4 Things You Didn’t Know About BitTorrent

Justin Pot 13-07-2013

bittorrent-300What do you think of when you hear the word “BitTorrent”? It probably depends on who you are. If you’re an average Internet user, you think of free stuff. If you’re the president of a large multimedia corporation you think of pirates, grabbing your goodies without paying. And if you’re not technically inclined, you think of the magical way in which your tech-savvy friends find all that great stuff they didn’t pay for.


What you might not realize is that BitTorrent is perfectly, 100 per cent legal – world wide. That’s not to say sharing and acquiring protected movies, music and software without permission is legal: it isn’t. But BitTorrent is.

Surprised to hear that? Then we should go over what BitTorrent is, how people use it, and the ways in which “piracy” and “BitTorrent” are and aren’t related.

BitTorrent Is A Protocol, Not A Provider

Technology terms are constantly used incorrectly. You’ve heard people say they “downloaded” a file to their flash drive – I know I have, and it’s infuriating. For many the term “download” simply means a file transfer – regardless of whether it’s over a network, and regardless of which way said the transfer is going. Those people are both confused and annoyed when you try to correct them, so you let them be wrong – even though it kills you a little every time.

BitTorrent, as a word, is similarly corrupted. It’s understandable, as the word can refer to two things: a peer-to-peer protocol used to share files, and the company that helps maintain that protocol.

DCF 1.0


Anyway, back to my point: people frequently say things like “I downloaded Season 3 of Game Of Thrones from BitTorrent.” Is it accurate? Not at all. BitTorrent is a protocol, not a service, and you can’t download a file from a protocol. You can download a file using a protocol, but saying you got a file “from BitTorrent” is kind of like saying you dug up some dirt “from shovel”.

You didn’t: you dug up some dirt from your yard, using a shovel. In the same way, no one downloads a file from BitTorrent – files are downloaded from other individuals, using BitTorrent.

But wait – BitTorrent is a company as well as a protocol, right? Maybe you’re downloading the files from them? That makes sense grammatically – but is just as wrong factually.

BitTorrent, Inc. Maintains The Protocol and Offers Services

If you think BitTorrent Inc. is behind the rampant piracy the protocol is famous for, you’re mostly wrong. BitTorrent Inc. is a San Francisco based company that helps maintain the open BitTorrent protocol mentioned above. The company also offers µTorrent, the best-known program for using the protocol; it’s behind BitTorrent Sync, which keeps your files up-to-date between machines From Pirate Darling To Dropbox Alternative: BitTorrent Sync Lets You Keep Your Files Synchronized Across Machines Cloud-based file sync services are easy to use and work well, but your privacy may or may not be your first priority. Not to mention the fact that these services always come with a storage... Read More ; it offers bundles of legal content; it runs a live streaming service; it sells a premium version of their µTorrent software.



But there’s one thing BitTorrent Inc. does not do: offer illegal downloads of movies, music, and software. Every file offered directly by BitTorrent Inc. is legal – and there are a lots of it. To quote their blog:

“In partnership with the Internet Archive, artists, labels and studios, we’ve made more than two million pieces of licensed, legal content available for download over the BitTorrent protocol. We’ve built a legit media ecosystem designed to close the gap between creators and fans. In 2012 alone, titles from this collection have been downloaded over 152 million times.”

Most people who use the BitTorrent protocol, of course, don’t know about these files – because they don’t get their files from BitTorrent Inc.


Bittorrent Doesn’t Spread Illegal Files…

…people do. Let’s explain a little about how BitTorrent works before we get into where these illegal files are coming from. To download files using BitTorrent, you need three things:

Anyone who has used BitTorrent before knows what a BitTorrent client is: it’s the program you use in order to download files. A .torrent file is similarly familiar: open this with your client and the download will begin. So what’s a tracker? It’s a server that helps connect your computer with other computers, making it possible to share files.

BitTorrent, Inc. does not run any trackers that connect users with content protected by copyright – nor do they offer .torrent files that point to trackers that do. Unrelated sites – most famously (but by no means exclusively) The Pirate Bay – offer links to such content. Users of such sites use BitTorrent, the protocol – and may or may not be using software from BitTorrent Inc. to do so.



But it’s worth noting that even The Pirate Bay doesn’t directly offer pirated content – they only allow users to point out to other users where to find it. Content on The Pirate Bay is put there by other users. So while it’s somewhat accurate to say you found The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey on The Pirate Bay, it’s a non-sequitur to say you found it on BitTorrent. And while it’s common to say you downloaded the film from The Pirate Bay, it’s also not accurate: you downloaded it from other users of The Pirate Bay using BitTorrent.

It’s a far more precise way of speaking than is strictly necessary, and I’m not saying everyone needs to check a chart before any sentence about file sharing. I only mean to point out how this all actually works.

Which reminds me: you could argue that the BitTorrent Inc. profits from the transfer of illegal files, as it monetizes the best-known software for using BitTorrent with a premium version and advertisements – both of which make BitTorrent Inc. a profit regardless of whether the files being transferred are, shall we say, legal.

Sometimes BitTorrent Is Used Legally

Here’s something a surprising number of governments and media companies don’t seem to realize: BitTorrent has perfectly legal uses. Anyone who uses Linux regularly already knows this – BitTorrent’s long been the best way to grab the latest version of your favorite distro.


But there are plenty of sites out there you can use to find legal torrents – Angela outlined 11 last year How to Find Legal Torrents Online: The Best Sources Here are all the best online sources to find legal torrents. With these, you can download lots of content for free! Read More , offering everything from Creative Commons content to software updates, and even public domain movies. Check it out to find out sites filled of completely legal torrents.


Okay, so, in review: you cannot download an illegal file from BitTorrent. You can download an illegal file using BitTorrent, the protocol, but BitTorrent, the company, does not offer such files. The collection of links needed to download such files are offered by other sites entirely – and even those are primarily contributed by other people.

Got it? Good. Now point to any other sources of legal torrents you know about in the comments below, along with any inevitable corrections. Looking forward to it!

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  1. Sarath Krishna
    April 8, 2015 at 4:06 pm

    Hai justin,iam from India.Iam not a techie..but i often use the bit torrent to download my favourite movies.Your article helped me to know exactly what bittorrent is all about.My friend told that keeping the upload limit minimum helps in faster download.Is it true?Is it Ok to keep both limits as unlimited?Can you suggest any better bittorrent client other than utorrent?Also please give me some tips to stay away from virus and malware while downloading.i know my questions sounds lame but I certainly dont know..Thank you

    • Justin Pot
      April 8, 2015 at 6:29 pm

      Hey Sarath! To your questions:

      1. Limiting the upload speed won't speed up your downloads, but it might make using your computer a little more pleasant if you plan to use it while downloading.
      2. Keeping both as unlimited is fine, use these limits only if you find the web unusable without them.
      3. I quite like Deluge as an alternative to uTorrent. Transmission is also quite nice.
      4. Only download from sites you know you can trust.

      I hope this is helpful.

  2. Justin
    August 19, 2013 at 9:23 pm

    Bittorrent is also the name of a program that uses that protocol. So, I fail to follow your point and quit reading this article. It is also a lot easier to say that you downloaded something from Bittorrent than naming each IP that you downloaded it off of. lol.

  3. Stephen R
    July 18, 2013 at 11:22 am

    Bitorrent is getting messed up..... The US is ruining it 4 all... My ISP has cracked down big time. Great protocol but what can you do, its time 4 a new P2P era

    • Justin Pot
      July 18, 2013 at 3:09 pm

      Piracy over any protocol will be cracked down on eventually, I think.

      • Rex H
        July 30, 2013 at 12:02 am

        But why do ISP's crack down on protocols that are legit and have very legal purpose? Just because some use it for illegal purposes the rest are punished?

        • Justin Pot
          July 30, 2013 at 1:31 am

          Some crack down on the entire protocol out of ignorance, but most of the time they're specifically cracking down on piracy.

  4. Geoff
    July 17, 2013 at 7:14 am

    I have read your article about bit-torrent and still I have the unnerving feeling in me that chills to the bone. I can't get it out of my head that using this protocol is illegal and would result (if I had the desire as a DJ to acquire music) in imprisonment &/or the loss of my dwelling from pro licensed music companies etc who would react against my " file transfer" !

    • Justin Pot
      July 17, 2013 at 5:40 pm

      Downloading music illegally is a problem, though probably safe. Downloading Linux or public domain files is perfectly legal.

      • Len
        July 17, 2013 at 6:48 pm

        Downloading music in Canada is legal.

  5. Amir M
    July 16, 2013 at 4:42 pm

    great article, explains a lot about the bittorrent, since i'm coming from a country that "doesnt care" about piracy but i thought that using it for example in the states is illegal but au contraire it is not like that at all
    thanks Justin

    • Justin Pot
      July 16, 2013 at 6:11 pm

      Glad you liked the article. What country are you in, Amir?

      • Amir M
        July 16, 2013 at 6:49 pm

        i am from the Republic Of Kosovo

  6. Kendall S
    July 16, 2013 at 1:49 am

    great information thanks alot for it

  7. Gatz
    July 15, 2013 at 8:51 pm

    so useless... quite a rubbish article
    as Simakuutio said, some real gems that not everyone knows about would have been more interesting, not writing about something that everyone can pick it up from wikipedia

  8. Mario
    July 15, 2013 at 7:49 pm

    Its a tool to download everything something is illegal to install in your pc ,
    so you have to pay for that software....

    But the users doesn't sell the software to you so that's not illegal.

  9. Rudi N
    July 15, 2013 at 1:35 pm

    I think I'll be bookmarking this page for the next time someone asks me what it's all about, because working as an IT techie around people who seemingly don't have a clue, this kind of information would save me 30 minutes every now and then.

  10. R.s. H
    July 14, 2013 at 7:39 pm

    Things like this really disrupt the flow of a story, "and there are a lots of it" also "and regardless of which way said the transfer is going". It completely disengages me the reader. This is why I stopped visiting In a story where you are correcting the way people say things it is best to make sure your dead-on with your writings otherwise you lose validity. I'm off to download some files from TPB.

    • ScottK
      July 16, 2013 at 6:32 pm

      " is best to make sure your dead-on..."

      Uh, that would be "you're". Things like this completely disrupt the flow of a comment. In a comment where you are correcting the author it is best to make sure you're dead-on with your spellings, otherwise you lose validity.

      Just sayin'... :)

  11. Simakuutio
    July 14, 2013 at 8:45 am

    I knew all those four things in this list... pretty basic stuff... this article was such a misleading with it's topic. How about digging some real gems very few know about bittorrent... if you know what you're writing about, shouldn't be too hard...

    • Justin Pot
      July 14, 2013 at 3:08 pm

      I think if you knew all that you're better informed than most, but perhaps I should dig into BitTorrent a bit more and find some gems. I'll let you know.

    • Dan
      July 14, 2013 at 3:46 pm

      Wow, you must be the coolest in every room you walk into.

  12. Eric J
    July 14, 2013 at 2:51 am

    good explanation.

  13. Brandon L
    July 13, 2013 at 9:53 pm

    Best download manager around.