14 Free and Open Source Alternatives for Paid Software

Danny Stieben 01-10-2013

Don’t waste money on software for personal use! Not only do free alternatives exist, they most likely offer all the features you need and may be easier and safer to use.


Every single day, you are using a diverse mix of software and you may have come to believe that you need a commercial product for one of your tasks. Did you know that — for personal use — high quality, free, and open source alternatives are available in virtually any software category? Sounds good, doesn’t it? I’ve highlighted 14 different applications that are either free or open source and can keep your wallet from going on an unwanted diet.

Why Open Source?

What exactly is free and open source software? While the concept of free software is easy to understand in a financial sense of the word, software can also be free in the sense of freedom. Open source software is well known to give you freedom while using the program. An open source program is defined as an application whose code is readily available for anyone who wants it. This gives people the freedom to use it, to share it, to modify it for their own needs, and to study it. This also makes programs arguably more secure because, since anyone can study the code, people can report issues they find so that the developers can fix them rather than have those issues go undiscovered.

Antivirus – Norton/Kaspersky vs. Avast!/AVG

$69.99+/year for 3 PCs vs. FREE

The most common misconception about antivirus software is that you have to buy one for it to be any good. There are a lot of options for paid antivirus programs, but a lot of people will end up going for solutions like Symantec/Norton or Kaspersky. Reasons for using these include:

  • Guaranteed support (and often cheaper upgrades for next year’s version)
  • Includes other services, such as malicious website detectors, secure password generators, and other “Internet security” tools

While antivirus software is important to have, I don’t think you need to pay for it. Instead, you can grab the free version of Avast! or AVG and practice some common sense while browsing the Internet. Reasons for using the free version include:

  • Get the same level of virus protection as the paid product
  • Speed up your system with a leaner antivirus program
  • You can easily follow common safe Internet browsing practices to replace the “Internet security” features

For more great free antivirus applications, check out this list of the 10 best free antivirus programs The 10 Best Free Antivirus Software No matter what computer you're using, you need antivirus protection. Here are the best free antivirus tools you can use. Read More .


Browser – Internet Explorer vs. Google Chrome

Free (Proprietary) vs. FREE and Mostly Open Source

The browser is arguably the most important piece of software on your computer, as most computer users use the Internet today — a lot. Everything online is done in your browser, so it’s important to make sure it works well and provides the features you need and want. The “paid” software in this category is Internet Explorer. Reasons for using it include:

  • Good system integration with Windows (example: Internet Options can be found in the Control Panel)
  • Legacy web applications and older websites may still require its compatibility mode.

Instead of Internet Explorer, I recommend that you try using Google Chrome The Easy Guide to Google Chrome This Chrome user guide shows everything you need to know about the Google Chrome browser. It covers the basics of using Google Chrome that is important for any beginner. Read More . It’s based off of the open source Chromium project, but it isn’t an entirely open source application because it includes a few extras from Google on top of Chromium. It is completely free, and there are many reasons to use it:

  • Strong standards support for modern websites
  • Allows synchronization of personal data by logging into your Google account
  • Very speedy thanks to components such as its V8 Javascript engine
  • Uses a secure model to proactively reduce the amount of potential attacks on your system
  • Offers a vast extension library full of popular names

Besides Chrome, I can also recommend Firefox The User's Guide to Firefox Does your current browser have advanced security options? Does it sync your settings across devices? Can you manage your tabs easily? These are all things Firefox can do for you. Read More . It offers many of the same features as Google Chrome (with slight adjustments or substitutes, such as Mozilla-based synchronization feature and a different security model) and is a viable replacement for both browsers. Unlike Google Chrome, Firefox is completely free and open source, no questions asked.

Email – Outlook vs. Gmail

$109.99+ vs. FREE

Traditionally speaking, people have resorted to an email client to manage all of their email accounts. The preferred email client has always been Outlook, which costs $109.99 by itself or $219.99+ when bought with a version of Office which includes Outlook. Reasons for using it include:


If you don’t need enterprise-level features (which are confusing and don’t translate into an enjoyable email experience anyway), then use something meant for you, the regular user/consumer. For non-enterprise environments, I recommend using Gmail The Beginner's Guide to Gmail You may already have a Gmail account. Or, you're thinking about signing up for one. This guide has everything you need to make the most of that shiny new Gmail account. Read More . Reasons for choosing to use it include:

  • Powerful filters
  • Sorts email based on algorithmically-computed importance
  • Email is accessible on any computer with a browser and internet connection, so no more downloading emails or synchronizing them
  • Easy to connect to your Gmail account on mobile devices

Gmail really is a joy to use, but if you’d still prefer an email client, I’d recommend Thunderbird. It’s completely free and open source, and offers most of the same features as Outlook (minus the Exchange support, primarily). In fact, Ryan recommends five extensions for Thunderbird that could make it better than Gmail 5 Thunderbird Add-Ons That Will Make it Better Than Gmail For many years, I switched between a whole range of email clients. First I went with Outlook Express. Then I bought a new computer and decided to test the waters with Thunderbird. Once Gmail became... Read More .

Office Suite – Microsoft Office vs. LibreOffice

$139+ vs. FREE and Open Source

Virtually everyone needs to install an office suite in order to access documents, presentations, and spreadsheets sent to you by friends, classmates, colleagues, and others. If you’re looking for a paid product in this category, the only way to go is Microsoft Office. The reasons for using it are:

  • Contains the most features, such as highly capable macros and advanced spelling and grammar checker
  • Often comes pre-installed on your system
  • The standard formats used worldwide are Microsoft Office formats; they offer guaranteed compatibility

If you’re not so keen on spending that much money on an office suite (or $99.99/year or $9.99/month for the new Office 365 subscription service), the best alternative would be LibreOffice LibreOffice - A Free Office Suite For Windows, Linux & Mac Read More . Reasons for using it include:

  • Includes basic and mid-level features (the more advanced it gets, the more likely it’s not supported or not compatible with Office)
  • Familiar interface which looks more like Office 2003 (before the Ribbon was introduced)
  • Compatibility is decent, even on the newer .docx, .pptx, .xlsx formats.

Of course, the big issue with LibreOffice is that it isn’t perfectly compatible with Microsoft Office — nor will it ever be. Three other options include WPS Office, Google Drive, and SkyDrive OneDrive vs Google Drive - Which Is Best for Office Productivity? As the push towards web apps has evolved, we're now met with two powerful cloud solutions -- SkyDrive and Google Drive. These two options offer all the tools needed for file synchronization and office productivity.... Read More . WPS Office is a separate office application suite WPS Office For Linux Looks As Good As MS Office, Performs Even Better Read More which emulates the Ribbon interface, but it’s compatibility is subpar and doesn’t even cover the newer formats. Google Drive and SkyDrive don’t offer much past the basic features, but at least you have all of your work online so it won’t get lost and you can work on any computer with a browser. At least with SkyDrive, you’ll have better document compatibility.

You can also check out even more alternatives to Microsoft Office The 7 Best Free Microsoft Office Alternatives Microsoft Office is the king of office suites, but that doesn't mean it's the right one for you. Here are some other office suites you might like better! Read More .

If compatibility is absolutely crucial for all possible features, then you’ll have to stick with Microsoft Office.

Image Editing – Adobe Photoshop vs. GIMP

$19.99+/month vs. FREE and Open Source

I highly doubt that anyone hasn’t heard of Photoshop yet, and there are many reasons why this is the case. It’s an excellent tool, and Adobe definitely asks for a good chunk of your money to use it. Despite its expensive price, some reasons for using it include:

  • Simplified workflows
  • Innovative features such as content-aware resizing
  • De facto tool used by the professionals

Despite the many things that Photoshop has going for it, you can use GIMP to virtually replace Photoshop (especially if you don’t have professional-level needs). Reasons for using GIMP include:

  • Provides virtually all of the same features
  • Features not included can be accounted for via plugins
  • Decent compatibility with PSD files
  • Cross platform

As mentioned above, in order to make up for some of the shortcomings of GIMP, you can install certain plugins that can provide some additional functionality such as RAW image processing or content-aware resizing. It’s not a perfect replacement, but it is capable of doing a whole lot. There are a lot of keyboard shortcuts, and tutorials on how to cartoonify your photos How To Cartoonify Your Photos With GIMP Read More , swap faces How to Put Your Face on a Different Body Using GIMP How would your face look on a celebrity's body? You can find out! Here's how to superimpose a head on another body using GIMP. Read More , create speech bubbles How To Create Speech Bubbles For Screenshots In GIMP Read More , and more. I’d recommend GIMP for everyone except professionals that really need to use every advanced feature on Photoshop.

Besides GIMP, there is also Paint.NET, a free application that provides similar functionality. Although it’s an excellent application, Photoshop and GIMP tend to be preferred over Paint.NET.

Vector Graphics Editing – Adobe Illustrator vs. Inkscape

$19.99+/month vs. FREE and Open Source

While this isn’t quite something that everyday people might dive into, vector graphics editing is still interesting to mess around with (with the right tutorials, of course). For those who don’t know, vector graphics are similar to regular graphics created in Photoshop and similar applications, but these use vectors instead of pixels so they are much more scalable without sacrificing quality at any resolution level. The preferred paid application for this category would be Adobe Illustrator, and here are some reasons why you would use it:

  • Offers advanced features such as:
    • Edit SVG source directly
    • Clones, tiled clones, edit clones on canvas
    • Keys to move/rotate/scale by screen pixels
    • Shapes as objects
    • Edit gradients with handles on-canvas
    • Edit nodes with keyboard
    • One-click paint bucket fill
    • Color painting over objects
  • As an Adobe product, Illustrator is seen as the professional standard. If you are interested in going into this field, having Illustrator is a must (as well as CorelDraw).

If spending $20 every month just for Illustrator is too much on your wallet, you can take a look at Inkscape instead. Besides being free and open source, here are  a few reasons why you would use it:

  • Provides most SVG features besides the Illustrator-specific ones listed above
  • Cross platform, so you can share your work with any other person — they can install Inkscape!

Noticing two Adobe products on here? You can also continue replacing the rest of the Adobe creative suite Say Goodbye to Adobe Creative Suite Read More .

Media Playback – Splash Pro EX Player vs. VLC Media Player

$29.95 vs. FREE and Open Source

Finally, we look at media playback. If the default Windows Media Player just isn’t cutting it for you, some popular paid media players such as Splash Pro EX Player may be on your wishlist. Reasons for using it include:

  • Plays back most audio and video formats
  • You can export media to different formats
  • Uses acceleration technologies such as NVIDIA CUDA and Intel QuickSync
  • As a paid product, you get customer support if there are any issues

Despite this feature list, I really recommend that you go with VLC Media Player The VLC Media Player - Does it Really Play Everything? Read More . This free and open source media player offers more than enough reasons for you to use it:

  • Plays virtually any format imaginable
  • Offers hardware acceleration which should be enough to play 1080p videos or even 4K videos
  • Lightweight and cross platform

Although VLC doesn’t provide export functionality, I wouldn’t necessarily think that a media player should be able to do that. In case you do want that feature, you can also use Handbrake for video transcoding. It allows you to move between practically any format, so it’ll get the job done for sure.


There are plenty of other open source alternatives for various paid applications, but these are the main ones which most people can and will want to use. Additionally, there are other open source applications that could apply for the categories mentioned above, but I’ve chosen to exclude them because they’re simply not among the top choices.

For more great applications, check out our Best Windows Software page!

What open source applications do you use in place of paid software? Would you consider replacing the entire operating system itself? Let us know in the comments!

Image Credit: Joybot

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  1. Dave
    December 26, 2016 at 1:19 am

    VLC actually provide export functionality. It's not very intuitive, but work greatly.

  2. Shirlee
    November 19, 2016 at 7:05 pm

    Thanks! I needed to know how to save the form after I filled it in, and you helped me! (Didn't realize the save as PDF was built into the Print option, doh!)

  3. joni
    August 12, 2016 at 5:34 am

    VLC is crap sofare for playing video files... try potplayer.. its the best video player out there

  4. Sean
    April 18, 2016 at 8:54 am

    the Free in FOSS, doesn't refer to price. You know this, right? It's Free as in Free Speech. It comes from the Free Software Movement (i.e. If you wanna refer to price of FOSS that doesn't cost any money, just say Price: $0; seriously. Would make my day.

  5. Saurabh Bansal
    February 26, 2014 at 3:13 pm

    Hi, I manage a website which provides open source alternatives for popular commercial software. Here's the link: Check it out!

  6. Ketim
    October 23, 2013 at 12:12 pm

    BTW I didn't know about Inkscape, and it's good to know there's a free alternative for almost every piece of sofware.

  7. Ketim
    October 23, 2013 at 12:11 pm

    I am definitively considering to change the whole OS. Ubuntu 13 looks pretty awesome. I'm making some research to confirm if all my programs have an equivalent free version or if available on Linux. I currently use Avast, Kingsoft (runs very smoothly and looks great) and a bunch of freeware or open source.

  8. CoolPenguin
    October 22, 2013 at 9:05 pm

    No mention of FOSS operating systems like Linux Mint? I'm assuming these aren't included because explaining the myriads of reasons to kick microsoft to the curb for good would require another full article?

    Calibre for handling ebooks is another FOSS alternative that deserves mention.

    • Danny S
      October 31, 2013 at 9:37 pm

      Pretty much. I've written plenty of Linux articles, and I'm sure there's another I could write to explaining the reasoning why people could switch.

  9. Muhammad A
    October 22, 2013 at 8:42 am

    VLC is my favourite. I am also using Avast free antivirus and it works fine.

  10. Dubiaku
    October 12, 2013 at 11:45 pm

    The one thing I would definitely recommend against is installing Google Chrome. From beginning to end, it is trouble, from the fact that it refuses to honor normal Windows security by installing in the Program Files folder to the fact that it installs services, updates itself, and sends keystrokes from other browsers to Google without the knowledge of most users. It also assigns a unique identifier to your computer so that it knows what comes from where no matter where you connect. (The identifier can be defeated if you know how.)

    In short, Chrome is itself a bad infection. Stick with the unbesmirched Chromium browser or one of its variants, like SRWare Iron or Comodo Dragon.

  11. Gary Molitor
    October 4, 2013 at 11:17 pm

    Email – Outlook vs. Gmail. Forgitaboudit. Eudora has been and will aways be miles ahead of either one.

  12. John Schmitt
    October 3, 2013 at 12:38 pm

    For the things that GIMP does not do, Paint.Net is a great app as well!

  13. Chaitanya Kapoor
    October 3, 2013 at 8:14 am

    Kingsoft office is also a good replacement for MS Office

  14. Mario L
    October 3, 2013 at 2:42 am

    Excellent recommendations, Danny! Thanks for a great note!

  15. Vinod
    October 3, 2013 at 1:07 am

    I tried libre office but somehow MS office makes this programe corrupt. I do not know how or why. I uninstalled MS Office but Libre office got corrupted twice and I had to uninstall it. Otherwise I found LIbre office more pleasant and far superior to MS Office

    • Vinod
      October 18, 2013 at 2:51 pm

      The worst thing is that Libre office and open office hasn't any clipboard facility.

  16. Bruce E
    October 2, 2013 at 5:46 am

    Your comparison of Outlook and Gmail is simply comparing apples to oranges. Outlook is an email client which should have been compared to Thunderbird or a similar email client. Gmail is an email service which would be better compared to (which is still a free service, although it lacks IMAP support and the junk mail filters can't be disabled, the combination of which sucks for those of us who have several email accounts across multiple services who wish to use a single email client for all of them & keep the accounts synced).

  17. Chris H
    October 2, 2013 at 3:20 am

    Personally, I love Paint.NET for basic image editing. If all you need is the basic stuff -- cropping, resizing, and so on -- it beats GIMP with a nicer interface, in my opinion.

  18. Manuth C
    October 2, 2013 at 1:24 am

    When I took the test for Cisco Networking Academy, only IE and Firefox are supported.

  19. fraud
    October 2, 2013 at 1:09 am

    kingsoft office is one of the alternative for microsoft office and its also had ribbon interface...recomended for those who love microsoft office so much..

  20. David
    October 2, 2013 at 12:09 am

    It looks like GIMP UI has improved much since I last checked. It used to have a funky UI different from mainstream photo editors.

    Hence I stuck with Paint.NET. Similar UI to Photoshop with a lot less bloat, and can do most of what you want except advanced features and PSD support.

    And for Paint.NET that's cross platform, check out Pinta.

    • Danny S
      October 31, 2013 at 9:36 pm

      Yeah, GIMP's UI was much improved thanks to the single-window mode. Feels much better this way.

  21. bart
    October 1, 2013 at 9:12 pm

    Thunderbird boys

  22. kenny roger
    October 1, 2013 at 8:01 pm

    Alternative for Outlook in Office would be

  23. Juan D
    October 1, 2013 at 7:48 pm

    as someone who pushed the idea, and succeeded, of abandoning ms office for libreoffice, i can say its a great choice

  24. infmom
    October 1, 2013 at 6:55 pm

    Another alternative to Office (although not free) is to look for a previous version for sale on eBay or another such site. I bought Office 2007 (a 3 license pack) for a lot less than the current version and it worked perfectly.

  25. Djordje D
    October 1, 2013 at 5:51 pm

    Also check out sk1 and newer redesigned version of it named PrintDesign which is soon going to be fully developed for all platforms (Win, Mac, Linux) and has all the features we printers need like support for CMYK! That is the only thing i miss with OpenSource software. Inkscape and Gimp are awesome, but sadly not very confident dealing with printing industry demands. TAnd you forgot to mention Scribus as an alternative ti InDesign. :)

    • Danny S
      October 31, 2013 at 9:35 pm

      Ah, thanks for the tips!

  26. Shawn C
    October 1, 2013 at 4:48 pm

    MS does have discount options available for many applications, such as MS Office. Some of the discounts include a student/education discount, as well as the Home User Program. Although not free, I was able to purchase MS Office 2013 for $9.99 using the Home User Program.

    • Danny S
      October 31, 2013 at 9:35 pm

      True (I got my mandatory copy of Office with student pricing), but you still end up paying money for a proprietary product. All of these don't cost a dime. :)

  27. Hans
    October 1, 2013 at 4:39 pm

    You are mixing services with programs, is as free as Gmail is.

    • Paul G
      October 3, 2013 at 2:50 am

      No Hans, Danny Stieben is NOT mixing anything!

      He is writing about Microsoft's® Outlook® mail software ( ) not the renamed Hotmail service.

    • me
      October 4, 2013 at 7:01 am

      yes he did, as you point out he is mixing mail software with a gmail (email service)

    • Obinna O
      October 28, 2013 at 9:11 am

      Indeed, Danny is mixing things up which is confusing. or is a free web-based service like But Microsoft outlook mail client software is part of Microsoft it is not free...

    • Danny S
      October 31, 2013 at 9:34 pm

      Alternatives don't always have to be different programs. :)