Could I have the procedure for downloading apps from the Android Market on my PC and transferring them to my Samsung Galaxy S 2?
Go to https://market.android.com/ from computer., and sign in with your Google credentials.
3 Ways to Install Applications On Android Without The Market
or without the market
1)Copy the APK file you want to install to your phone's memory card and insert the card into your Android phone.
2)Go to Android Market and search for the Application Installer, App Installer, z-App Installer or Astro File Manager and then browse to the APK and install it.
3)Open it and click on the Install button.
4)Open file manager. It will show you all the APK files stored directly in the root directory of your memory card.
5)click on the application you want to install and it will be installed.