DIY Entertainment

5 RetroPie Tips for Better Retro Gaming Performance

Christian Cawley 04-09-2018

You’ve installed RetroPie on your Raspberry Pi, and tried out a few classic games. But something’s not right—it’s not how you remember. Perhaps the game is slow or jerky; maybe the controller isn’t working quite as you expect.


The truth is, while setting up RetroPie is straightforward, there’s more you can do to get the most authentic retro gaming experience. Use these five tips to get the more out of your Raspberry Pi’s retro gaming suite.

No Raspberry Pi Retro Gaming System Is Perfect

If you’re looking for a way to run retro games on your Raspberry Pi, you have several options.

Retro video game on the Raspberry Pi

First, you could employ individual emulators. Second, you could use special builds of Raspbian that focus on a specific platform. For instance, you can run the Amiga-based Amibian on the Raspberry Pi How to Emulate the Commodore Amiga on a Raspberry Pi Using Amibian Want to relive the days of Amiga video games? Here's how to get started with a Raspberry Pi and the Amibian operating system. Read More .

However, if you’re looking for a more in-depth experience, perhaps a retro gaming suite will suit you better.


Several of these are available:

  • RetroPie
  • RecalBox
  • PiPlay (formerly known as PiMAME)
  • Lakka
  • Pi Entertainment System (PES)

You can use each of these to manage the emulation of multiple retro platforms, from the classic Atari 2600 to the Sony PlayStation. Our look at everything you need to know about retro gaming on the Raspberry Pi explains more.

While the following tips are intended mainly for use with RetroPie, they should also work for the alternatives.

1. Are You Using the Right Raspberry Pi Model?

Raspberry Pi 3B, Raspberry Pi, and Raspberry Pi Zero


The first element to check is whether your Raspberry Pi device is up to the task.

Specifically, consider these two points:

  1. Can the emulator run reliably on your Raspberry Pi?
  2. Is the platform you’re attempting to emulate within the capabilities of the Pi?

For example, the original Raspberry Pi can emulate MAME and other 16-bit platforms with ease. The same goes for 8-bit systems. But it can’t emulate later devices, limiting the choice of games you might want to revisit.

Conversely, the Raspberry Pi 2 and later can emulate the Sega Dreamcast How to Play Dreamcast Games on Raspberry Pi With RetroPie If you want to emulate Dreamcast games on Raspberry Pi, you can't use RecalBox. Here's what you need to do instead. Read More thanks to the Reicast emulator, while the Raspberry Pi 3B+ can run the Nintendo 64 and Sony PSP, albeit with some performance issues.


The takeaway here is that you shouldn’t expect too much from the Raspberry Pi when it comes to emulation. Stay within the computer’s hardware limit: currently emulators for platforms released before 2000.

Be sure your Raspberry Pi computer is up to the job of emulating the games you want to play.

2. Use the Right Emulator

Choose an emulator for your Raspberry Pi

Sometimes, games that you believe should run (even if checking online confirms this) simply won’t. Various issues can cause this. The game ROM might be unstable, or created with additional software (or requirements) that the emulator cannot handle.


While many emulators are included, you don’t have to stick to the default option for a particular platform.

Most emulation suites will give you the option to switch to a different emulator. For example, in RetroPie, you can open RetroPie Setup > (P) Manage Packages > Manage optional packages, and browse the list of alternative emulators. Use the Install from Source option when you find the emulator you want to try.

Running multiple emulators for the same platform shouldn’t cause you any problems. It will, however, give you an additional option if software refuses to boot.

3. Find an Authentic Controller

Enjoying classic games doesn’t just mean loading them up with an emulator. You wouldn’t play a Nintendo Wii game with a keyboard, would you? No, you would want a Wii Remote to relive that console’s gaming experience.

The same is true of titles from the 20th century. MAME arcade games will play better with a joystick and six buttons; a Commodore 64 title is best with a standard one-button joystick.

While some classic gaming platforms have been graced with USB versions of their classic controllers, others have not. Your best bet is to check online for a suitable converter, enabling classic joysticks and joypads to connect to the Raspberry Pi via USB.

Or you could just build your own classic style joypad, using a kit like this one from SJJX.

SJJX DIY Arcade Game Button and Joystick Controller Kit for Rapsberry Pi and Windows,5 Pin Joystick and 10 Push Buttons 823a Mix Black SJJX DIY Arcade Game Button and Joystick Controller Kit for Rapsberry Pi and Windows,5 Pin Joystick and 10 Push Buttons 823a Mix Black Buy Now On Amazon $18.99

It’s best to rely on USB controllers too, especially on older versions of the Raspberry Pi. If you must use a Bluetooth controller, ensure your Pi has Bluetooth built-in (such as the Raspberry Pi 2 and later). See our list of the best RetroPie controllers The 10 Best Controllers for the RetroPie The RetroPie is only as good as its controller. Here are the best controllers for RetroPie. Read More for some ideas.

4. Is Your Pi’s Power Supply Up to the Job?

So many people suffer from overall poor performance on their Raspberry Pi due to a poor power supply. Forget about grabbing the nearest mobile phone charger and hoping for the best. Emulation often requires a lot of power, which means connecting your Raspberry Pi to a reliable AC adapter.

Many alternatives are available, but you’ll get the best results with the official power supply from the Raspberry Pi Foundation.

Distributed By MCM Official Raspberry Pi Foundation 5V 2.5A Power Supply White Distributed By MCM Official Raspberry Pi Foundation 5V 2.5A Power Supply White Buy Now On Amazon $13.79

Power issues can cause hangs, forcing you to manually reboot and unintentionally corrupt the SD card. Avoid this with a reliable 5V supply.

5. Overclock Your Raspberry Pi

Overclock your Raspberry Pi

Finally, if you want really good performance, and perhaps a boost to the frame rate, your best option is to overclock your Raspberry Pi.

Unlike other computers, overclocking is built into the Raspberry Pi as a feature. All you need to do is upgrade to the latest version, then edit the config.txt file in the boot directory. Amend this with new values for the computer’s clock speed, save and reboot, and you’re done.

Once overclocked, however, you might well encounter further performance issues. This is why cooling is so important. You have several options available for cooling a Raspberry Pi 5 Cool Ways to Keep Your Overclocked Raspberry Pi 3 Chilled With all the cool stuff you can do with a Raspberry Pi, it's no surprise they can get a bit hot. Here are the best ways to cool them down. Read More , from heatsinks and fans to liquid cooling.

RetroPie Performance Issues Checklist

As long as you’re using an emulation platform that is supported by the Raspberry Pi, these tips should help you to get the best out of RetroPie (or whichever suite you’re using).

Keep the following as a handy checklist when you run into trouble retro gaming on your Raspberry Pi:

  • Use the best Raspberry Pi model for your emulator
  • Switch emulators if a game doesn’t work
  • Choose an authentic joystick or controller
  • Give your Pi a reliable power supply
  • Overclock for enhanced performance

Once you get these problems ironed out, you’ll be ready to install your Raspberry Pi into your retro gaming center build. Not sure where to start? Our look at arcade machine builds for RetroPie will help you out.

Remember, you’re not limited to retro gaming. It’s possible for you to even play almost any video game on your Raspberry Pi How to Play Almost Any Video Game on a Raspberry Pi What if you could play a massive selection of games---past and present---using a Raspberry Pi? Here's everything you need to know about it. Read More ! Take a look at how to build an NES or SNES Mini with RetroPie How to Build a Custom Raspberry Pi NES or SNES Classic Emulator With RetroPie Love retro gaming but can't afford the habit? Save cash on special editions---use a Raspberry Pi to play classic Nintendo games! Read More for one cool idea.

Related topics: Performance Tweaks, Raspberry Pi, Retro Gaming, RetroPie.

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  1. Kilgore Trout
    September 5, 2018 at 4:27 pm

    Thanks for the review, this tool is cool!!!