Some role-play gamers are happy to sit around a table with nothing more than a sheet of paper (and some don’t even need that). I’m not one of them. I want towering dragons and hordes of zombies to shuffle around a gridded map, with detailed props and scenery.
My imagination works just fine thank you very much, but if I’m going to play a game, I want to play it in the most immersive way possible.
That means little plastic miniatures. Lots of them.
In the past, I’ve used dry-erase markers to map out landscapes onto a whiteboard, and even projected scenes from the underside of a frosted glass tabletop. But here’s a new way of doing it: 3D printing physical terrain pieces. You can even 3D print some miniatures if your collection doesn’t have the perfect tentacle monster that the campaign finale calls for. Or how about designing your own unique monsters that have never before been seen in any bestiary?
Not into Dungeons and Dragons? Check out these other 3D printable games instead!
(If you’re new to 3D printing, follow our tutorial to get familiar with the basics of 3D printing.)
Before you start printing a bunch of miniatures, it’s important to set your expectations appropriately. Understand that the power of 3D printing is not in the ability to churn out hundreds of highly detailed models like a factory production line. Rather, it’s that you can print custom one-off pieces not commercially available, or even design your own.
The print quality you can get from a consumer 3D printer is not quite what you’ll get from something that’s been commercially injection moulded. But, it can be a lot cheaper: approximately $0.10 or $0.20 worth of filament for a single model, and you can choose the color!
It’s also worth noting that counter-intuitively, larger miniatures are generally easier to print. Tiny little tieflings with wafer thin legs are likely to disappoint and result in spaghetti on your print bed, but a gelatinous cube that can envelop players in toxic green translucent PLA will likely be a success.
Design Your Own Mini With Oculus Medium
One of the fascinating uses of virtual reality with tracked hand controllers is the creative freedom to paint and sculpt in 3D. In this video, Make demonstrates sculpting an octopus, then printing it out. Skip to 6:26 for the final product:
Lack the skill to start to build from scratch? Not a problem! There’s a growing archive of Medium sculpts to download, so you can just import existing designs and then tweak them by adding tentacles on all the things. One can never have enough tentacle monsters.
Gravity Sketch is another great option. A VR open beta version is available now, and can be used with both the HTC Vive and Oculus Rift. (Skip to about 12:00 for the incredible printed results.)
No VR hardware? You’re in luck! Anyone with Windows 10 now has access to the Microsoft 3D Builder, which can print directly to many popular 3D printers. While this option is convenient, it’s not the only beginner 3D modelling tool out there.
Download Some Minis
Not the creative type? Me neither. Don’t worry though — there are thousands of free models available that you can download and print.
Monster Manual A–Z (200+ Minis)
Manuel is a talented modeller who decided to go through the monster manual and model what he found, using Blender, a popular free modelling program.That’s 200 monsters, free for you to download and print. They’re available at Shapeways, so grab them while you can. You’ll need a free account.
What’s great is that some of these are epic, large models, that you might otherwise only find at random in the official figure sets. (Though of course, if you buy the official sets, you’ll be getting much higher quality pre-painted minis.)
Netherforge and Delving Decor
Thingiverse user Arian Croft (aka Dutchmogul) currently has 670 designs to his name, covering a range of modern and fantasy miniatures, robots, and dungeon decorations. Our favorite is the Scrying pool and collection of inserts for it, but these treasure chests and loot markers are also great to have on hand for all manner of tabletop games.
646 Open-Licensed Minis
Brent Newhall has compiled a comprehensive list of minis you can download on his site, so check that out too. The list is a little old and some of the links are dead, but there’s still some great finds in there.
Terrain, 1-Inch Scale
Of course, once you have some monsters, you need to decorate the dungeon and put up proper walls.
Dragonlock Ultimate: Dungeon Starter ($10)
This is a premium set of stone dungeon models with the unique ability to snap together. The Dragonlock provides rigidity while still being reusable. Print them in gray, then dry-brush the details.
The starter kit costs $10, but it’s relatively limited. Each expansion pack costs another $10–$15, and you’re likely to want a few. Still, if you’ve paid $500 or more for a decent 3D printer, what’s another $50 for decent models? There’s also a free sample set if you want an idea of the models’ quality before buying.
Fat Dragon Games advise that printing the models yourself will cost just under $0.50 per piece.
OpenForge System (Free)
The OpenForge set is simpler than DragonLock, and the current archive of parts doesn’t involve any kind of locking system between the pieces. But this set is completely free, and there’s a huge range of pieces available — not just dungeons!
If you do enjoy these sets, consider supporting the designer on Patreon. For $1 per month you’ll get access to the base design files from which all the pieces are made, or for $2 per month you’ll be given a vote on future designs.
Rampage System With OpenLOCK
From PrintableScenery comes Rampage, a modular lockable system similar to Dragonlock, but built on an open source connector design. The Rampage designs themselves aren’t free and only just came out of crowdfunding, so they’re still in the design stage. Still, keep your eye on these (the base files are available from Thingiverse). If you fancy your hand at designing some custom interlocking pieces, you can have a go — and expect to see others designs in the future.
OpenForge has also begun to support the OpenLOCK system for use with their scenery. Note that OpenForge uses an ever-so-slightly different measurement, with 50mm tiles compared to two-inch tiles from PrintableScenery. However the difference is only 0.8mm, and falls within even standard printing error tolerances, so they should be compatible.
It’s also worth noting that the Rampage system has detachable walls, thereby circumventing the problem that TrueTiles (below) attempts to fix by making everything bigger. Of course, this slightly complicates designs, and means you need to use intermediate pieces instead of just two-inch squares throughout.
Our advice: pick a single system and stick with it.
Heros Hoard: TrueTiles (From $9)
The premise of TrueTiles is that other tiling systems are broken, because walls take up a big part of the square and minis can’t fit. To build up maps with a shared wall, one part of the design is compromised and ends up being smaller than intended. TrueTiles fixes this by scaling all the tiles up to 1.25 inches each instead of one inch. This design choice allows for minis to fit onto tiles even when there’s a wall. Further, the wall heights are restricted so models with outstretched arms can still fit. Grab your pack here or download a sampler from DriveThruRPG.
DnD Hex Grid Props
It’s a little unconventional (perhaps your party is playing in an alternative dimension?), but if you’re going to be using hex grids for other games anyway then you might as well stick to one system and adapt the rules. After printing the basic seven-hex tray, these props add interest and various height objects to your arena.
Bonus: Roll in Style
If your printer can handle it, we reckon this dice tower by ClericAaron is an essential bit of kit. The model includes a couple of different tray designs to choose from, but this should be an easy print that only requires supports for the archway.
If you only need a D20, may we suggest this stunning electronic D20, with custom critical roll graphics on a cute lil’ OLED screen?
These are our favorite models. Let us know yours in the comments!