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DAMN! Dead again…

I played Turrican to death as a teenager. I could complete it with one eye closed on the 16-bit classic Amiga computer, but when playing it on an Android emulator, I can’t get past the first level. The reason is surely down to poor onscreen controls in the emulator — but how can this be fixed?

Emulation Is Great, Controls Are Poor

Emulators for mobile platforms have always been a curious beast. The earliest MS-DOS emulators for Windows Mobile 6 and Android were ports of DOSBox, and both had poor keyboard implementation which made even installing and running a game difficult.

muo-mobile-emus

Fast forward a few years and it’s clear that things still aren’t perfect. It doesn’t take a genius to work out why. Purchase a brand new game for Android, iOS, or Windows Phone and you’re playing a puzzle or adventure that has had its controls finely tuned for that particular title. Movement is usually pixel perfect, and in most cases frustration is kept at a minimum (unless you’re playing Flappy Bird The Rise And Fall Of Flappy Bird The Rise And Fall Of Flappy Bird The entire Internet is buzzing about Flappy Bird. Read More , for example).

Compare this to games of the past, in which controls differed from game to game (particularly in the 8-bit home computer era). Indeed, it should come as no surprise that emulated games are tricky to control with a touchscreen display, even if all of the control options are available. How often have you played a game and ended up with your left thumb halfway across the screen?

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So, how do you deal with the problem of poor touchscreen controls for mobile gaming?

Setup Bluetooth Game Controllers

The sensible option would be to grab any controller you already have (such as the Wiimote or the PS3 Dualshock, both of which are Bluetooth compatible) and set these up as controllers for your mobile gaming.

muo-mobile-controllers

For instance, iPhone and iPad users who have embraced jailbreaking can use the Blutrol app, as explained in Simon’s detailed look at game controllers for iOS How To Hook Up a Game Controller To Your iPad How To Hook Up a Game Controller To Your iPad Apart from a handheld console like the PlayStation Vita, your tablet or smartphone is probably the best way to game, and keep yourself entertained on the road. After all, a very decent-sized chunk of the... Read More . Meanwhile, Android phone and tablet users can use Bluetooth or USB to connect a Wiimote How To Use Your WiiMote As A Controller For Your Android Device How To Use Your WiiMote As A Controller For Your Android Device Use your WiiMote as a gamepad for your Android tablet or phone. Touch screens are great for some games, but for others you just need tactile response. So, if you prefer to do your gaming... Read More , PS3 How To Connect a PS3 Controller to Your Android Phone or Tablet How To Connect a PS3 Controller to Your Android Phone or Tablet You can never have enough controllers, right? These wonderful little devices can be used with more than just an actual Playstation 3 of course - so today I'd like to show you how you can... Read More , or Xbox 360 controller How To Connect a Game Controller to Android For Console-like Gameplay How To Connect a Game Controller to Android For Console-like Gameplay Let's face it, touch controls are terrible for many games. Have you ever tried playing a platformer game on a touchscreen? It's an exercise in frustration. The good news is that you can connect a... Read More for a superior mobile gaming experience.

Note that if you’re using Android, Bluetooth game controllers will be useless to you if you’re using the stock HTC Sense software. If you’ve got an HTC device, maybe it’s time to flash CyanogenMod 11 How to Find and Install a Custom ROM for Your Android Device How to Find and Install a Custom ROM for Your Android Device Android is super customizable, but to fully take advantage of that, you need to flash a custom ROM. Here's how to do that. Read More . Spare a thought for Windows Phone 8 Windows Phone 8: The Complete Review Windows Phone 8: The Complete Review Question: how do you improve on perfection? Answer: you wait for someone else to have a go. A quick look around the smartphone market reveals that Apple’s iOS and Google’s Android operating systems are top... Read More users, though. While the MOGA devices (see below) work well, console Bluetooth game controllers are incompatible with WP8.

MOGA, iPEGA, And Other Bluetooth Controllers

If you would prefer something that gives you physical controls while turning your phone into a handheld games console, several controllers have been released over the past few years for Android, iPhone, and Windows Phone.

muo-mobile-moga

These devices, such as the MOGA series of handheld controllers (which were released last November Next Generation Of MOGA Gaming Controllers Now Available Next Generation Of MOGA Gaming Controllers Now Available The MOGA Hero Power and MOGA Pro Power are both now available either direct from the MOGA website or from Amazon for about $60 and $80 respectively. Read More ) or the iPEGA PG-9025 for iOS, provide a clamp for your phone to sit in while you start enjoying games with physical controls.

Although popular, however, the MOGA controllers only work with a limited range of titles out of the box. To get around this, you’ll need to use the MOGA Universal Driver in the Play Store, which enables easy button mapping.

Connect A USB Controller Via OTG

Another option for Android users is to attach a game controller using a USB On-The-Go adapter. You could use any USB controller for this, such as the Xbox 360 handset or even a retro-style joystick, depending on what is most suitable. There is something pleasing about using a classic game controller with a classic console or videogame emulator!

muo-mobile-xbox

With your controller attached to the USB OTG adapter, connect this to your phone or tablet and load up the game. In fact, you could even connect a mouse and keyboard if you’re emulating a PC strategy game! USB can even be used to attach old-style physical joysticks, thanks to useful adaptors like this one.

All you’ll need to do now is make sure your Android screen is positioned correctly and start playing!

Physical Controls For Your Touchscreen

Rather than rely on Bluetooth, why not enhance the controls already available in your mobile games?

muo-mobile-ipad

A common solution to the problem of poor feedback from onscreen controllers is to add physical buttons and analog sticks, attached to the touchscreen with one or two suction cups, such as the Ninja game controller from Ten One Design, pictured above. Best of all, these are platform independent! Although often specifically labelled as iPad controllers on online stores, these controllers also work on Android phones and tablets.

Whether this solution works for you or not is another matter entirely. Fortunately they’re reasonably cheap to buy, but their small size also means that they can be easily misplaced…

Mapping Your Controls

No matter what remote control mechanism you end up using, you’ll need to make sure that your controller is telling your in-game character to do the right thing, to make the right moves, and to fire the right weapons.

muo-mobile-map

As mentioned earlier, anyone using a MOGA controller can employ the MOGA Universal Driver from the Play Store, which adds all of the button configuration and mapping that you’ll need to get a MOGA controller working with an old game… like Turrican, for example! Note that your emulator may already support MOGA controllers, so check before proceeding.

Meanwhile, the Bluetooth controller hacks for Android and iOS mentioned above also feature control mapping tools. Android users can also try Bluez IME to try and map the controls of most Bluetooth controllers.

Mapping controls is usually straightforward, and should occur intelligently, without any input from you. If you find you have to get your fingers dirty with this, mapping involves assigning a movement or action in the game to a button on your controller. You may not get it right first time, but it shouldn’t take long to perfect.

Start Winning Mobile Games!

Too long have mobile game developers seen their hard work limited by touchscreen controllers; for far too long have forgotten classics been reduced to curios because touchscreen controls just don’t give you the genuine experience of playing them.

Now is the time, fellow mobile retro gamers, to strike back and reclaim your favourite old games, playing them the way they ought to be played, the way they were intended. For the ultimate mobile gaming experience, meanwhile, you might think about enjoying the game on your HD TV Droid Meets HDMI: How (And Why) To Connect Your Android Phone To Your TV Droid Meets HDMI: How (And Why) To Connect Your Android Phone To Your TV A recent trip to a local used goods store brought me into contact with the LG Optimus 3D P920. Following some quick checks online via my usual phone, I bought the device – and soon... Read More .

  1. Phil Nolan
    June 17, 2014 at 10:40 pm

    I don't have much trouble with using touchscreen controls with emulators like DraStic. However, connecting the OnLive Universal controller also works great. Of course the problem is holding the phone and the controller at the same time. I actually made a little stand for my phone out of an old gift card so I can keep the phone upright without needing my hands.

  2. Howard B
    June 17, 2014 at 10:31 pm

    "...on the 16-bit classic Amiga computer," The Amiga was a 16/32 bit computer Motorola 68000 CPU, with 24 bits (16MB) of address space and both 16 and 32 bit CPU instructions. Later Amigas used 68020-68040 CPUs, several of which had a full 4GB of address space and CPU caching (like a 486).

    Man, I miss my Amiga 500...the machine is in a box somewhere, with its 2MB of expansion RAM and a 512MB SCSI HD, but its 1084S monitor bit the dust years ago.

  3. Dwayne
    June 17, 2014 at 12:13 pm

    This article has nothing to do with actually installing the emulators or running gameware

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