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It doesn’t matter whether you’re shooting with the latest and greatest DSLR or a three year old smartphone, what results is still a photograph. Good photos and bad photos aren’t determined by cameras but by photographers.

The difference between a bad photo and a good photo — or a good photo and a great photo — can be very slim. Subtle changes may be all that’s required to close the gap. With that in mind, here are 13 tips that will quickly improve your photos.

Post-Process Your Images

The single biggest thing you can do to improve the quality of your images is post-process them. You can use Photoshop 7 Awesome Sites for Learning How to Use Photoshop 7 Awesome Sites for Learning How to Use Photoshop If you want to get to the point where you really understand how to leverage the power of Photoshop, you have to learn from the best. Here's seven awesome sites that will get you there. Read More , Lightroom, or any other app you like. There’s no need to make dramatic changes; simply adjusting the exposure, contrast, and color tone is enough to take an okay image and make it special.

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The problem is that film photography had a look. Each individual film stock had certain characteristics and no two were the same. This is what Instagram filters Meet Instagram's Five New Filters (And Learn What They Are Best For) Meet Instagram's Five New Filters (And Learn What They Are Best For) Photography social network Instagram has issued a new update, which brings five new filters, the ability to reorder the filters, and thumbnail previews. Instagram is releasing new filters for the first time in two years. Read More try to replicate. Some films were contrasty while others emphasised green tones. Straight out of camera, film images have basically been edited.

Digital images, however, are designed to be neutral representations of the scene. Straight out of camera they are flat and lifeless; they have no character. Post processing them brings them to the same point that a film image is at.

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Shoot Raw

You should always shoot RAW image files Budding Photographer? Here's Why You Should Be Shooting Raw Budding Photographer? Here's Why You Should Be Shooting Raw Every dSLR, prosumer and even some high-end compact cameras have the ability to save raw image files. This isn't just a higher quality of image, it's a gift from the photography gods. Read More if you can — no matter what Bryan says 8 Camera Myths You Should Stop Believing Immediately 8 Camera Myths You Should Stop Believing Immediately Let's clear up some of the strongly held and often completely misleading beliefs when it comes to compact cameras and DSLRs. Read More . RAW files save a lot more data than JPGs so you have a lot more flexibility to edit your images after you shoot. This means that you’ve more chance of nailing the shot and creating a great image.

The only time you shouldn’t is when your camera doesn’t support it.

Instagram Doesn’t Count as Editing

Most of Instagram’s filters are great but they’ve become much too recognizable. Slapping an Instagram filter on top of your image might make it look kind of cool but it won’t make it a better photo. If you want to edit using a mobile app, try VSCO Cam VSCO Cam: A Must-Have in the iPhoneographer's Arsenal VSCO Cam: A Must-Have in the iPhoneographer's Arsenal There's certainly no shortage of iPhone photography apps - if anything, there might be a tad too many to choose from. If there's one app you definitely need to add to your iPhoneography arsenal, it's... Read More instead.

Go Easy on the “X”

It doesn’t matter whether “X” is contrast, HDR, a vignette, or color toning, go easy with it.

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Plenty of great images are ruined by photographers being too heavy handed while they edit. Unless there is a strong artistic reason to push an image hard in one direction it’s best to be subtle. As a rule of thumb, dial every effect you add to an image back from 100% to 70%.

Avoid Clichéd Photos

Selective color images—where one thing is a bright color and the rest of the picture is in black and white—aren’t cool, kids. They’re just one of many kinds of clichéd photos. This video from DigitalRevTV provides a great overview of 25 photo clichés. I don’t agree with all of them but for the most part they’re spot on. Avoid clichés like the plague.

Don’t Use a Massive Watermark

Nothing ruins a good image faster than an obnoxious watermark Instantly Watermark Your iPhone Photos With Free App Tagg.ly Instantly Watermark Your iPhone Photos With Free App Tagg.ly The iPhone has one of the best cameras on the market, so if you use yours for shooting photos and videos, it might be worthwhile tagging them with a watermark. Read More .

A small subtle logo in one corner is fine but your name in bold across the centre of the image not only stops people from stealing it, it stops people from looking at it. If you’re going to put your images online, you need to accept the risk that some people may share them or pass them off as their own.

Use the Rule of Thirds

The rule of thirds is a simple compositional rule Using the Golden Ratio in Photography for Better Composition Using the Golden Ratio in Photography for Better Composition Do you struggle with photo composition? Here are two techniques based on the Golden Ratio that will drastically improve your shots with little effort on your part. Read More that leads to stronger photos.

According to the rule of thirds, you should divide your image into both horizontal and vertical thirds. The intersection points of the thirds is where you should place your subject for the strongest image.

While it’s not true in all situations, for most things it’s a quick and easy way to guarantee a strong composition.

Watch the Edges of Your Frame

Real life doesn’t have borders but photos do. It’s easy to forget this when you’re photographing.

The border of an image Border-Image-Generator: Create CSS Border Images In Seconds Border-Image-Generator: Create CSS Border Images In Seconds Read More is a compositional element. If something is placed too close to the edge it creates tension in the image. This can be a good thing or a bad thing.

In general, if someone is looking or moving in one direction, they should be placed on the opposite edge of the frame so they appear to have some photo to move into.

Don’t Chop Limbs Off

Similar to the point above, watch where the edges intersect with your subject.

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You should avoid cropping a portrait 6 Photography & Photoshop Tips For The Perfect Family Portrait 6 Photography & Photoshop Tips For The Perfect Family Portrait Read More so that it chops half way through a persons limbs; it looks strange. The best places to crop a portrait are at the subject’s neck, arm pits, waist, just above the knee, or not at all. Be careful that things like hands aren’t accidentally cut off even if you crop at one of those points.

Avoid Compression Effects

While humans have depth perception, cameras don’t. What we see as a 3D scene they render as a 2D image. This means that some things that appear to have no relation in real life have a relationship created by the compression to two dimensions. The classic example is a subject standing in front of a tree or lamppost. While you see the scene normally when you’re shooting, in the final image the tree appears to grow out of the model’s head!

To create stronger images look at what your subject is standing in front of and think how it will be translated to two dimensions. If you thing it might not look good, change up the shot.

There’s No Such Thing as Bad Light

There’s no such thing as bad light This Rule of Light Will Instantly Improve Your Photos This Rule of Light Will Instantly Improve Your Photos Having trouble with lighting in your photos? This one principle might be the reason why. Read More , but certain kinds of light suits some subjects better.

Harsh midday light is one of the hardest to use effectively. If you plan on shooting a glamorous portrait in it you’re going to have a very difficult time. It’s far easier to shoot portraits when the sun is lower in the sky.

On the other hand, if you want to shoot some high contrast cityscapes, the midday sun may be exactly what you want. Don’t try and force photographs in less than ideal circumstances, instead use the strengths of what you have to work with.

Shoot Portraits in the Shade or With Window Light

If you’re shooting portraits without artificial lights, the two most flattering places to do it are in the shade outdoors on an overcast day or inside by the light of a window. Both situations create wonderfully flat light that is easy to work with.

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Don’t Use Flash

When you’re shooting in low light it can be tempting to use the pop up flash on your camera. Don’t do it!

Unless you have something like a bounce card to make it a softer light source, it won’t lead to good photos. It’s far better to increase your ISO or tighten your aperture.

What Tips Do You Have?

That’s 13 tips that I’ve found are quick ways to improve your photos. Learning each and every one of these has made every image I’ve taken since better.

This, however, is hardly a complete list! If you’ve any great tips to quickly improve the quality of your photos The Top 5 Photography Tips For Absolute Beginners The Top 5 Photography Tips For Absolute Beginners Fueled by a desire to take better photos, last year I got myself a nice DSLR for Christmas. I'm certainly no photography expert - but I did take the time learn a few tips I... Read More , please let me know in the comments.

  1. Didi Simer
    December 5, 2015 at 1:07 am

    Would you be able to give me your opinion on which camera to purchase between Canon 70D with 18-55 and 55-250 lens or Nikon D7200 with 18-55 and 55-200 lens both come to same price.

    This would be my second DSLR and I've always been complimented on photos I take even 3 decades ago. All the tips you provide, I figured them out myself with my previous DSLR. Also, I have been reading up everything I can about these cameras for the past week.

    I like the bigger screen on Nikon and it is a better camera than Canon 70D for the same price. Nikon also has longer warranty.

    I would really appreciate your input. Thanks.

    • Harry Guinness
      December 8, 2015 at 4:10 pm

      Hey Didi, I shoot Canon but there's very little difference between them these days. Go with whatever feels right for you.

  2. Squalle
    December 4, 2015 at 2:21 am

    I keep telling myself I'm going to start taking more photos. Real photos, not just snapping pics of the cats, etc. But when I look at my photos, they just look boring to me.

    • Harry Guinness
      December 8, 2015 at 4:10 pm

      Well you're telling yourself to do the right thing! The more you shoot, the better you'll get!

  3. gw
    December 3, 2015 at 3:09 pm

    Meh, more of a photos snob's list.

    • Harry Guinness
      December 3, 2015 at 4:42 pm

      Or someone who likes and understands photography. One or the other.

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