Career Options for Java Programmers

Jay Sridhar 27-07-2017

Java programmers are experts in the Java programming language 10 Core Java Concepts You Should Learn When Getting Started Whether you are writing a GUI, developing server-side software, or a mobile application using Android, learning Java will serve you well. Here are some core Java concepts to help you get started. Read More . As of 2017, there are a lot of opportunities for Java programmers. With a projected growth rate of 19 percent for the 2014-2024 period (according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics for all application programming), the career prospects for Java programmers 10 Computer Programming Careers and Jobs That Are in High Demand Looking for a career in programming? Here are just some of the best paying coding jobs that you can apply for today. Read More are indeed excellent.


Education Level

To be considered for a Java Programmer position, at a minimum, you need to have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information systems, mathematics, or the equivalent. Some employers require a master’s degree as well. With some exposure to Java programming, it should be relatively easy to land an entry-level job at a company 5 Job Search Guides to Improve Career Prospects and Find Your Passion The trick to life success lies in finding a career you love, and getting paid to work on your passion. How do you find your dream job? Try these fantastic tools. Read More .

Some employers may accept applicants without a formal education in one of these areas in lieu of substantial technical experience and knowledge. However, the more education and experience you have, the more appealing you appear to an employer.

Career Path

Once you land a job Find A Job Quickly With These 5 LinkedIn Groups One of the most powerful tools for finding a job using LinkedIn is groups. Here are five that will significantly increase your job-hunting power. Read More , what kind of a career can you expect?

Depending on experience, your career will typically proceed along the following path:

  • Junior Programmer — You will start as a junior programmer and remain in this position the first 3-4 years of your career. You duties will primarily consist of coding, debugging, participating in code reviews, and technical documentation. At this stage, you should also concentrate your energies on gaining more knowledge of the Java ecosystem and getting certified in one or more areas.
  • Senior Programmer — As you gain more experience, knowledge and possibly certifications, you transition into a senior programmer role. Here you will have increasing responsibilities, mentoring junior programmers as well as getting involved in the overall design and implementation of the software. While you should still expect to be involved in coding, you may also have a more customer-facing role where you might have to train the users (internal or external) of your software. At this point, your focus should be on transitioning to a more managerial track, with further education and certifications leading to the same.
  • Architect — At this stage, with 10+ years of experience in the trenches, you could have an architect-level role which include duties of interfacing with the customers and clients of your software, collecting and analyzing requirements, and responsibility for the overall architecture of the system. You may also take on an increasingly managerial role, including interfacing with upper management.
  • Manager — You are now into the management track, possibly equipped with one or more managerial training and certifications under your belt. Your duties here include overall responsibility for software delivery, financial management and budgeting, and interfacing with senior management.

Application Areas

Java programming is used in a wide variety of industries and in many roles and locations. Having said that, most Java programming for the enterprise can be classed into the following main areas.


Back-End Developer

Career Options for Java Programmers back end developer
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A back-end developer Want to Learn Web Design? 7 YouTube Channels to Get You Started YouTube has thousands of videos and channels for web design beginners. Here we look at some of the best ones for getting started. Read More writes code for the back-end servers which include web servers, database servers, and application servers. Currently this career path is the one most in demand and offers a wide variety of career opportunities. In addition to the core Java platform knowledge, you are required to be proficient in the back-end stack including the following:

  • EJBs or Enterprise Java Beans
  • Spring is used in many organizations in place of EJBs
  • Hibernate is used for persistence
  • SQL is required in many projects, big and small
  • JSP and Servlets take care of the web server stack
  • REST services are used to expose an API to the web service

Big Data Developer

big data developer
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A Big Data developer specializes in working with large datasets. This is a very fast-growing career path as more and more companies are looking to leverage large data sets for a variety of business intelligence and decision making. To be considered for this position, a candidate is required to have knowledge of:


Android Developer

Android Development
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Android is based on Java To Build an Android App, You Need to Learn These 7 Programming Languages Which programming language is right for creating Android apps? It comes down to your programming history and which languages you feel most comfortable using. Fortunately, you have options. Read More . For developing an Android application of any level of complexity beyond the basic, you will need to use Java to leverage the platform. Once you learn the Android platform and bill yourself as an expert Android programmer, you career opportunities skyrocket. Every company with any kind of web presence or e-commerce offerings must have an Android (and iOS) application to remain relevant.

Embedded Devices Developer

embedded device developer
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This is a niche career path with growing opportunities, given the number of devices from routers to network appliances to entertainment centers that use Java on the inside.


How is your Java career progressing? At what stage of progress are you on the corporate ladder? And what application area are you working in? Please let us know in the comments below.

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Related topics: Careers, Java.

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  1. any name
    December 3, 2018 at 7:45 am

    I'm 34 years old, I ented IT career from 10 years ,first 4 years I was ERP implementer and the anther 6 years I was java developer, I worked with many technologies (Struts-JSF-Angular2), I'm senior, but I still fell I'm junior.
    I'm afraid of my career path, switch to management career or any other career or still on my career?Please advice.

    Strong points
    1-very patient to solve the problem
    2-interest search
    3-interest debugging
    4-interest in learning new technology
    5-hard worker

    weak points
    1-low concentration
    2-need follow up
    3-have big mistakes
    4-can't work under pressure
    5- can't test my tasks
    6-Slow to gain knowledge

  2. robert nixson
    July 31, 2017 at 5:08 pm

    am a student for computer science and i am hoping for android but still a challenge to me how can i do this?

    • Jay Sridhar
      August 5, 2017 at 7:18 am

      Where exactly are you having problems? There are many tutorials out there for Android, so if you can be specific about your hardships, we can try to help you out.

  3. robert nixson
    July 31, 2017 at 5:05 pm

    i persionaly am a student for degree in computer science, but i am hoping to java which is android but i still have some fear for it what can i do to release me from this situation

    • Jay Sridhar
      August 5, 2017 at 7:17 am

      You can start specializing your java knowledge for Android. Many Android tutorials out there which start at the beginner level. What year of your degree are you in?

  4. Ashish Majnekar
    July 29, 2017 at 11:30 am

    I am a student i have made a 2d game, not completed yet. And i am working on colleges biotech department project to get a certificate.