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There was mass outcry when Microsoft stopped supporting XP Support For Windows XP, Google Camera App, First Heartbleed Arrest [Tech News Digest] Support For Windows XP, Google Camera App, First Heartbleed Arrest [Tech News Digest] Custom Support for Windows XP, Google Camera app, first Heartbleed arrest, personalized Microsoft Bing, Tuckaway Stand on Kickstarter, Samsung vs. Steve Jobs' ghost, and Super Mario wine. Read More a little over a year ago. It meant “Windows Update” patches would no longer be released, and the creaking OS would become increasingly vulnerable.

At the same time that support was stopped, Microsoft also announced that Microsoft Security Essentials would no longer be available for download on XP – though they confirmed that if you already had it installed, you’d continue to receive anti-malware updates for a limited time.

That limited time has now ended.

A Slow Death

Windows XP is dying. With the launch of Windows 10 Windows 10 Release Day: Everything You Need to Know Windows 10 Release Day: Everything You Need to Know The final version of Windows will be released on July 29th, but a lot of things remain nebulous. We have compiled the answers to the most frequently asked questions around Windows 10 and its release. Read More now less than a week away, Microsoft is keen to finally condemn the 14 year old operating system to the annals of history.

At the time of its release it was hugely popular. It was arguably the first OS that saw mass adoption in offices and homes around the world, and at its zenith in 2007 it controlled 76.1 percent of the market.

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In more recent times XP’s popularity has caused issues for Microsoft, with the question of how to get people and businesses to upgrade to newer versions of Windows being a difficult one to solve.

Unsurprising News

In fairness to Microsoft, the end of Microsoft Security Essentials updates for XP is probably the least surprising technological news of 2015.

When they announced that support was only for a limited time, it was made abundantly clear that it was only done as a way to ensure the last XP diehards were not left exposed whilst they made the switch to a newer OS.

Popups were inserted into the Security Essentials interface warning users of the inevitable, while Microsoft themselves openly said last year that “Any PC running Windows XP should not be considered protected … We strongly recommend that you complete your migration to a supported operating system as soon as possible”.

mse-warning

What Does It Mean?

All anti-virus and anti-malware software needs to keep an up-to-date list of the latest security threats that are circling the web.

When you consider that Kaspersky Lab is detecting more than 315,000 malicious new files every day and Panda Security claims there are approximately 30,000,000 new malware threats each year, it becomes clear that keeping your anti-virus list updated is a vital part of modern computing.

Without such a list, there is no way for the software to know if you’re being attacked.

The end of support for Microsoft Security Essentials means it will no longer receive the necessary new signatures (lists) to detect the latest malware. If you’re still using XP, you are now a prime target for those 315,000 malicious files.

Furthermore, support for the Malicious Software Removal Tool (MSRT) has also been halted. In the past this was an integral part of XP users’ ability to restore their machine if a virus did manage to slip through undetected. It used to receive new definitions on a monthly basis, but as of the 14th July it no longer receives updates.

It means that if you get a virus (which you almost certainly will), you’re going to have a really tough time to remove it – all your files, data, and personal information will be at risk.

What Can You Do?

Research suggests that despite the warnings, the lack of support, and the clear security risks, Windows XP still has about a 10-12 percent market share (Net Applications placed it at 11.98 percent in June 2015).

While a large chuck of that 12 percent is on the corporate side (approximately 90 percent of global ATMs are still using XP), it still means tens of millions of home users are now brutally exposed.

The advice from MakeUseOf (and every other technology site on the Internet) is clear – stop using XP, now.

A lot of XP machines can run Windows 7 or 8, and Microsoft supply a tool on their website that will assess your machine and establish how well it will run with the newer operating systems.

If you find that your computer can’t handle one of the new Microsoft releases but you can’t afford a new machine, you could consider making the jump to Linux The Best Linux Distros for First Time Switchers from Windows and Mac The Best Linux Distros for First Time Switchers from Windows and Mac Linux has an intimidating image, making it seem like it would be difficult to start using it. But the switch from Windows and Mac is actually pretty easy, if you can ease yourself into it. Read More . Many Linux distros have been designed to either mimic XP The Best Linux Distributions For Windows XP Refugees The Best Linux Distributions For Windows XP Refugees Read More or at least use the same amount of system resources, and you’re certain to find one that is a good match for your needs. As an inherently secure OS, switching to Linux makes a lot of sense in these circumstances.

Finally, you could consider buying a Chromebook – they are a lot cheaper than regular computers and are a great alternative for XP users Forget Linux – A Chromebook is the Perfect Replacement for Windows XP Forget Linux – A Chromebook is the Perfect Replacement for Windows XP Ever since Microsoft announced that the operating system would no longer be supported there has been a debate around how its last advocates should proceed. An alternative OS needs to be found – but which... Read More .

Other XP Anti-Viruses

Sadly, plenty of people will choose to ignore the abundant advice and carry on regardless. A cursory Google search already reveals lots of users looking for alternative anti-virus software Why You Should Replace Microsoft Security Essentials With A Proper Antivirus Why You Should Replace Microsoft Security Essentials With A Proper Antivirus Read More .

This is a terrible idea – even if we overlook the fact support for XP has now stopped entirely, any replacement AV would only be a stop-gap – regardless which you choose, support for it will not last much longer.

For the developers of anti-virus programs, to continue supporting XP is fighting a lost cause that will ultimately harm their reputation. It’s akin to trying to fix a burst water pipe with a plaster.

If you really insist, make sure you choose one of the market leading AV providers What Is The Best Free Antivirus Software? [MakeUseOf Poll] What Is The Best Free Antivirus Software? [MakeUseOf Poll] Because no matter how careful you are when using the Internet, it's always advisable to have antivirus software installed on your computer. Yes, even Macs. Read More rather than cause yourself more problems with a little-known alternative that promises great things.

What Will You Do?

Are you still running XP? What are you going to do? What will eventually force you to abandon the antique OS and upgrade to something more modern and more secure?

As ever, we’d love to hear from you. Let us know your thoughts and feedback in the comments section below.

  1. Jacob Butts
    September 6, 2016 at 8:01 pm

    I am retired and living on fixed income. Can't afford new computer or new soft ware. Am relying on Avast free anti vurus protection but it has slowed my Dell down considerably. Should I take steps to remove Microsoft essentials and will that restore some of the speed lost? My computer use is primarily for recreation and e-mail (gmail).

  2. Jeffrey Baitis
    September 27, 2015 at 8:20 am

    It's nearly October 2015, and I just successfully installed Security Essentials on an old Windows XP machine by using the POS registry trick.

    • Jeffrey Baitis
      September 27, 2015 at 8:21 am

      [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\WPA\PosReady]
      "Installed"=dword:00000001

  3. Michael Weldon
    July 30, 2015 at 10:43 am

    In all honesty, if you're STILL soldiering on with XP, you're not really in touch with reality any more. It's unsupported, and daily, more and more people are washing their hands of it.

    The biggest claim is that 'I can't afford a new computer', or 'I can't afford to upgrade...it costs too much, and my machine is too old for the system'. Do what I did; switch to Linux. As one of the other posters has noted, many Linux distros are designed to run on XP-era hardware (so no need to buy new).....and all Linux distros (with a very few exceptions) are free to download , burn to CD, and install.

    And best of all, Linux is inherently secure. No need for antivirus software constantly running in the back ground, using up the usually limited resources of XP-era machines.

    And the old saw about Linux being very hard to set up, and get running, doesn't really apply anymore. There is such a wealth of information and experience on the Linux user's forums, that it's extremely unusual if your 'problem' can't be sorted out in fairly short order.

    What have you got to lose?

  4. Craig M. Rosenblum
    July 29, 2015 at 7:14 am

    I used to really love Windows. But since XP, their ideas just are not very appealing or trustworthy anymore.

    This is why I switched to Linux, although I am dual-booting win7/Debian.

    Not to start any os flamewars. But I think Microsoft has lost touch with reality, what real users need and want.

    While I love all games and software that come on the Windows OS, I just do not trust to provide a stable and secure computing platform anymore.

  5. likefun butnot
    July 28, 2015 at 10:50 pm

    Microsoft Security Essentials isn't even anti-virus software. It's an Anti-Malware application, and not even a particularly good one.

    I'd argue that anyone still using MSE as their primary security application would be better served by occasional scans using Malwarebytes in combination with as much ad-blocking as humanly possible.

    I also think that there's a tipping point past which the resource drain of AV software causes more problems than it solves. It's up to the individual user, but if someone is still trying to run up to date antivirus software on a machine with a Windows XP or Vista license, they're probably not doing themselves any favors.

    • A41202813GMAIL ..
      July 29, 2015 at 3:10 pm

      I Use A Dual Core Machine With 4GB Of RAM.

      No Problems, Whatsoever.

      Cheers.

  6. A41202813GMAIL ..
    July 28, 2015 at 3:36 pm

    Everybody Wants To Kill XP.

    POS M$ Is Hiding Their Legacy Software From Normal Users ? - Who Cares ?

    Lots Of Browsers Still Support It.

    Lots Of AntiMalware Software Still Support It.

    Do You Need More Speed With It ? - Buy Custom Recent Hardware And You Can Still Use It For Many Years.

    Waiting For Me To Downgrade ? - Good Luck With That - Holding Your Breath Is Optional.

    XPOCALYPSE FOREVER !

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