How To Install A New PC Cooling Fan

Matt Smith 24-01-2013

install pc cooling fanComputers have changed a lot over the last decade, but one thing remains the same – the need for cooling. Efficiency has pushed temperatures down but hasn’t eliminated heat as an issue. That’s particularly true for high-end workstations and gaming PCs.


Installing a new cooling fan is often the best way to decrease heat. It also can be a good way to reduce noise How To Keep Your Computer Quiet On The Cheap I doubt that anyone has ever listened to computer fan noise and thought "wow, that’s awesome. Let’s have some more of that!" At best, fan noise is simply there, an ambient whirr that be mostly... Read More (if the replacement fan is quieter, of course). Adding a fan is one of the easier upgrades a user can perform.

Identify The Fan You Need

The first thing you need to know is the size of fan you can install. The two most common fans sizes are 80mm and 120mm. There are also other less common sizes, however, like 140mm and 92mm.

install pc cooling fan

The measurement is the size of the fan on each side. Just break out a tape measure if you’re not sure what size you need. Fans for purchase should be clearly labeled by size and the size is universal, which means fans from different companies will fit into the same mounting bracket as long as the size matches.

Line Up The Fan With The Mount

Once you have a fan of the correct size you need to open your case and line up the fan with the mounting area. It will have four screw holes, as will the fan, so you just need to line up the screw holes on each.


install new pc fan

Also make sure that you have the fan mounted so it blows in the proper direction. The fan should have a printed or molded arrow that shows the direction air flows. Fans can be installed as either an intake (air blowing in) or exhaust (air blowing out). There may also be an arrow that shows the direction of spin.

install new pc fan

Keeping the fan in place is before the screws are installed is a common difficulty. Expensive cases usually have brackets that can hold a fan even without screws, but budget cases do not, making installation a chore. My recommendation is to use a few pieces of masking tape or duct tape to temporarily hold the fan is place.


Install The Screws

The fan you purchased should come with at least four screws. These are usually short and stubby like the one in the photo below. However, the screws may be longer if they are meant to install alongside another piece of hardware, such as a radiator used in a liquid-cooling system What Water Cooling Is & Should You Use It? [MakeUseOf Explains] Water is a great coolant. It’s plentiful, cheap and can be easily moved via pumps. The need for specialized hardware has often made this solution too expensive and too complex for mainstream users, however. That... Read More .

install new pc fan

Installation is as you would expect. Just insert the screws into the holes drilled in the case and then through the holes in the fan itself. Righty-tighty until the screw is flush with the mount and can’t be tightened further. Because the screws usually have a very flat base you may find that inserting them is difficult. That’s another reason to temporarily tape the fan in place – it will make inserting the screw easier.

install new fan my pc


Now repeat for every screw. That’s it!

Connect The Fan To Power

install new fan my pc

All you need to complete installation is power. The fan will come with a three or four-pin female connector like that shown in the picture above. This needs to be plugged into a three or four-pin male adapter located either on the motherboard or power supply. The connector on a motherboard looks like so.

install pc cooling fan


Now you may be wondering – what is the difference between three and four-pin connections? It’s all about a feature called Pulse Width Modulation. With this feature, which is enabled through the fourth pin, a computer can control the speed of a fan Monitor Your Computer Fan Speed With SpeedFan Read More connected to its motherboard. Having this is nice because the fan can automatically adjust its speed based on internal temperatures or user presets.

A four-pin fan can be plugged in a three-pin connector and vice-versa. However, fan speed control will be lost.

Most motherboards come with two to four system fan connections. If you’re installing more fans than your motherboard can support you’ll need to connect the additional fans directly to your power supply Power Supplies Explained: How To Pick The Perfect PSU For Your Computer Most geeks interested in buying new hardware or building a new system think first of the processor, graphics card and perhaps the hard drive. These components have the most impact on performance, so they are... Read More . Some supplies will come with three-pin connectors for this purpose. Others require that you use a Molex adapter.


That’s all you need to know to install a PC cooling fan. There is no software to worry about. You don’t even need to bother with drivers or hardware connection.

If the fan is installed and has power it should start to spin as soon as the system begins to boot – if it does not, check the power connection again. Something may have come loose or the fan may be faulty.

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  1. harley bellwood
    February 6, 2013 at 7:28 pm

    I have 2 desktops and 2 laptops. I usually rely on my son to change fans. This article is great & I will try it myself, thankx.

  2. Richard Steven Hack
    January 25, 2013 at 12:12 am

    If you want to keep your fan from making a racket rattling against the case, don't use ordinary fan screws. Use the rubberized long flexible screws that hold the fan a slight distance away from the back of the computer and absorb vibration. They're more expensive, but very useful.

    Also, I've never seen a fan yet that had any indication of which direction the air flow goes. Maybe I've just missed it, but if they put an indicator on them, I've never seen it. That would be way too helpful a thing for a manufacturer to do. :-)

    Also, the fan "should come with screws". Good luck with that, too. I've never bought a fan with screws included. Then I have to rummage through my parts box and of course I never have them.

    Best thing to do is buy a case with several pre-installed fans, preferably three or more 120mm or larger. I bought a case for a client once that had SEVEN fans (four intake in front of the disk bays, two in the rear, one on top) already installed - plus the two additional external fans on the CPU cooler, plus the video card had two fans. That's cooling!

    • Matt Smith
      January 28, 2013 at 8:52 pm

      The inclusion of screws or an indicator depends on brand. I usually buy from Antec and Corsair which always have screws and usually have an indicator. But I know some less expensive fans do not.

  3. josh
    January 24, 2013 at 8:55 pm

    wow, this article came right on time, my fan has been down for a while.
    I thik you all should post more hardware replacement articles

  4. Anonymous
    January 24, 2013 at 8:40 pm

    Keeping the fan free of dust will also do wonders

  5. Marge Plasmier
    January 24, 2013 at 8:00 pm

    Whatever you do, don't vacuum it! (Personal FAIL)

  6. Anas Taji
    January 24, 2013 at 7:32 pm


  7. ion popa
    January 24, 2013 at 7:04 pm

    This article comes right in time. My notebook coling fan doesn't work properly anymore.

    • FredEx
      January 24, 2013 at 7:55 pm

      A notebook or laptop fan can be very hard to get to and at times are hard to find or impossible to find to buy.

  8. Malkhaz Abuladze
    January 24, 2013 at 6:39 pm

    Thanks for giving us such good info about various things

  9. Scott Macmillan
    January 24, 2013 at 5:52 pm

    I was just thinking of adding a new fan.This is a good article to go over to look for tips and things to avoid.Thanks.

  10. John Pavelko
    January 24, 2013 at 5:51 pm

    I just got a hand me down computer from a local company, it is fast and has 16 GB of RAM but the fan just went on me. This article was very timely

  11. Rama moorthy
    January 24, 2013 at 4:46 pm

    When muo will giveaway the Cooling Fan ....? lol