Social Media

The Top 9 Russian Social Networks

Emma Roth Updated 04-02-2020

Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and YouTube dominate the social media world in most countries, but Russia (and some surrounding areas such as Kazakhstan and Ukraine) often prefer regional replacements for these platforms.


This difference in social media use is of huge importance for brands who utilize social media sites for advertising, as it can affect their marketing strategies. That aside, it’s also interesting to see how online communication can differ in different parts of the world.

Here are the top Russian social networks being used today.

Note: In this list, we include both Russian social networks, as well as social media platforms that are popular in Russia.

1. VK


VK (previously known as VKontakte) is by far the most popular social media platform in Russia, with over 97 million monthly active users.


The platform is best described as a combination of Facebook and a file-sharing platform. Much like Facebook, users have a profile and can easily search for and add other users to follow their status updates, photos, and videos.

Along with these traditional functions, users can also upload video and audio files of any kind and share these resources with other users as well. In the past, this has come under scrutiny as it occasionally crossed legal boundaries. However, users must now comply with copyright laws when uploading any content.


OK Russian Social Media

While VK may be most popular with younger users (aged 18-34), older social media users generally prefer the social media site OK (originally Odnoklassniki, meaning “classmates”). has over 71 million users.


Wondering what is Much like VK, OK allows users to create a profile, search for friends, and share status updates and images. The focus of OK is reconnecting with classmates and friends that users may have lost touch with over the years, so the search parameters are quite detailed.

You can also use the site to make voice and video calls, send messages, and give virtual gifts.

3. Moi Mir

Moi Mir Russian Social Network

Moi Mir (“My World”) is another site like VK. It’s an extension of the internet/e-mail provider (which also owns both OK and VK) and has struggled to find its unique niche in the broader social media scene.


5.4 million people use Moi Mir each month to share images, music, and videos, as well as to play games. The Groups tab on the upper-right corner of the screen also allows you to make new friends with people who share common interests.

4. Facebook

Facebook Russia Social Media

Even though Facebook isn’t the most popular social media site in Russia, its popularity has definitely begun to spread, and it now boasts over 50 million users. This isn’t surprising, as Facebook is constantly changing its platform to better align with its perceived users’ needs.

What’s interesting is that analysts suggest that part of the reason Facebook is becoming more popular in Russia is because of business conversations. Reports suggest that in 2015, over 30 percent of business-related discussions in Russia took place on Facebook.


5. LiveJournal

LiveJournal Russian Social Media

LiveJournal is a blogging platform that has been around since 1999, but has since generally fallen into disuse in most of the world. This trend is far from true in Russia, however, where Russian users account for about half of the site’s total traffic.

Personal blogs are a great way to develop and share your opinion and perspectives online. They allow for more thought and discussion than the sort of short messages shared on newer social media platforms.

Thankfully, LiveJournal integration is still supported by a number of online services, allowing it to maintain its important role in Russia and beyond.

6. Twitter

Twitter Russian Social Media

Twitter is another classic social media site that does quite well in Russia. While it doesn’t have as many users as the other sites in this list (with approximately 13 million), it boasts the most engagement per author out of all Russian social networks.

So, even though Twitter may not be a mainstay for most Russian social media users, those who choose to use it are tweeting up a storm!

7. Rutube

Rutube Russian Social Media

Rutube is essentially Russia’s answer to YouTube—a social media platform centered on video-sharing content of all types.

While it hasn’t achieved the incredible reach of YouTube, Rutube has collected a wide range of content from a large number of diverse users.

Rutube hosts both licensed content and user uploads, and the vast majority of all uploads are in Russian. This high percentage of Russian content makes Rutube an incredibly valuable resource for anyone trying to learn the language.

8. Instagram

Instagram Russian Social Media

Instagram has become hugely popular in the last few years and its popularity in Russia is no exception. Instagram is rapidly moving up the social media ranks in Russia, and currently has 40 million users (58 percent of whom are female).

This shift in popularity is thanks in large part to cross-posting between Instagram and other platforms, where users can use great Instagram tools that most people don’t know about 15 Things You Didn't Know You Could Do on Instagram If you're looking to do more with Instagram, these handy tips and tricks will help you discover more things to do on Instagram. Read More to enhance and caption a photo. From there, they can post it both to Instagram and to other popular social media websites.

9. Pinterest

Pinterest Russian Social Media

If you don’t know what Pinterest is and how to use it What Is Pinterest and How Do You Use It? What is Pinterest? How does Pinterest work? How do you use Pinterest? We explain the basics of Pinterest for beginners. Read More , all you need to know is that it’s home to aesthetically pleasing boards full of photos. The site has seen some growth over the past few years, so it’s no surprise that Russian Pinners have been appearing on the site as well.

Americans make up the majority of Pinterest users. However, Russians currently hold a place in the top three countries (besides the United States) that have the highest percentage of Pinterest users.

Learning About Russian Social Networks

The success of unique social media platforms such as VK and OK in Russia and surrounding countries can be surprising to those of us who are used to Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram holding a complete monopoly over all social media communication.

There is definitely something to be said for social media sites that are targeted at a specific userbase, whether geographically (as in these examples) or based on activities. Snapchat is the best example of this, as can be seen in this list of Snapchat filters The Best Snapchat Filters List and Essential Snapchat Lenses Want to pick the best Snapchat filter for your photos? Here's a list of the best Snapchat lenses and which ones you should use. Read More .

Related topics: Facebook, Instagram, Pinterest, Twitter.

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  1. Kinemaster Pro Download
    May 3, 2020 at 7:48 am

    Thanks for this post :)

  2. Dima
    March 11, 2018 at 1:21 pm

    It looks like OK and VK are carring what could be called russian culture fenomena. That is a broad question, what makes them such of type.
    My own experience has found that other social platforms spread other values and, of that reason as for me, OK and VK are not holding even something of what is called "social media wars". Of course, one may find not appropriate sententions in VK and OK; the global aim of VK and OK visitors are just living, establishing or supporting friendship, they are just a part of people real lives. They are not platforms for russians of spreading ideas, political propaganda, bringing out social pains — here the leader is Facebook. They are not of postulating antichurch or prochurch issues, ignoring what could be just possible to ignore or praying to what could be seens as object to pray – welcome to Livejournal.
    So my answer sounds like as values of VK and OK are of much attraction to real living and cultured russians.

    • Maria Routchkina
      August 17, 2018 at 3:06 pm

      "They are not platforms for russians of spreading ideas, political propaganda, bringing out social pains" U'r really happy one if u think so. Nowadays sm people has already went to prison couse their posts in VK and OK and everything is going to be worse. So... Our gowerment is hunting for us in our social networks (also in Utube or other foreign s/n, but not so hard and such a silly way).

  3. Shiv
    August 13, 2017 at 10:59 am

    Thanks for this post :)

  4. Ledy Gaga
    June 5, 2017 at 9:37 am

    And now all these Russian social media websites are banished in Ukraine! Haha!

  5. Curtistab
    April 5, 2017 at 3:48 am


  6. Stephen
    December 31, 2016 at 3:23 pm

    I think america should get on with russia putin seems to want to be nice why not get get on together

  7. Anne
    December 24, 2016 at 3:57 pm

    I'd say there is one more social network. "" It's a lot like LiveJournal and is slowly dying as well. Somehow users of these sites sometimes dislike each other (dunno why, maybe because both of the networks share the same functions nd it's just a matter of your personal taste).

    And some people use tumblr a lot. Actually, more and more people do.

    Speaking of "VK" - it's design is easier to understand, I guess. It is also great because of the music and other sharing opportunities. For example, there are musicians who are not very popular and they don't mind publishing their music for free. VK is a good place for this. It's also easier to get to know a new musician and get interested and maybe then decide to go buy a CD. VK is now working on it, sort of legalising music it has - I don't like it, 'cause I don't believe any of my favourite musicians will get a penny from it. Anyway, we'll see.

    Thank you for the article.

    Btw, I'm from Russia.

    • CED
      January 4, 2017 at 5:00 am

      Im on VK add me under "CED WYNEZ" thanks

    • Briallyn Smith
      February 8, 2017 at 11:03 pm

      Thanks for sharing all of your insight, Anne! (and sorry for the delay in my response, this comment got lost in the Christmas shuffle!)

      There's so many nuances that I wasn't able to learn from my research - it's really cool to hear about and the "politics" between the different sites' users :) Here's hoping the VK updates don't change the heart of the site too much!

      • Mohamed Hosny
        January 31, 2018 at 3:00 pm

        Good Job

    • Greg
      February 21, 2017 at 11:10 am

      Hi Anne, I'm so happy reading your post here, This really got me thinking if a Russian lady could write good English, Please don't get me wrong, I always dream to marry a Russian woman but whenever i tried there social network i end up not seeing someone who speaks English but I'm glad you do. I'm a widower and still looking out for my dream come true..

  8. Fiorella
    September 19, 2016 at 9:11 am

    Hello! I am fom Italy and I was just finding something about how social media work in Russia for my degree thesis. This article is very interesting and I had the opportunity to discover the existence of Rutube, I had never heard about it before. So thanks a lot, great job! :)

    • Briallyn Smith
      September 19, 2016 at 12:12 pm

      Hi Fiorella,
      One student to another, I'm glad this article could be at least a little helpful in writing your thesis! :) Good luck with the rest of your research!

  9. Anthony
    August 22, 2016 at 1:04 pm

    so many haters... chill out guys. ;-)

    • Briallyn Smith
      August 22, 2016 at 2:01 pm

      Glad I've got you around, Anthony :)

  10. Anonymous
    August 18, 2016 at 7:49 pm

    Hi, I'm from Ukraine. The secret of Russian (I rather say exUSSR) social network is misunderstanding English (when VK&OK starts, FB was English only). Present situation is another - teenagers use VK for free music, games and absense of parents. Parents use OK to talk with classmates and other friends and other colleagues. People who 40+ like to nostalgie with their friends ?? ??. Livejournal - is the 1st social-like site, where people can communicate to each other, but now in almost dead. Youth uses international social networks - FB, twitter, Instagram.

    • Briallyn Smith
      August 22, 2016 at 2:01 pm

      Thanks so much for this! It's really great to hear about these sites from someone who lives in Ukraine and uses them :) It's crazy how little I knew about them before I started working here, and I love getting to hear how they're used in "real life" vs. online statistics!

  11. loggin inn
    August 16, 2016 at 10:14 am

    in terms of design and look it is better than facebook, but it's totally controlled by FSB (formerly KGB) and you/your conversations are absolutely opened to russian state deps. after leaving Durov from vk it became a piece of sh*t in the hands of oligarhic mafia along with and "ok" because of the same owner. so you have nothing to learn in terms of business from russian social media.

    • Briallyn Smith
      August 22, 2016 at 2:00 pm

      Thanks so much for your insight into this - I didn't necessarily want to touch on this aspect of it in the article itself, just because I'm not as well-versed in it as I'd like to be before sharing the political side. Your comment is very helpful - thanks again!! :)

  12. mrs
    August 15, 2016 at 11:13 pm

    vk is way better than facebook.

    • Briallyn Smith
      August 22, 2016 at 1:59 pm

      When I was checking it out for this article, I was definitely jealous that it isn't more popular in my social circles!

      • autodatanet
        May 28, 2018 at 1:00 pm

        i use vk - and indeed, it's better than facebook.