (Ruby)

Ruby On Rails Web Framework Web Development

What Is Ruby on Rails?

Ruby is normally used to develop computer programs, but Ruby on Rails came along and made it a great option for web development. You will need a basic grasp of Ruby to be successful with Rails. It’s not trendy, so an interactive guide to learning Ruby The Best Interactive Introduction to Ruby for Newbies The Best Interactive Introduction to Ruby for Newbies If you're thinking of learning Ruby, here's a great baby step you can take. Read More may help.

Ruby on Rails is a pretty heavy framework, which means it launches some pretty large file sizes. It lays the entire foundation for both the back end and the front end using the Model-View-Controller (MVC) pattern.

Benefits

Ruby on Rails is reliable and secure. Web apps like Hulu, GitHub, Square, and SoundCloud were built using Ruby on Rails. It’s able to handle the scale of these apps, so you can feel comfortable using this for your app as well.

It’s open-source with a robust community of developers pitching in to improve its features. Over 5,000 developers contribute, many of whom push updates regularly.

Ruby on Rails is a heavy framework, so it’s not right for every application. Simple web apps are better served with a lighter framework with smaller files. But if you’re building a full-scale app Rails can give you nearly everything you need.

3. React (JavaScript)

React Framework JavaScript for Web Developers

What Is React?

React is a JavaScript framework that became popular thanks to Facebook. It gives you new ways to write re-usable code in your front end layouts. React uses its own language known as JSX, and is used to build pieces of code called components. 

A React component is a reusable piece of code that can contain HTML, CSS, or JavaScript. You can build anything from small modules to entire HTML layouts inside of components. React can render, or display, these components on the web browser.

Benefits

Using components can eliminate repeated code as you build your app. Use JSX to create a user interface (UI) or layout in a  component, then call the component whenever you need it.

React is relatively fast thanks to the way it was designed. Normally, HTML and JavaScript are processed through the browsers document object model (DOM) JavaScript and Web Development: Using the Document Object Model JavaScript and Web Development: Using the Document Object Model This article will introduce you to the document skeleton that JavaScript works with. Having a working knowledge of this abstract document object model, you can write JavaScript that works on any web page. Read More . React uses its own DOM to render elements, and then pushes them through to the browser DOM.

When you write code to make an update to the React DOM, it only updates the necessary information and does not try and update the entire DOM. This means a significant boost in speed.

React is easy to test using the React Testing Library or Jest.

4. ASP.NET Core

ASP.NET Core Framework for Web development

What Is ASP.NET Core?

Microsoft built ASP.NET to work as a complete Back End framework for their programming language C#. It can also run F# and Visual Basic but there are lots of reasons to use C# 7 Practical Reasons to Learn C# Programming 7 Practical Reasons to Learn C# Programming There are many programming languages, so which one should you choose one to learn? Here are several reasons to learn C#. Read More . Microsoft might make you think Windows, but ASP.NET Core works for macOS and Linux also.

ASP.NET Core is open-source and free to use. You can create web apps and mobile apps with ease. Developers who are used to programming using Microsoft’s stack will feel pretty comfortable.

Note: Microsoft currently supports both ASP.NET (their Windows framework) and ASP.NET Core (Windows/macOS/Linux). Their names are nearly identical, so download accordingly!

Benefits

ASP.NET Core is pushed by Microsoft because of its flexibility coding with any OS. You might be a developer that wants to use macOS for web development. Microsoft had to make a stack that was able to code outside of Windows, and they’ve done it with ASP.NET Core.

Visual Studio and Visual Studio Code work well with ASP.NET Core, so if you’re using those to write apps you have an advantage.

ASP.NET Core is updated several times a year by Microsoft to keep it secure. It has a strong ecosystem of packages, known as NuGet packages, to make coding quicker. It’s flexible on the front end, you can use frameworks like React or Angular with it.

5. Laravel (PHP)

PHP Laravel Web Framework

Why PHP?

Once a king of web development, PHP has fallen slightly out of favor in recent years and has an unfortunate reputation as an old language.

There’s still plenty of reason to use PHP. WordPress uses it, and if you maintain code for older apps you may run into PHP quite often. Developing new apps with PHP How to Build a Simple PHP Website How to Build a Simple PHP Website Want to build a website but don't know where to start? Creating a basic PHP website will put you on the road to web development. Read More is also not uncommon; Laravel is a modern library that makes it easier.

Benefits

Laravel takes PHP and combines it with modern concepts like MVC architecture and object-oriented programming. You won’t encounter limits on building a full-scale PHP app. Security features are also built in to help keep your apps safe.

Perhaps the best thing about using Laravel is its vast ecosystem of tools and packages. You can find PHP tools to manage servers, test your app, Oauth authentication, debugging and more. All these are built by a community of developers to make Laravel more useful.

Learning More Web Development

Web frameworks are all about making life easier as a web developer. You can use any of these frameworks to get ahead, or perhaps take a look at some coding apps that make programming a little easier.

You’ll get even more out of these tools by continuing to learn about web development. Learn more about HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to get ahead. You can also check out some great tools that will upgrade your web development skills Upgrade Your Web Development Skills With These 10 Essential Tools Upgrade Your Web Development Skills With These 10 Essential Tools Ready to start developing websites? These online tools for new and expert web developers are guaranteed to boost your skills! Read More .

Explore more about: ASP.NET, JavaScript, PHP, Python, Ruby.

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