Android Linux

3 Ways You Can Use Android as a Desktop Operating System

Christian Cawley 21-08-2017

Android is without a doubt the world’s favorite mobile operating system. But how does it fare on desktop and laptop computers?


You probably know that phones and tablets feature Google’s Android operating system. You might even know about the TV boxes powered by Android. Whenever you use these devices, Android feels smart and intuitive. No instruction manual is required.

Which is why it might come as a surprise to find Android can run on standard computers. But really, this should be no surprise. Touchscreen or otherwise, Android is user-friendly and familiar to so many people.

In mid-2017, developer Jide announced that arguably the most popular Android environment for desktops, Remix OS, was to end. Fortunately, other options are available for installing and running Android on a desktop PC. If you’re looking for the ultimate in Android-based productivity, it might be time to move away from your Samsung Galaxy Tab S3 The Best Android Tablet Yet? Samsung Galaxy Tab S3 Review and Giveaway Taking aim at the iPad Pro, the Samsung Galaxy Tab S3 is the same weight, height, and price, but comes with a free stylus. It's the best Android tablet yet. Read More or your Google Pixel C Google Pixel C Review Google has released the Pixel C tablet to paint the Android tablet experience in a whole new light -- but is the whole idea just academic in a world with affordable Windows 10 tablets and... Read More and consider installing one of these three Android distros on your computer.

But first… whatever happened to Remix OS?

1. (RIP) Remix OS

In July 2017, Chinese developer Jide announced (to much consternation) that Remix OS and the Remix hardware devices — various Mac Mini style computers and set-top boxes — would come to a halt, with immediate effect.


Following inquiries from various enterprise-level businesses, Jide has opted to move development from Remix OS and follow new opportunities.

remox os player desktop

This is a bit of a shame, as so many Android desktop projects in the past have failed. Jide’s Remix OS appeared to be a rare exception to the rule, but in the end, it was not. While keen observers may have seen the writing was on the wall for Remix OS when they stopped responding to support issues earlier in the year, overall the news has taken the community by surprise.

Although Remix OS can still be downloaded and installed How to Install Android on Your PC With Remix OS 3.0 Remix OS 3.0 lets users install Android on almost any hardware. Like Linux, Remix runs great on slow or older hardware, so if you have an old PC, bring it back to life with Remix... Read More , unless Jide releases the code, it has, sadly, had its day.


Happily, three Android-based desktop projects continue. But if it’s an Android gaming experience you’re looking for on your PC, grab a copy of Remix OS as soon as you can.

2. Android-x86 Project

Probably the most durable Android project for desktop computers, Android-x86 has been around since 2009. It’s a versatile system — I once used it to install Android on a Windows 8 tablet How to Install Android on Your Windows Tablet Want to install Android on your Windows tablet? Here's how using two methods: dual-booting or emulation. Read More . You might even install it on a laptop How to Install Android on Your Netbook or Laptop Now you can install Android on your netbook or laptop with this simple and easy guide. Read More .

Although Android-x86 was involved in the development of Remix OS, it is generally assumed that the project will continue. After all, without Android-x86, none of the projects listed here would have gotten off the ground. Android-x86 is based on the AOSP (Android Open Source Project), with modifications that make it compatible for running on Intel-based processors and PC architectures. Such modifications include support for hardware acceleration.

The first release candidate for Android 7.1 Nougat was released on June 8, 2017.


android-x86 desktop

You can grab your copy over at the website. It is available in 32-bit and 64-bit options, and comes in ISO format, ready to be written to DVD or a USB flash stick for installation. While you’re there, look out for downloads prefixed with CM — these are CyanogenMod-based desktops.

Although dual-boot with Windows is supported (thanks to a UEFI manager), it’s worth trying Android-x86 out in live mode or as a virtual machine (using your preferred VM software). Setup can be slow, and you’ll notice that Android-x86 appears to be intended for touchscreen devices rather than standard desktops. Unlike the other examples here, there is no Start menu equivalent. Having said that, this version of Android works as expected, although you may find the presence of Google disconcerting if you’re looking for a purer, AOSP feel.

3. Phoenix OS

Intended for desktops and laptops with Intel Atom CPUs, Phoenix OS will nevertheless run on almost any PC built in the past five years. Utilizing the code from Android-x86 and the grub4dos boot management tool, Phoenix OS is particularly well-suited for dual-booting. However, the operating system can be installed on a USB storage device as well.


As with any new operating system for your PC, it’s worth testing Phoenix OS in a VM before installing to the hard drive. Either way, you’ll be presented with a full Android-style desktop, designed for productivity. As with Android-x86, there’s even a Windows-esque Start menu, where the most commonly used apps are listed. It’s even possible to access your Windows storage from within Phoenix OS!

Two versions are available. One is a standard ISO, available in 32-bit and 64-bit flavors and ready to be installed. The other is an executable, again available for both instruction sets, that can be run in Windows, making Phoenix OS an app.

It’s worth pointing out that if you are planning on using Phoenix OS on a desktop computer, it is not suited to Android gaming. For this, consider grabbing a copy of Remix OS while you still can.

A collection of download options for Phoenix OS can be found online at, where you’ll also find a tablet version of Phoenix OS if you’re so inclined.

The Future: OpenThos

Still a work in process — so installation may prove time-consuming — OpenThos is capable of running Android and Linux apps in windowed mode. While this isn’t a straight Android operating system, it is based on Android-x86.

Writing to USB and booting live, or using OpenThos in a virtual machine, are among the options (as outlined on GitHub). Fortunately, you can download a disk image of OpenThos from FOSSHUB. The UEFI boot manager provides support for Windows, Linux, and macOS. This should make OpenThos suitable as a dual-boot operating system option.

Using OpenThos is a little different to the other Android desktops. While the same possibilities exist with regard to productivity, an extra dimension is introduced with the option to install Linux apps.

Can Android Cut It on the Desktop?

In a world with Google Chrome OS offering a Google-flavored desktop experience with support for Android apps, the question that must surely be asked is: Why install Android on a desktop when you can simply install Chrome OS How to Run Google Chrome OS From a USB Drive You don't need a Chromebook to enjoy the features of Google's Chrome OS. All you need is a working PC and a USB drive. Read More ?

chrome os desktop

Well, look at it this way: although precise figures are unknown, Chrome OS has 0.56 percent of the market based on desktop browser stats. Conversely, Android has 38.9 percent across all platforms, mobile and desktop.

In short, Android has the presence and popularity. It’s just missing that vital pivot in the minds of its users — the realization that, yes, it can be used as a desktop operating system. It has the apps, it has the games, and it has the familiarity.

But what do you think? Is Android good enough as a desktop operating system? Have you used any of these Android desktops? Tell us about it in the comments.

Related topics: Android, Linux, Virtual Desktop.

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  1. Wouter
    March 3, 2019 at 2:00 pm

    I think there is a reason why they (google) do not develop a "desktop version" of android, or even better an android versions that easily, with one push on a button, turns your Smartphone into a desktop computer while its technical possible. Imagine what would happen: 85 % of people use their desktop for regular use (e-mails, internet, facebook etc...). The average smartphone can do this easily. This would mean that the whole desktop market and netbook/laptop market would collaps. You would only need a screen and a Bluetooth keyboard and mouse..... or a stripped laptop to connect to your smartphone....

  2. Mason
    August 27, 2018 at 6:30 am

    Let me start by saying I am in no way tech savvy, I have been using an android TV box (7.1) hooked to a monitor as a desktop for a few weeks now and it's actually pretty nice, I use google docs and sheets for a lot of work projects and store pretty much everything on the drive, I installed the HPdeskjet app and can now print anything I need. Also occasionally I will watch hulu or netflix on it or just surf the web with chrome. It may not be as capable as a true desktop but for $50 and a $90 monitor, its a pretty decent mini pc.

  3. Limer324
    January 31, 2018 at 5:49 pm

    Android-x86 is probably the only real project now. Sadly, to use it properly, you NEED to have a touch-capable computer... But it runs with a mouse too... Whatever.

  4. Truit
    October 15, 2017 at 3:50 am

    Only Andriod- x86 is a real option. Remix OS and Phoenix OS are full of Chinese malware and bloatware. Simply load them (Remix and Phoenix) as a VDI or the ISO on VirtualBox or VMware, then monitor the IP connections. They are both singing straight to China. So if you don't want the Chinese government and hackers reading your e-mails and using your credit cards, advise to leave them both alone. Android x86 is a REAL open source project, that you can go check the SOURCE code, and they don't put crap in it.

    Phoenix OS needs to remove all the Chinese specific apps (in Chinese) from off their OS (to include bloatware and malware) to be of any kind of real consideration for the rest of the world. Why are they promoting an OS with Chinese apps to NON Chinese users??? Ridiculous!

    With that typed, Phoenix OS does a good job of creating an actual desktop geared towards laptops/notebooks and PCs. This is the major weak point of Android-x86. This is what is perplexing about what they are doing. If Android-x86 is bringing you Android to your PC and laptop, then why not give it a true desktop look? Android-x86 looks weird and very awkward to use, by making your PC or laptop look like a smartphone.

    • Limer324
      January 31, 2018 at 5:51 pm

      It doesn't look too ridiculous on a laptop with a detachable screen, but I agree. Probably they'll make a desktop version. That'd be our dreams came true.

  5. AndroidDigger
    September 9, 2017 at 6:55 pm

    I am still trying to get Android for home PC. I watch all my shows only on Netflix or Amazon Prime, so I cut the cable along time ago.

    I tried Samsung Smart TV, then separate smart disc player, then Apple TV, then Google TV, then Chromebook. I ended up buying a small PC with Windows 10 but it is too weak to use with a tiny pc. Also, there is no mobile app to run (ChromeStore=WindowsStore). I then tried Chrome's new version but a LOT of Android apps were not compatible.

    For email, shopping, internet browing, and TV plus games, apps, widgets.....
    Android is the way to go for me.

    • Limer324
      January 31, 2018 at 5:52 pm

      They'll bring Google Play on the Chromebooks.

  6. Antonio Luciano
    August 26, 2017 at 4:16 am

    You obviously don't do much research do you? Bliss - X86 has Substratum Theme Engine support and A.R.I.S.E sound system with Dolby Atmos and 10x more features then any listed above.

  7. likefunbutnot
    August 21, 2017 at 5:26 pm

    It's a fairly incomplete desktop experience. Android doesn't have as many exposed settings as fully functional Fat Client OSes, which manifests as being bad at things like managing printers, not supporting keyboard-centric interfaces and missing adaptive technology features.

    Further, Android's got some filesystem inconsistencies that are exacerbated by its security model, with apps that write to inconsistent folders or that can't be easily made to write to more logical ones. This isn't awful for a phone or a content viewing device, but it's slightly maddening for users that actually save a lot of data, as I would expect to on a desktop.

  8. Penguin
    August 21, 2017 at 2:08 pm

    Where are you getting your figures from? Android is the worlds most used OS with over 2 billion people using it.

    • Don Key
      August 28, 2017 at 10:16 pm

      Says who? 2 billion devices may have been manufactured but how many still exist as in being actively used?

      How many PC's are there in the world? If my country is anything to go by, and by extrapolation there are 4.79 per person via household and business use then theoretically with a population of 7+billion worldwide there would be about 16 billion worldwide based on world wide stats. But cut that figure in half to eliminate the countries where PC use is limited or virtually non existent and there would be somewhere between 7 and 10 billion PC's in the world and the vast majority of those would be Windows devices.