Plugging in a USB hard drive and finding out you cannot write to it is frustrating, but easy to fix. In the newer versions of macOS, you do not even get an error message.
Even though the Mac has had a resurgence, Apple users still end up being second-class citizens to peripherals makers (just ask anyone who likes mechanical keyboards). So if you are stuck with one of these drives the following steps can get you working.
Why Is This an Issue?
NTFS is the proprietary file system that Microsoft started using back in the NT days. They released it to consumers in the Windows 2000 days. Most of this was when Apple was doomed, and not in a cheeky blogger sense.
Apple had moved from HFS to HFS+ during this time, but while Mac users can now choose from several different file systems, Core Storage and APFS were not a glimmer in Cupertino’s eye yet. Apple has full support for the various permutations of FAT, Microsoft’s earlier filesystem. Yet, by default it has never supported writing NTFS, so you can only bring your files one way.
There are a number of ways to fix this, from reformatting the drive to installing software that allows you to write to NTFS volumes, to riskier more experimental solutions.
If Your Drive Is Blank
If your drive is blank, you are in luck. Simply format it and move on. How you format it is going to depend on what want to do with the drive. Once you plug in the drive, open Disk Utility. Highlight your drive in the sidebar and click Erase. Then your next step depends on what you want to do with the drive. You need to format it to one of the following ways:
- Time Machine Backup – If you are going to use the drive to backup your Mac with Time Machine, you want to format the drive to HFS+. In the Disk Utility GIU this shows up as Mac OS Extended. (After High Sierra releases, APFS may be an option for this as well.)
- Portable Drive – If you are looking to make a portable drive to use with your Mac and other operating systems like Windows, choose exFAT. If you are only working with Macs, you can format your drive to HFS with the Mac OS Extended option.
- Working With Older Devices – This is probably rare, but if you are using the disk with another device that does not have support for exFAT, then you may have to choose the older FAT option. In most cases, you should not use this as it limits drive sizes to less than 32 GB.
If You Need a One-Time Fix
Warning: The following describes a method of enabling macOS built in experimental NTFS support. There is a very real chance that something could go wrong, resulting in the loss of data on the target drive. We recommend you do not rely on this method for writing to important volumes or as a long-term solution. You have been warned!
Sometimes you may just need to write some files to a drive once. In that case, you may not want to install anything at all. The Mac has built-in support to read NTFS by default. Its write capability hides behind a Terminal hack.
As we detailed in this guide, you need to do this for each NTFS drive you want to write. Open Terminal and in your editor of choice open /etc/fstab. If you do not have a preference, use Nano by typing:
Then copy this line into the file:
LABEL=DRIVENAME none ntfs rw,auto,nobrowse
Replace DRIVENAME with the name of the drive you want to access. Hit control+o to save the file, and then control+x to quit Nano. Disconnect and reconnect your drive to remount it, and now your drive is available in /Volumes. You can only get here in Finder — click Go in the menu bar and select Go to Folder. Enter /Volumes and click Go.
If you are curious about ftsab, it is a hidden file that sets preferences for disks. It can be used to prevent disk partitions from mounting. In in this case, it enables read-write on a disk that isn’t writable on default. In Linux and Unix, it is more of an active service that spells out how disks are mounted.
If You Want Free and Open Source and Don’t Mind the Work
While you may not be averse to Terminal, no one likes to edit a preference file every time they deal with a new drive. If you are in IT and dealing with Windows drives regularly, you may need a better option. One of the most popular solutions is an Open Source product, FUSE for MacOS.
This program is a handler; it does not contain anything to mount and read the files themselves. So download that here, but you still need to install some additional software.
There is a Homebrew package you can install to mount NTFS drives called NTFS-3g. The first thing you need to do is install Homebrew. That is a simple one liner in the Terminal:
/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
Once you run the commands to install Homebrew, and you get the confirmation in Terminal, you need to install the NTFS-3G package. That is another single command:
brew install ntfs-3g
If Terminal does not recognize that you have already installed the FUSE package, you may need to run this command as well:
brew cask install osxfuse
That install requires you to reboot your Mac. Then try re-running the ntfs-3g command. This enables your Mac to write to NTFS drives, but it is not automatic. You need to run the following commands each time that you want to mount a drive read/write:
sudo mkdir /Volumes/NTFS sudo /usr/local/bin/ntfs-3g /dev/disk1s1 /Volumes/NTFS -olocal -oallow_other
Replace disk1s1 with the actual drive address; you can find this with the command:
If you do not want to run these commands each time, there is a fix. You can boot your Mac into single-user mode, and replace the built-in Mac NTFS tools with NTFS-3G. There are some warnings about security on the project site, but check it out if you want the steps to enable it here. They make it clear that this opens up your Mac to potential exploitation, so this step is not for the faint of heart.
Alternatively, Choose a Paid Option
Some people are not comfortable with the Terminal, and others are. The Mac App Store has an App that hasn’t updated for years. It is also only available in German, so unless you Deutsch sprechen, you are out of luck.
There are some different choices, but the longtime option is Paragon Software’s NTFS for Mac. It is $19.95 (US) per Mac license, though you get a discount for buying three or five licenses at a time. You can test drive the software with a ten-day trial too.
It is a simple install, and then you have a menu bar item that shows your NTFS drives. (The screenshot above is the windowed mode.) Better still, your NTFS drives now show up in Finder normally, and you can treat them like any other drive.
Tuxera NTFS for Mac is another program, built on top of the open standard we used above, NTFS-3G. The licensing is a bit simpler, as you pay $31 (US) to use it on all your Macs. It is not quite as much of a deal if you are only using one Mac.
With a 15-day free trial, you can put the program through its paces before shelling out. Rather than a menubar item, Tuxera installs as a preference pane. You can format drives from here, but not much else. Like Paragon, you can use the Finder to work with the drive.
Both paid options offer a painless way to work with files. The open source and Terminal options are going to be more work, and experimental support shouldn’t be relied on full-time. You can also write as much data to and from your drives while trialing both paid options, before parting with your cash.
Both allow you to use Finder normally on the Mac, for a transparent solution. Terminal and open source options are not so easy to work with, but you could turn the mount commands into a script you can run in Automator. Try out each and find what works best for you.
How do you write to NTFS drives on your Mac, or have you ditched Microsoft’s file system entirely?