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The United Kingdom recently made itself one of the best places in the world to test driverless cars How Self-Driving Cars Will Change Transportation Forever How Self-Driving Cars Will Change Transportation Forever As we move into 2015, the question is no longer whether self-driving cars will replace manually driven cars, but how quickly they'll take over. Read More , thanks to a very hands-off approach to autonomous vehicle regulation.

In the U.S., efforts to regulate self-driving cars have led to nothing but headaches. The federal government has issued no official guidance, and the few states that allow the testing of autonomous cars each have their own requirements in terms of driver training Don't Be A Fender Bender: 5 Driving Simulators That Teach Road Safety Don't Be A Fender Bender: 5 Driving Simulators That Teach Road Safety Online car simulator programs are for entertainment and education purposes only. After all, the arrow keys are hardly a steering wheel. They cannot teach you how to drive. But they can give you a feel... Read More , DMV inspections, special license plates, and insurance. Complying with all of the relevant rules could prove to be a logistical nightmare for companies like Google.

The UK is taking a different approach. There will be no geographical limitations, no special permits, and no additional insurance required. Anything goes.

“The aim is to achieve a light-touch, non-regulatory approach which provides the clarity industry needs to invest in further research and development while maintaining safety,” the Department for Transport said in a report.

Under the “code of practice” expected to finalize shortly, car makers may begin testing driverless cars on public streets anywhere in the UK. The only requirements? Test vehicles must have a trained driver at the wheel along with an onboard data recorder gathering information such as speed, location, steering and braking inputs, and whether the car is operating in autonomous mode.

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Why Driverless Cars?

The UK is right to be excited about driverless car technology How Self-Driving Cars Work: The Nuts and Bolts Behind Google's Autonomous Car Program How Self-Driving Cars Work: The Nuts and Bolts Behind Google's Autonomous Car Program Being able to commute back and forth to work while sleeping, eating, or catching up on your favorite blogs is a concept that is equally appealing and seemingly far-off and too futuristic to actually happen. Read More , for a couple of reasons.

First and foremost, in their testing to date, self-driving cars Here's How We'll Get to a World Filled With Driverless Cars Here's How We'll Get to a World Filled With Driverless Cars Driving is a tedious, dangerous, and demanding task. Could it one day be automated by Google's driverless car technology? Read More have proven to be far safer than human drivers. And that should come as no surprise: we humans are notoriously bad at driving safely 5 Websites To Help You Become a Safer Driver 5 Websites To Help You Become a Safer Driver Read More . We get tired, we fall asleep, we get distracted, and we crash into things. Driverless cars have no such problems How Self-Driving Cars Will Change Transportation Forever How Self-Driving Cars Will Change Transportation Forever As we move into 2015, the question is no longer whether self-driving cars will replace manually driven cars, but how quickly they'll take over. Read More . No, they’re not perfect, but they’re constantly aware of their surroundings, they don’t get sleepy, and they can respond to surprises in milliseconds.

Looking forward a little further, driverless cars could also improve the issue of traffic congestion. Assuming we’re all being chauffeured around by robots, they could communicate with one another to make collective traffic-easing decisions. Temple Assistant Professor of Mathematics Benjamin Seibold is researching this very concept.

“Traffic that’s about to run into a jam could be slowed down by these autonomous vehicles in a subtle way, perhaps maybe just two miles an hour under the speed limit, so that it’s not a big nuisance to the rest of the drivers […] This could, for example, help dissipate stop-and-go waves in the traffic flow, and prevent prolonging the traffic jam ahead.”

Attracting Investment

driverless-jeep

With such a simple, straightforward approach to regulation, the UK is bound to attract the attention of companies working on self-driving cars worldwide. It has made itself the perfect testing ground — a great move for fostering innovation in Britain. Transport Minister Claire Perry said,

“Driverless cars are the future […] I want Britain to be at the forefront of this exciting new development, to embrace a technology that could transform our roads and open up a brand new route for global investment.”

Business Secretary Vince Cable had a similar take,

“The UK is at the cutting edge of automotive technology — from the all-electric cars built in Sunderland, to the formula 1 expertise in the Midlands […] It’s important for jobs, growth and society that we keep at the forefront of innovation, that’s why I launched a competition to research and develop driverless cars. The projects we are now funding in Greenwich, Bristol, Milton Keynes and Coventry will help to ensure we are world-leaders in this field and able to benefit from what is expected to be a £900 billion industry by 2025.”

After completing preliminary testing on closed tracks, companies like Nissan, Audi, Mercedes-Benz, Google, and Delphi can get their testing started this summer.

Liability Concerns

Should an accident caused by a driverless car occur, who will be held accountable? The UK government says liability is “ultimately a matter for the courts to decide,” though it notes that companies testing autonomous cars are expected “to take responsibility for ensuring the safe operation of the vehicle at all times.”

With that said, it will be interesting to see how insurance and liability are handled when these things reach the mass market. If my self-driving car hits your self-driving car, is it my fault or my car’s fault? Will I be held responsible, or will the manufacturer come into play?

Are You Ready?

Driverless cars are no longer just a cool idea — they’re real, they’re being tested on public streets, and they’re expected to be available to the public, in some form, by the end of the decade.

Are you excited about the robotic vehicles of the future, or do they make you a bit nervous? We’d love to hear your thoughts — please share them in the comments below!

Image Credit: GOV.UK

  1. benzofriend
    June 16, 2015 at 3:26 pm

    Finally the UK actually do something decent in the technology world! Technology that will not only make lives easier but save them too. Then once self-drive cars are on the roads then we need to start working on making them energy efficient and nonpolluting. Three huge world problems solved by 'bending the rules' we have already proved robots are safer drivers even without enhancements. The sooner the self-drive car revolution starts the better.

  2. Sam
    March 17, 2015 at 10:13 am

    "If my self-driving car hits your self-driving car, is it my fault or my car’s fault?"

    That's a bit of a silly question isn't it? If the 'driver' (I suppose I'm referring to the main passenger there) isn't controlling the vehicle, how could they possibly be blamed?

    • Brad Merrill
      March 18, 2015 at 8:56 pm

      For sure - but under the current model of liability, I would likely be held responsible. New legislation and insurance policies will be necessary for bringing driverless cars to the market.

  3. A41202813GMAIL
    March 17, 2015 at 8:28 am

    ... And They Do Not Get Road Rage ...

    • Brad Merrill
      March 18, 2015 at 8:57 pm

      Nope! That's a big plus.

    • A41202813GMAIL
      March 20, 2015 at 6:43 am

      Unfortunately, The Number Of Special Digitally Prepared Roads For Them To Drive Solo Will Be Ridiculously Small.

      I Hope The Manufacturers Will Continue To Produce Cars With The Usual Human Controls, Just For All The Other Unprepared Types Of Surfaces Where They Can Not Be Trusted, For Now - By Some Users Like Me, Anyway.

      Thank You For Responding.

    • Brad Merrill
      March 20, 2015 at 8:20 pm

      Definitely. Manual controls will be a must, at least in the beginning. As excited as I am for driverless cars, I would be very nervous giving up 100% of my control to a computer.

      Thanks for reading and commenting!

  4. George Monroe
    March 17, 2015 at 1:04 am

    The USA, using the highway infrastructure for population control.

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