The Best Way to Clean Windows 10: A Step-by-Step Guide
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Over time, every Windows installation builds up junk that takes up space and wastes resources. We all forget to perform regular maintenance, so often the problem comes from old files and programs.

If you don’t clean your computer, though, before long you’ll encounter low disk space warnings and notice it slowing down. We’ll walk you through how to clean Windows 10 using a variety of tools for different situations.

Step 1: Erase Temporary Junk

The OS includes a pair of similar tools for clearing out old temporary files from your disk, meaning you don’t need a dedicated Windows cleaner app. They’re a great first stop on your Windows 10 cleanup journey.

Disk Cleanup

Windows 10 Disk Cleanup

If you don’t mind an old-school interface, the classic Disk Cleanup tool gets the cleaning job done. Access it by typing Disk Cleanup into the Start Menu and selecting the disk you want to clean.

After a moment, you’ll see a list of unnecessary files that Windows can clean up. Assuming you’re an administrator, click the Clean up system files button to scan again for additional types of data.

Feel free to delete pretty much every category of data available here, with a few exceptions. Watch out for Downloads, which will delete everything in that folder. You may also want to avoid cleaning the Recycle Bin until you’re sure that you don’t need to restore anything from it.

If you’ve recently updated to a new major version of Windows 10, you’ll see a Previous Windows installation(s) entry. Deleting this will remove the old files Windows keeps for 10 days that allows you to easily go back to an earlier version. You should also avoid removing the Windows ESD installation files option, as this is used for resetting your PC via Settings.

Storage Sense

Windows 10 Storage Settings

Windows 10 includes much of this same functionality at Settings > System > Storage. You can use Storage Sense, found at the top, to automatically clean up files when your disk space is low, or every so often.

In the list of what’s using space on your PC, click Temporary files and you can delete the same types of data as in Disk Cleanup.

Step 2: Eliminate Large Files

TreeSize Free Scan

You’ve removed unnecessary files; the next step to clean up Windows 10 is to find old data taking up a lot of space on your computer. To help with this, download TreeSize Free, which will scan your storage and show you where the biggest files are.

Once installed, search for TreeSize on the Start Menu and launch it using the (Administrator) link so you can scan everywhere. To start, choose Select Directory in the top-left and select your main storage disk.

After a few moments, you’ll see a visual breakdown of your PC’s storage with the largest files at the top. Click the dropdown arrow on any folder to move down one level.

The largest folders will probably be Users, Windows, and Program Files (or Program Files (x86)) . There’s not much you can do in the Windows directory without causing issues, so let’s look at the others.

Uninstall Big Programs

Uninstall Chrome Windows 10

Under Program Files (and/or Program Files (x86) on 64-bit Windows), you’ll find files for most of the apps you have installed. If you don’t use some of these anymore, head to Settings > Apps > Apps & features to uninstall them.

Eliminate Large Items From Your User Folder

The majority of space-hogging files will likely be in your account folder under Users. This contains your documents, pictures, videos, and similar.

You’ll probably see a lot of space taken in the AppData folder, which is where many apps store information and preferences. For instance, Chrome and Spotify’s caches can take up several gigabytes here.

Have a look at these files and see if anything is low-hanging fruit. You can delete files you no longer use or move some data to an external hard drive. If you have lots of files in Dropbox or other cloud storage, use their preference panels to de-sync files you don’t need. You can always access them through the web interface.

You might see some other large files in TreeSize, such as WinSxS. But these aren’t all safe to remove—make sure you know what Windows folders not to touch 5 Default Windows Files and Folders You Should Never Touch 5 Default Windows Files and Folders You Should Never Touch Windows contains countless default files and folders, many of which the average user shouldn't touch. Here are five folders you should leave alone to avoid damaging your system. Read More .

Step 3: Clean Windows 10 Bloatware

Windows 10 App Uninstall

Most store-bought computers come loaded with worthless manufacturer bloatware that wastes space and duplicates functionality already in Windows. In addition, Windows 10 itself includes some junk apps you probably never use.

If you haven’t taken the time to remove bloatware from your system, you should. It’s an important part of Windows 10 cleanup. See our guide to removing bloatware from Windows 10 How to Easily Remove Bloatware From Windows 10 How to Easily Remove Bloatware From Windows 10 Windows 10 comes with its own set of pre-installed apps. Let's look at the methods you can use to remove the bloatware on your PC and debloat Windows 10. Read More for instructions.

Step 4: Tidy Your Desktop

Even after you’ve cleaned up your computer, a messy desktop can still confuse you and make it harder to work efficiently. Most people use their desktop as a temporary storage space, leading to all sorts of files getting scattered across it.

You should try resetting your desktop to make it neater. Start by moving all the files from your desktop to another location. Next, you can create shortcuts to files you need all the time on your desktop.

If you have so many files that you don’t think this will work, the Fences app is definitely worth a look. It includes powerful tools that let you automatically combine similar desktop icons, hide or show all icons with a few clicks, and much more.

After you’ve cleaned up Windows 10 and your desktop, you’ll feel like you have a whole new machine. We have a deeper guide on cleaning up your Windows desktop How to Clean Up Your Windows Desktop Once and for All How to Clean Up Your Windows Desktop Once and for All Clutter is more detrimental than you realize. A tidy Windows desktop makes things easier to find, is more pleasing to look at, and reduces stress. We show you how to get your desktop in order. Read More if you’re interested.

If Necessary: Refresh Windows 10

Windows 10 Fresh Start

Maybe you feel that your PC is such a mess that you don’t want to spend the effort to clean up Windows 10. In that case, you can use a built-in option to reinstall a fresh copy of Windows 4 Ways to Factory Reset Your Windows 10 Computer 4 Ways to Factory Reset Your Windows 10 Computer Want to know how to factory reset a PC? We show you the best methods to reset a Windows computer using Windows 10, 8, or 7. Read More .

You might know about the Reset this PC option available in the Recovery settings. However, using this will restore your PC to how it was out of the box, including the preinstalled manufacturer bloatware. To avoid this, you can use another option.

Head to Settings > Update & Security > Recovery and click Learn how to start fresh… at the bottom of the page. This will launch the Windows Security app and provide you with the Fresh start option. Using this reinstalls Windows 10 and updates it to the latest version, as well as removing all installed apps. Only your personal files and “some Windows settings” are kept.

Even though Windows promises to keep them safe, make sure you back up your files before doing this, in case something goes wrong. You should also make a note of any license keys you’ll need to reactivate software after the refresh.

Having to reinstall all your programs by hand will take some time. But if your computer is a mess, it might still be worth it to get a clean system.

Avoid Fake Cleaning Apps

While we’re discussing Windows 10 cleanup, it bears mentioning that you should be careful what software you download. While the above tools are all legitimate ways to clean your PC, you’ll find hundreds of scammy “PC cleaners” online that are totally worthless (such as the one in the above video).

These tools provide a “free scan” that finds thousands of “issues”, which absurdly count every cookie on your computer as a “privacy risk”. Then they demand you pay a good amount of money to actually clean anything up.

Don’t bother with this nonsense. The above tools should be plenty to clean up unnecessary files. Speaking of which, you might have noticed that we didn’t mention CCleaner in this guide. As it turns out, we recommend you stay away from CCleaner Is CCleaner Safe? Not Quite. And We Show You How to Replace It Is CCleaner Safe? Not Quite. And We Show You How to Replace It CCleaner was once a must-have utility. But this has changed. Here's why CCleaner is no longer safe to use and how to replace it. Read More now.

Now Windows 10 Is Cleaner Than Ever

We’ve shown you how to clean up Windows 10 in several ways. These methods should be sufficient to clean up a good chunk of space on your computer and make it feel newer. Keep up with them every so often, and you shouldn’t have to worry about disk space warnings any longer.

Need to free up even more? Check out Windows files and folders you can safely remove Delete These Windows Files and Folders to Free Up Disk Space Delete These Windows Files and Folders to Free Up Disk Space Want to clear disk space on your Windows computer? Take a look at these Windows files and folders you can safely delete. Read More .

Explore more about: Computer Maintenance, Declutter, Organization Software, Registry Cleaner, Storage Sense, System Restore, Windows 10, Windows Tips.

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  1. Col. Panek
    August 15, 2019 at 3:43 pm

    I gained about ten gigabytes by erasing Windows and installing MX Linux.

    • debeeriz
      August 25, 2019 at 2:40 pm

      you could have saved even more by installing elementary, l heard good things about mx i am going to give it a try myself

  2. Ashley
    July 28, 2019 at 4:34 am

    About a year ago I purchased a cheap laptop, mainly for playing games while watching the TV.
    It's a HP Stream with a 32Gb SSD.
    Problem is, the constant Windows updates clogged up the SSD within a few weeks and I had to take the whole machine back to restart which meant losing a few small games and other things that I had downloaded. This happened more than once.
    Eventually I went into Settings and turned off ( or tried to) all updates etc.
    But the computer still sometimes downloads, and installs updates without my say-so.
    Maybe MUO can do an article on how to stop windows updates like this.
    PLEASE???
    And thanks.

    • Ben Stegner
      July 29, 2019 at 3:22 pm

      Hi Ashley,

      Turning off Windows Update in Windows 10 with 100% certainty is difficult. However, the below article should help you turn it off for a good amount of time:

      //www.makeuseof.com/tag/5-ways-temporarily-turn-off-windows-update-windows-10/

    • Merlin
      August 14, 2019 at 6:43 pm

      You could, after an update of Windows, do a disk cleaning and clean up system files. That way the update and backup files are removed from the disk.
      I would however recommend upgrading the SSD to at least 128 GB. 32 GB is actually too little. It's not that high of a cost and you'll have loads of disk space availlable.
      Still do regularly clean up the disk and system files.

  3. Nitaliajay
    July 27, 2019 at 3:42 pm

    Good things

  4. Nitaliajay
    July 27, 2019 at 3:41 pm

    nice

  5. Dante
    July 27, 2019 at 12:05 am

    Yea OK so what if you have an actual inaccessible boot error and you are unable to actually get into windows at all because, you know, the boot drive is inaccessible?

  6. Rog
    September 15, 2016 at 4:34 am

    Excellent article. Personally, I already do 100% of this workflow to keep my PCs tidy but this will be an perfect to share with the friends and family who always need maintenance help. It's not easy explaining the maintenance process in a concise way for the less technically inclined, kudos!

    I also appreciate you don't go overboard like a lot of articles do and reccommend actions that can damage your PC like reg cleaners and some all-in-one cleaners out there. Personally, I'm still gun-shy about reinstalling Ccleaner for Windows 10 due to the legit issues it had with the OS pre-anniversary update. The normal file cleaning operation (not the registry cleaner) was responsible for breaking the Windows Store & Windows Update for many users -- even with the innocuous, near-default settings. It's been awhile, so I'm sure they've ironed out those issues. Other than that, never had a problem for all the years I've used it.

    Thanks again for putting this together, It will be shared heavily.

    • Ben Stegner
      September 15, 2016 at 11:39 pm

      I appreciate your kind words. Initially this article was going to be a list of CCleaner-like apps, but then I decided to go with the route I did.

      I'm so happy to hear you'll save this to send to folks — that's my hope for what I write, and I hope you're able to help many friends with it. If I've explaining technical, boring stuff to normal people in an engaging way, I've done what I've set out to do!