A Beginner’s Guide to the Star Trek Franchise

Mark O'Neill 19-11-2015

“Space, the final frontier. These are the voyages of the Starship Enterprise. Its ongoing mission – to explore strange new worlds, to seek out new life and new civilizations, to boldly go where no man has gone before…”


Geeks all over the world were ecstatic when the news broke that the U.S. television network CBS is making a new series of Star Trek. The good news was tempered by the fact that initially it will only be available on CBS’ streaming service – CBS All-Access, which costs $5.99 a month.

Star Trek has been around for almost 50 years, spawned five television series and 12 movies (at the time of writing). Just like James Bond The Best Bond Gadgets Of All Time James Bonds gadgets are legendary. In this article, we run down some of the most futuristic gadgets from the films, and see how they stand up in the era of the iWatch. Read More , it is a monster of a franchise, and has firmly inserted itself into modern culture. Who hasn’t heard the phrases, “Resistance is futile,” or, “Beam me up Scotty” (despite the latter phrase never actually appearing in any episode or movie)?

Star Trek has also given us futuristic technology concepts The Star Trek Tech We Hope to See in Our Lifetimes Look around. Life imitates art every day. Star Trek inspired technology – from communicators to a speaking computer are already common facts. But are there some more we can get to see soon? Read More  such as the universal translator, the phaser, the transporter, and the awe-inspiring holodeck Your Own Holodeck: Will The Star Trek Fantasy Become a Reality? Will advances in virtual reality technology make the Star Trek holodeck a common room in every household in our near future? The "holodeck" fantasy is getting much closer to reality than you may think. Read More .

Most people know about Captain Kirk, Spock, and the Starship Enterprise. And the show appeals to all age groups. As many adults watch it as children (probably because they watched it as children themselves). Its central theme of space travel, meeting new species, action scenes when the bad guys try to muscle in… there’s something for everyone in this show.


So, without further ado, we present our beginner’s guide to the Star Trek franchise!

The Star Trek TV Shows

First, let’s take a look at each of the TV shows in turn. We’ll miss out the animated series, which Roddenberry referred to as “non-canon,” meaning basically that it doesn’t fit into the Star Trek timeline. It’s also been considered an embarrassment thanks to the really bad animation.

The Original Series (1966-1969)

This is the original series of 79 episodes that kicked off the whole Star Trek juggernaut. During its initial run, the show’s ratings were actually quite poor. It didn’t enjoy peak popularity until it went into syndication in subsequent years.

Set in the 23rd century, the show’s “five year mission, to boldly go where no man has gone before” introduced us to classic characters such as ship doctor Bones (“Dammit Jim! I’m a doctor, not an [insert other job title here]”), and Mr Spock, the Vulcan whose race displays no human emotions. The ship’s captain is Captain James Tiberius Kirk, played by William Shatner. The running joke in the series is Shatner’s frequent over-the-top acting.


The Next Generation (1987-1994)

Star Trek: The Next Generation ran for seven seasons and 176 episodes, and is frequently voted as the most popular series of the whole Star Trek franchise.

The Next Generation (often abbreviated to TNG) introduces to us a new crew of the Enterprise, 100 years after the original series was set. The captain in this series is Jean-Luc Picard, who is highly educated and likes the finer things in life. He is also a natural diplomat, but at the same time can display streaks of ruthlessness.

The show breaks with the original series in two aspects – the Klingon security officer, Worf (in Kirk’s time, the Klingons were Starfleet’s mortal enemies), and the android second officer, Data. It also introduces an extremely annoying boy called Wesley Crusher (played by Wil Wheaton).


With the Klingons out of the way, the new enemies are the Romulans, Q (who is really more of a pest than anything else, albeit an omnipotent one), and later The Borg.

The Borg are the worst of all – they are cyborgs who do not think for themselves. They are plugged into “the Collective” and are known for telling their enemies that, “Resistance is futile”. In the biggest cliffhanger episode ever in TNG, the Borg kidnap Picard and turn him into one of them.

Deep Space Nine (1993-1999)

Deep Space Nine (DS9) also ran for seven seasons, and was totally different from the moment it started. It isn’t set on the Enterprise, or any starship for that matter. Instead, it is set on a space station, although a spacecraft was introduced in later seasons. There was also a new guy in charge: Commander Benjamin Sisko, played by Avery Brooks. A couple of familiar faces from TNG made the crossover to DS9 – namely, engineer Miles O’Brien and Commander Worf.

It is notable that this was the first Star Trek series made without the involvement of Gene Roddenberry (who died in 1991). Also of note is that this series began while The Next Generation was still running. So there was some crossover between the shows. Picard appeared in the pilot episode of DS9, for example.


The main villains in DS9 are the Cardassians, who used to own the space station, and who want it back due to its strategic position next to a wormhole. The series centers around the planet of Bajor which is recovering from a long war with Cardassia, and is part-running Deep Space 9 with the Federation. The aforementioned wormhole is a gateway to the distant, unexplored Gamma Quadrant, which enables all manner of alien species to come through and visit the station.

Voyager (1995-2001)

Voyager also ran for seven seasons and differs from the previous series in three ways. First, the ship is not the Enterprise. It is Voyager. Secondly, due to the nature of the plot, many of the top officers were not Starfleet-trained, and are only commissioned officers out of necessity. Thirdly, this was the first Star Trek series to have a female captain – Kathryn Janeway, played by Kate Mulgrew.

Set during the late 24th century, the USS Voyager is hunting for a ship piloted by the Maquis (a paramilitary terrorist group). An accident hurtles them into the Deltra Quadrant, and they soon discover that it will take 75 years to get home. When they finally capture the Maquis, they find they are trapped together, and some of them are offered Starfleet commissions as a way to get along.

Since the Delta Quadrant is unexplored, they realize this is a golden opportunity to conduct research while making their way home. They employ every trick and shortcut they can think of to shorten that 75-year journey.

Enterprise (2001-2005)

Enterprise ran for just four seasons, and is a prequel to The Original Series. Enterprise is generally considered to be the weakest of the Star Trek shows, despite the Captain’s chair being filled by a veteran of science-fiction – Scott Bakula, who is best known for the show, Quantum Leap. It’s also the first Star Trek to have an opening soundtrack, which is not “Trek”.

The show is set in the year 2151 (115 years before Kirk takes over), and the show ends in the year 2161, when the United Federation of Planets is formed. The show starts when Warp 5 is achieved, enabling ships to travel faster and further into space. Archer captains the experimental prototype Enterprise, and along with his crew, travels into areas of space previously unvisited. Along the way, they encounter alien species hell-bent on destroying the Federation by manipulating the timeline and changing past events.

The Star Trek Movies

Although everyone has got to know Star Trek through the TV shows, it is the movies which have really cemented this franchise in the public consciousness. Who doesn’t love going to the cinema to see a good science fiction flick? There was a long-standing joke going around that all the odd-numbered movies were complete flops, while the even-numbered ones were blockbuster hits (just like Windows). That was until JJ Abrams came along and broke the curse.

The Motion Picture (1979)

This is the movie which kickstarted Star Trek again, after the TV series was cancelled in 1969. The movie was green-lighted after the TV series’ huge success in syndication. It was also rushed into production after the staggering success of Star Wars. The movie has Captain Kirk and his crew going into action against a mysterious alien entity called V’Ger.

The Wrath of Khan (1982)

This is consistently voted as the best Star Trek movie of the lot. A bad man called Khan and his crew escape from a 15-year exile from a planet not exactly known as being hospitable. They are therefore intent on revenge against Kirk (the reasons why are found out in the later movie Star Trek Into Darkness), and part of their plan involves stealing a terraforming invention called Genesis.

The Search for Spock (1984)

While the previous film left fans wondering if Spock had died, the title of this one revealed the truth. Spock isn’t dead, merely regenerated. His spirit has been transferred to Bones, the ship’s doctor, and when Kirk realizes that his friend is still alive, he risks a court-martial by stealing the Enterprise, and going after Spock. By the end of the movie, the Enterprise is destroyed, the crew are fugitives and they face certain arrest when they go home.

The Voyage Home (1986)

The crew start to make their way home, to stand trial for their crimes. But in their absence, Earth has been crippled by a mysterious entity which is looking for now-extinct humpback whales. Kirk and the crew decide to time travel back to the 20th century (as you do) and bring back two whales to communicate with the entity. The quirky and funny storyline made this movie an instant hit. It also redeems them in the eyes of the Federation and no charges are filed over their mutiny in the previous movie.

The Final Frontier (1989)

The Final Frontier was an instant dud. Spock’s half-brother believes he has been summoned by God and steals the Enterprise to go and meet him. Kirk also faces problems from a Klingon wanting to avenge the incident on Genesis. This movie is extremely dull and tedious. And to be frank, you would not be missing anything by skipping this one.

The Undiscovered Country (1991)

The Klingons make peace overtures to the Federation, but it is not well received on either sides. The Klingon chancellor is assassinated on his way to the peace conference, and Kirk is held responsible. When Spock starts investigating the incident, he uncovers a massive conspiracy against the peace process. This is a movie which you may not like so much the first time, but if you watch it a few more times, it starts to grow on you.

Generations (1994)

This was the film which finally ended the Kirk era of Star Trek, with the baton being passed over to Picard and his crew. At the start of the movie, Kirk is presumed dead in an accident, but is later found alive in an alternative universe called the Nexus. Picard recruits him once more to stop a mad doctor who is intent on entering the Nexus using a method that will ultimately destroy a populated planet.

First Contact (1996)

This is, in my opinion, the best of the Picard movies. It re-introduces the Borg as the really bad guys who try to alter past events by stopping the first contact between Earth and the Vulcans, an event which led to the events in Enterprise. Picard takes the USS Enterprise back through time to stop the Borg and allow history to proceed as it should. It also introduces Zefram Cochrane who creates the warp drive system which brings the Vulcans to Earth to establish “first contact”.

Insurrection (1998)

A Starfleet admiral decides to violate the Prime Directive and move the population of a planet elsewhere, so the Federation can steal the rejuvenating properties of the planet. Picard decides he cannot stand by and watch the Prime Directive being violated, so he deliberately sabotages the plan.

Nemesis (2002)

This is considered the biggest flop of the Picard movies. A clone of Picard created by the Romulans assassinates the entire Romulan Senate, assumes dictatorship, and lures the Enterprise under the guise of peace overtures. Needless to say, peace is the last thing on his mind. This is the last movie with Captain Picard and his crew. Due to how badly it was received, it would be another seven years before another Star Trek movie would come out – and it would not be with this crew.

Star Trek (2009)

After the flop of the last movie, this movie “reboots” the franchise and takes the movies back to the beginning, to before Kirk assumes command of the Enterprise. After Romulans destroy the planet of Vulcan, the Federation needs to stop them before they can do the same to Earth. Directed by J.J. Abrams, this is the only Star Trek movie to date to win an Academy Award. It is also, in my opinion, the best Star Trek movie since The Wrath of Khan.

Into Darkness (2013)

This movie explores some of the back story relating to Khan (from The Wrath of Khan), and why he hates Kirk so much. Khan attacks a Federation command building in London and is subsequently hunted down and arrested by Kirk and the Enterprise crew. At Khan’s urging, they closely examine torpedoes brought on board the Enterprise, and the discovery unmasks a conspiracy to go to war with the Klingons.

The Social Issues Highlighted in Star Trek

Star Trek isn’t just a collection of TV shows and movies. Because this is a franchise that has always pushed the boundaries, and taken care to highlight the social issues of the day.

Gene Roddenberry, the creator of Star Trek, was an idealist. He envisioned a future where there was peace, no poverty, no need to covet wealth, and everybody works instead for the good of mankind. Oh, and space travel, naturally. He also wanted to see people of all races, creeds, and religions represented equally.

When the show started in 1966, having a black crew member was a big deal, but the absolutely gorgeous and hugely talented Nichelle Nichols did a fantastic job bringing the character of Lieutenant Uhura to life. As the communications officer she is perhaps best known for sitting in her swivel seat with her finger to her ear, telling Kirk that “a signal is coming in”.

Uhura was revolutionary back in 1966 because even though the Civil Rights Act had been enacted two years earlier, racism was still rife in parts of the U.S. None more so than in television. Before Uhura, any black characters had been shown in menial roles. Uhura was the first character that played a central role in Star Trek, and Nichols paved the way for other black actors.

Predictably there was an uproar over her casting, and Nichols eventually wanted to quit after the first season to pursue other interests. However, she has said in many interviews since that the man that talked her out of quitting was none other than Martin Luther King, who told her:

“You are our image of where we’re going, you’re 300 years from now, and that means that’s where we are and it takes place now. Keep doing what you’re doing, you are our inspiration… for the first time, we’re seen as we should be seen. You don’t have a black role. You have an equal role”.

In the episode, Plato’s Stepchildren, Uhura shares a kiss with Captain Kirk. It was the first interracial kiss on television, and all the Klan members in their white hoods had collective heart attacks. These days, no-one would bat an eyelid at an interracial kiss, and rightly so. But back then? It was an extremely daring move on the part of this progressive show.

Do You Consider Yourself a Trekkie?

That wraps up our beginner’s guide to the Star Trek franchise, and we hope it has given you a broad understanding of the show and its main players. With a new series in the works, Star Trek looks set to live on into the future in which it’s set.

Are you an existing Star Trek fan? If so, which TV series or film is your favorite? Is Star Trek important because of its focus on social issues or because it’s good science fiction fare? Will you be watching the new series when it airs on CBS in 2017?

Please let us know your thoughts on Star Trek in the comments section below.

Related topics: Movie Review, Movie Trailer, Star Trek, Television.

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  1. Anonymous
    November 27, 2015 at 8:41 pm

    I would have said that "Star Trek: Enterprise" (as it was eventually retitled in the third season, retroactive to the first) had vocals in the opening theme, rather than referring to the opening theme as a "soundtrack."

    The term "soundtrack," once applied to all motion pictures shot on film with sound, referred to the part of the film itself that contained the sound recording, hence a separate track from the visual. On older films (and anything dubbed), synchronization failures caused by stretching and other wear and tear of the film medium itself, sometimes yielded hilarious results.

    In modern terminology, a soundtrack generally refers to any musical accompaniment in any visual entertainment, but especially film, television, and web content. So saying "Enterprise" had a soundtrack at the opening without specifying the nature of the song (a cheesy retread from the end credits of the film "Patch Adams") doesn't really specify how it was different at all.

    There were other problems with "Enterprise," of course. After Mssrs. Berman and Braga spent months telling us how everything was going to be different because this was an "experiment," we got 100 more 43-minute installments of a crew of telegenic bipeds with just enough ethnic/species diversity to establish the concept but not enough to scare off the southern U.S., all sitting on a bridge that looked like a slightly less obsessively clean version of the local Apple store, complete with a dashing captain, a Vulcan science officer (albeit one in a skintight jumpsuit and a story arc that took too long to really get going; plus, was she directed to act exactly like Seven of Nine or was Jolene Blalock just...there?), a socially awkward engineer, a communications officer far smarter than her role, and a helmsman with a great backstory...which we saw in roughly two or three episodes. (There might have been more in Season Four, but I tuned out after the Nazi Space Lizards. Roddenberry had already raided the studio wardrobe a few times too many while he was alive, and I wasn't enthused with the way Berman, Braga, Piller, et al did it.)

    And then at the end, just when everything started to gather steam, from what I understand, it was all just a holodream.

  2. Anonymous
    November 25, 2015 at 1:23 pm

    You've forgotten an entire series, namely the often overlooked Animated Series. IMO far superior to any of the Berman/Braga and Abrams carp.

    • Anonymous
      November 27, 2015 at 8:42 pm

      Agreed! Written by many of the best writers of the Original Series, including Dorothy "D.C." Fontana, the Animated Series continued the abbreviated five-year mission of the NBC series, and introduced the Caitians and a host of other races. There was a lot to love, including more Klingons, more Romulans, and even more Harry Mudd.

      Say...why has there not been a Harry Mudd series?

  3. Anonymous
    November 21, 2015 at 6:48 pm

    Two inaccuracies: Khan's backstory was explained in the TOS episode "Space Seed," not the JJ Trek sequel; and the first interracial kiss on television was on the TV special "Movin' with Nancy," where Sammy Davis Jr. kissed Nancy Sinatra on the cheek. The Kirk-Uhura kiss qualifies as the first interracial kiss on the *lips,* and was only allowed by censors because they were compelled to kiss by the aliens, who were telekinetic, and forced them!

    • Anonymous
      November 24, 2015 at 3:55 pm

      I always liked that Trek would sometimes revisit previous episodes and themes. The Wrath of Khan was a pretty good one, though I've always wondered if Ricardo's makeup and wardrobe assistants later were the crew behind Tina Turner in Beyond Thunderdome.....

  4. Actingman
    November 20, 2015 at 8:57 pm

    First thing we have to correct is the fifty year myth that the original show had poor ratings. The three volume series These Are The Voyages" by Marc Cushman published for the first time TOS' actual ratings. The very first episode of Trek to air (9/8/66) won it's time slot. I have not read the third volume yet about the third season, but for the first two seasons, Trek in two different time slots was always, a very strong second. In the first year Bewitched would place first, but then Trek's second half hour would often times take the lead. During the second year, it was Gomer Pyle that won the half hour, then Trek would take over. I can't remember for the first year, but for the second year, Trek was always NBC's highest rated show of the evening...increasing its audience share from the proceeding show. The myth that Trek was always in the bottom of the ratings was one Roddenberry started to gain publicity for the show and generate the letter writing campaigns to help push things along.

  5. Evan
    November 19, 2015 at 11:09 pm

    Zipped through to see the writer's take on the Abrams-abominations. Once I saw that he liked them there was no point in reading the rest.

    • Mark O'Neill
      November 20, 2015 at 4:39 am

      I quite honestly don't understand the hatred towards Abrams' movies. It would be helpful if your comment elaborated a bit more on why you hate them?

      • Kannon Yamada
        November 20, 2015 at 3:12 pm

        The best trolls leave you hanging.

        I loved reading this article, by the way Mark. The point that Evan might be trying to make is that the rebooted series has the look and feel of a Star Wars film (it's an action movie best described as a fantasy film), whereas the original series is a hardcore analysis of the issues that our current culture can't really discuss. A Utopian, idealistic society just makes all our current flaws seem so pointless and petty.

        But then all the Star Trek films have dispensed with the Utopian narrative and have been little more than fantasy-action films.

        Many of us are very skeptical about the upcoming Star Trek franchise reboot. It says a lot about our current culture that we no longer aspire to a Utopian ideal.

        • Anonymous
          November 24, 2015 at 3:45 pm

          Darn good points Kannon. You vocalized an itchy point with me that I hadn't been able to scratch. Thanks! (Though I love a ripping good action movie.)

      • Anonymous
        November 21, 2015 at 6:52 pm

        Star Trek has been traditionally been about the human social interactions of the characters, and their repercussions; JJ Trek was more of an action movie with no point and no social consequence.
        I personally hated the fistfight on the bridge in the first one - Kirk and Spock should not be fighting over the captain's chair. It cheapens the characters and serves no purpose. Most of the rest of the movie can be thrown away in the same way.
        (I've yet to watch Into Darkness - hearing JJ chanting over and over "It's not Khan!" only to find out it *was* kind of soured me on it).
        Hopefully, JJ will do better on The Force Awakens - I liked Alias, and that style might work better for Star Wars).

  6. Jake Veillette
    November 19, 2015 at 10:57 pm

    In my opinion, the JJ Abraham's movies were the most disappointing thing I have ever seen. Before this, Star Trek wasn't about getting the hottest hunks, and lens flares, and annoyingly bright sets, it was about discovering strange new worlds, and seeking out new life. Neither of those aspects were reached in the reboots, and quite frankly, I don't consider it a Star Trek movie.

    • Mark O'Neill
      November 20, 2015 at 4:41 am

      Well, what can I say? I liked them. Kirk (Shatner) and Picard were both getting boring and formulaic. Abrams, in my opinion, breathed new life into the franchise. If that makes me a heathen, then so be it, I guess :-)

  7. Michael
    November 19, 2015 at 5:53 pm

    My favourite intro by far is the one for Enterprise,which I also liked a lot,and I was sad to see it cancelled. Overall,my favourite series was TNG.

    • Kannon Yamada
      November 20, 2015 at 3:14 pm

      The last episode was really sad. I feel like with a higher budget it could have been more popular.

    • Anonymous
      November 24, 2015 at 3:42 pm

      I guess I'm a big fan of Enterprise (though TOS is my favorite) because I'm overly nostalgic. The prequel thing sits well with me almost every time. My wife says I'm really the kid from Wonder Years without the income :D

    • Anonymous
      November 24, 2015 at 3:43 pm

      PLUS PLUS PLUS T'Pol. ;)

  8. Anonymous
    November 19, 2015 at 3:46 pm

    Now that you mention it, the technology of the "new" Star Trek, looks like it is from the 25th century, not from shortly after Kirk and McCoy graduated from the Academy. Whoever was in charge of set design, blew it big time. Granted that movie-making and special effects techniques have improved by leaps and bounds between 1966 and 2009 but somebody, somewhere should have noticed that the environment is too futuristic looking.

  9. Anonymous
    November 19, 2015 at 3:26 pm

    I was less than a year old when ToS made it's NBC debut, so it's possible that I might have seen a first run episode as a toddler. I have no memory of it if I did, but I do remember watching the show on Saturdays when I was in grade school. It was at least partially responsible for my interest in computers.

    I have no problem with the updated look of the tech on the various incarnations of Trek. If our ability to provide better special effects has grown, why not make use of it? I would have been very disappointed if the rebooted Doctor Who had relied on the dated f/x of the original run.

    • Anonymous
      November 20, 2015 at 12:24 am

      " If our ability to provide better special effects has grown, why not make use of it?"
      The problem is the special effects. The problem is that the sets of 2009 remake of Star Trek look too modern for the the time period they are supposed to be portraying. It's like using a Nimitz-class aircraft carrier in "Tora, Tora, Tora" or Los Angeles-class sub in "Run Silent, Run Deep". Both movies take place during WWII.

      • Anonymous
        November 20, 2015 at 4:45 pm

        I understand your point, but it just doesn't bother me that much. I was also the guy who didn't mind when the writers of my favorite comics didn't hold hard and fast to continuity. Some are sticklers for detail, but I suppose I'm less traditional than many. In my mind, WWII is a historical event that we can look at and see what level of technology was possessed. In a movie about the time, historically accurate ships are necessary. Since Star Trek is fictional, I am more willing to look past it if they use more advanced ships than were present in the earlier versions.

  10. Anonymous
    November 19, 2015 at 2:02 pm

    Having watched Star Trek from the very beginning, the "rebooted" is rather hard to believe. The characters look like a bunch of high-school kids on space ride in an amusement park rather than members of a space navy.

    • Mark O'Neill
      November 19, 2015 at 2:41 pm

      It's also a bit ridiculous in the sense that in the reboot, everything is high tech and shiny, whereas the Original Series (set after the reboot) was all models on strings, and red bits glued onto grey bits! LOL!

      "Enterprise" suffered the same problem. They had nice ships, and then they seemed to do a time flip to crappy ships.