The One Reason to Reset or Refresh Windows 10: Clutter

Dan Price 04-04-2017

Even if you regularly perform system maintenance, are rigorous in your approach to file management, and don’t install apps you’ll never use, your Windows machine can still become cluttered over time.


There are lots of types of clutter, all of which eat away at your computer’s performance and memory. It could be unnecessary OEM bloatware running in the background, an accumulation of old log files, or even duplicate copies of documents and photos.

In this article, I’m going to introduce the different types of clutter that can affect your PC, then explain how to use the Windows 10 Reset and Refresh functions to cure the problem.

1. OEM Bloatware

OEM bloatware has been plaguing Windows users for decades. Aside from some well-documented security issues 4 Security Reasons Why You Should Avoid Lenovo PCs Read More , it can be a drag on your machine’s CPU, RAM, and disk usage.

It can also affect your PC’s start-up times and hog valuable storage space, especially if your computer is old and lacks memory.

Until 2016’s Windows 10 Anniversary Update, resetting your system didn’t solve the problem. Manufacturers baked the OEM software into the recovery drive, meaning it would show up again as soon as the reset was complete.


Of course, you could manually delete the software How to Easily Remove Bloatware From Windows 10 Windows 10 comes with its own set of pre-installed apps. Let's look at the methods you can use to remove the bloatware on your PC and debloat Windows 10. Read More . However, as mentioned in the introduction, manually removing apps often leaves residue files and registry keys hidden away on your operating system. Only the most computer-literate users could remove all traces of the junk.

The Anniversary Update changed everything. Microsoft launched a new Refresh tool that can automatically download a fresh copy of Windows 10 4 Ways to Factory Reset Your Windows Computer Want to know how to factory reset a PC? Here are the best methods to reset a Windows computer. Read More . It’s entirely free of OEM software and allows you to keep your files if you wish.

2. Windows Update

It doesn’t matter which version of Windows you’re using, you should always keep it updated. Doing so keeps you safer because Microsoft continually improves your system’s security and fixes vulnerabilities.

Unfortunately, sometimes updates go awry, especially as Microsoft has a nasty habit of releasing broken updates. They frequently either fail to download correctly or the installation process crashes.


In such situations, Windows will reattempt the download/installation at a future date. But what happens to those unused corrupted files How to Fix a Corrupted Windows 10 Installation System corruption is the worst that could happen to your Windows installation. We show you how to get Windows 10 back on track when suffering from BSODs, driver errors, or other unexplained issues. Read More ? Theoretically, Windows will delete them. In practice, several of them hang around on your machine, sometimes indefinitely.

Even if your updates are successful, Windows automatically keeps a copy of every installed update. This can be problematic. Windows updates are cumulative so the size of the files quickly balloons. I frequently clear my old system files, but in just a few months I’ve amassed almost 4 TB of unnecessary clutter.

windows update clutter clean

Under Microsoft’s “We build it as we go” model, the percentage of files that have to change is really high. They’re touching a high percentage of the code.

— Rex McMillan, principal product manager for LANDesk

The same thing applies to major operating system upgrades. If you moved from Windows 7/8/8.1 to Windows 10 by taking advantage of Microsoft’s free update offer, your system would have saved your old files in C:\Windows.old. The same thing happens when you install the Anniversary Update.


Technically, Windows should delete the .old files Free Up Disk Space by Removing Windows.old Folder Windows prepares an automatic backup before you re-install. The Windows.old folder includes user profiles and personal files. Here's how to restore the data and remove the folder to free up space. Read More after a month, but a quick search on various forums reveals the automatic deletion didn’t work for a lot of users. It seems that the problems were most common among people who didn’t perform a clean install of the operating system when they initially updated to Windows 10.

You could delete the files manually using the Disk Clean-Up tool by heading to Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Disk Clean-Up > Clean Up System Files > OK. However, if you want to kill several birds with one stone and get your PC running like new, use the Reset tool.

3. Registry Bloat

Playing with your system’s registry can be dangerous How to Fix Windows Registry Errors (And When Not to Bother) Fiddling with the Windows Registry can be harmful to your PC. Here's how to fix registry problems and when to not bother at all. Read More . It’s easy to make irreversible changes that render your computer useless. It’s one of the main reasons why you need to treat apps like CCleaner with extreme caution.

However, registry bloat is a troublesome phenomenon. Every action you perform on your machine is logged somewhere in the registry, including files and apps you’ve deleted. Unfortunately, Windows is inefficient at cleaning the registry, and uninstaller software frequently leaves unnecessary entries.


windows registry editor bloated

Over time, your registry becomes bloated with thousands of redundant entries. The more redundant entries you have, the slower your system becomes.

Rather than using a potentially risky registry cleaner app How to Reset the Windows Registry to Default If you've messed up the Windows Registry, hopefully you have a backup. If not, you have a short list of options to fix the problem. Read More , let the Reset tool give you a fresh copy of your operating system and an entirely clean registry How to Reset the Windows Registry to Default If you've messed up the Windows Registry, hopefully you have a backup. If not, you have a short list of options to fix the problem. Read More .

4. Error Files

Sometimes, things go wrong. Maybe you get the dreaded “Blue Screen of Death” Windows 8 Crashing? How to Easily Troubleshoot Blue Screen & Other Issues Windows 8 isn't perfect. That said, most blue screens and application crashes aren't Windows' fault. Our tips will help you identify exactly what's wrong with your PC and fix it. Read More or perhaps a small process crashes in the background and it doesn’t affect your user experience.

However, no matter how serious (or minor) the problem, Windows keeps a log file of it. You can send these log files to Microsoft in the event of consistent crashes, but most users don’t.

Again, the size of these files quickly starts to balloon. I’ve just check my error log file size and it’s currently 1.91 GB. It’s a lot of wasted memory.

The Reset tool removes all these unnecessary files.

5. User Bloat

The final major source of bloat on your system is your own files. If you’re the type of person who doesn’t keep their documents and media files organized, it’s easy to quickly end up with several copies of the same photo or multiple drafts of the same Word file.

Having such a disorganized approach to file management over an extended period can cause problems. Your machine will start to creak under pressure of indexing such a vast number of files.

The Reset tool won’t help you in this situation. You need to use the Refresh function and then meticulously work through all your old data to streamline it. A long process? Yes. But a worthwhile one? Absolutely.

Reset vs. Refresh

As you’ve been reading, you’ll have noticed I refer to two similar but ultimately different tools. Although the terms will look familiar to Windows 8 users, the functionality is different in Windows 10.

In short, the Reset tool installs a fresh copy of Windows 10 but restores the rest of the system How to Factory Reset Windows 10 or Use System Restore Learn how System Restore and Factory Reset can help you survive any Windows 10 disasters and recover your system. Read More to the way it was when you bought it. Refresh installs a clean version of Windows 10 but without the bloatware.

Both methods give you the choice of either keeping your old files or starting from scratch, and both will wipe Windows 10 apps and your customized settings.

To begin either the Reset or Refresh process, head to Start > Settings > Update and Recovery > Recovery.


If you want to reset your system, choose Get Started under Reset This PC and follow the on-screen instructions.

reset windows 10

Refresh in Windows 10 1607

Note: If you’ve upgraded to Windows 10 1703 (Creators Update), please scroll down. The following description is only valid for the older Anniversary Update.

To refresh your machine, click Learn How to Start Afresh With a Clean Copy of Windows 10 under More Recovery Options.

windows 10 recovery options

You will be taken to a new screen in your browser. Choose Download Tool Now at the bottom of the page.

windows 10 download tool

Once the download finishes, follow the on-screen instructions. After a couple of screens, you will be able to choose whether to keep your old files or not.

windows 10 refresh tool

If using the Refresh option, you have 10 days to roll back to your previous install.

Refresh in Windows 10 1703

In the Creators Update, Microsoft has included the Refresh option in Windows. You can take the route described above, i.e. go through Settings > Update & recovery > Recovery > More recovery options > …start afresh. This will launch Windows Defender.

windows 10 defender fresh start

Click Get started to launch the Refresh process.

Alternatively, press Windows key + R to launch the Run menu, then enter systemreset -cleanpc and hit Enter. Now you should see the following menu:

windows 10 fresh start

Select Next to refresh your PC and install the latest version of Windows.

Any Questions?

I’ve explained why the Reset function is so useful and shown you how to use it. But I’d love to help if my guide has raised questions.

I’d also love to hear from users who’ve deployed these tools. Did you achieve the expected results? You can leave your questions and feedback in the comments below.

Related topics: Declutter, System Restore, Windows 10, Windows Defender.

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  1. Doodez
    May 31, 2019 at 7:22 am

    Hello, just now my windows has failed to boot and is showing the recovery menu. Is refreshing and resetting while keeping my files kept different? If yes, which one is better to use and which one saves my files the most?