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The blue screen of death (BSOD) error is something every Windows user runs into sooner or later. It’s a frustrating problem, as it’s often tough to troubleshoot and can pop up out of nowhere.
We’ll walk you through some basic tips on how to solve a blue screen error, as well as provide resources for specific blue screen error codes.
What Is a Blue Screen?
In case you’re not sure, let’s first review this important Windows term.
What’s commonly called a blue screen of death is technically known as a stop error or fatal system error. This occurs when the operating system crashes, meaning it ran into some issue that prevented it from running safely. When this happens, Windows displays a blue screen with some information about the problem and then restarts.
Blue screens can happen for many reasons, which we’ll dig into below. Common BSOD causes include bad drivers, problems with hardware, and operating system errors.
Newer versions of Windows are more stable than earlier ones, so you hopefully won’t run into blue screens too often. You should also know that a blue screen occurring one time isn’t necessarily an issue. Sometimes Windows will freak out with a BSOD, then work perfectly fine after you reboot.
Thus, you should only need to dig into the following blue screen error fixes if you continually hit a blue screen.
1. Note Your Blue Screen Stop Code
It’s tough to talk about how to resolve blue screen errors without knowing the specific error you’re hitting. Thus, the best place to start with fixing blue screens is noting the actual problem.
In Windows 10, a BSOD contains a sad face, along with a simple error message. Below this, you’ll see a link to Microsoft’s blue screen troubleshooting page, a QR code, and a Stop Code field. If you want, you can scan the QR code with your phone’s camera to jump to a Microsoft support page.
The most important part is to note the stop code listed on the page, which will help you narrow your troubleshooting.
2. Try Specific Troubleshooting for Your Error Code
Now that you know what your specific issue is, you can move towards appropriate blue screen fixes. We’ve written articles on some of these:
- How to fix the Critical Process Died stop code
- Resolving the System Service Exception blue screen
- A guide to troubleshooting the Memory Management BSOD
- Fixing an Unexpected Store Exception stop error in Windows
- How to resolve Inaccessible Boot Device errors
These aren’t the only blue screen errors you’ll come across, but they’re some of the most common. In case you can’t determine your exact error code or the troubleshooting in those guides didn’t solve your issues, here are more general blue screen error solutions.
3. Review Recent Computer Changes
Many times, you’ll start seeing blue screen errors after making a change to your system. Such changes can introduce problematic elements into an otherwise stable environment. Identifying this can help your troubleshooting.
For example, if you just installed a new printer, try unplugging it from your computer and see if the blue screen persists. If you recently ran a Windows update, head to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update and click View update history.
On the next page with the list, click Uninstall updates at the top and remove the most recent update to see if that solves the problem.
The same goes for software. If you only noticed the blue screens happen after installing a new app, try removing that app.
4. Check for Windows and Driver Updates
While bad updates can introduce issues, oftentimes Microsoft and third-party companies issue updates to fix problems like these. Visit Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update and apply any pending updates, just in case they hold the fix.
It’s also important to check your drivers since they can often be a source of blue screens. Press Win + X (or right-click on the Start button) to open the power user menu. Choose Device Manager to open that utility.
Here, check for yellow triangle icons, which indicate a problem with the driver. You should double-check any devices that appear with this, as you may need to reinstall the driver or remove the device. You can right-click an entry and choose Update driver to check for updates, but this isn’t always reliable.
Instead, you should visit your computer manufacturer’s website and grab the latest drivers from there. Follow our guide to updating Windows drivers for help.
5. Run a System Restore
The System Restore feature in Windows allows you to return your system to a previous state. It’s a handy troubleshooting tool, as it’s simple to use and lets you see if your issue is software-based.
Type recovery into the Start menu and open the Recovery Control Panel entry that appears. Here, click Open System Restore to launch the tool. After clicking Next once, you’ll see a list of restore points you can return to. Select one, then hit Scan for affected programs if you want to see what software will change.
Running a System Restore doesn’t affect your files, but it will uninstall any drivers or software you’ve installed since the restore point was made. In addition, it will reinstall anything you removed since that time.
Confirm your system restore, then you can start the process. This will take a few moments, then you’ll be back to your system as it was at the time. If you don’t get blue screens after this, your problem was likely software related.
6. Scan for Malware
Malware can damage your Windows system files and result in a blue screen. You should run a scan for infection to rule out anything like this.
We recommend using the free version of Malwarebytes to run a scan. This will look for all sorts of rogue software and remove it for you. If it finds anything, reboot after the cleaning and see if your blue screen errors go away.
7. Test Your Computer Hardware
If you haven’t figured out why you’re getting a blue screen of death, you should next check your computer’s physical components. Sometimes a failing stick of RAM or similar can result in a blue screen.
We’ve showed how to test your PC for hardware failure before. Use those tools to test your system and you can plan to replace anything that’s faulty.
8. Run an SFC Scan
Windows includes a command line tool called SFC (system file checker). Running it checks for damaged Windows system files and attempts to fix them. Doing so may solve your blue screen issue.
Again, press Win + X (or right-click on the Start button) to open the power user shortcut menu. Choose Command Prompt (Admin) or Windows PowerShell (Admin), then type the following:
Give this some time to run, and you’ll see the results before long.
9. Boot Into Safe Mode
Depending on the severity of your issue, you may be able to perform all the above troubleshooting steps while working in Windows as usual. However, if you have a major issue, the blue screen errors might prevent you from working normally. In that case, you’ll need to boot into safe mode.
Safe mode allows you to load a basic Windows configuration with only the essentials that it needs to run. This prevents third-party apps from interfering with normal operation. If you can work in Safe Mode without hitting a blue screen, it’s an installed app or service that’s causing the problem.
While in Safe Mode, you can run a malware scan, use System Restore, and otherwise troubleshoot as we’ve discussed.
10. Use Advanced Tools
For deeper troubleshooting, you can utilize tools that make the information Windows dumps after it crashes easier to interpret. These are typically only for advanced users.
Follow our instructions on how to fix blue screen errors with WinDbg and BlueScreenView for help using a few of these tools.
11. Reinstall Windows
If all else fails, you’ll need to reinstall Windows on your computer. At this point you’ve ruled out drivers, hardware, malware, and software issues, so there must be some deep underlying problem on your system.
Follow our guide on resetting Windows 10 to learn the best way to do this.
Now You Know What to Do When a Blue Screen Appears
Blue screen errors are frustrating to deal with, especially because they can block you from troubleshooting properly. But after reading this, you know what a blue screen error is and how to resolve it.
For the future, you should learn to recognize the signs your computer is about to crash so you can take action beforehand.