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Default settings are a blessing and a curse. If you haven’t started customizing your devices Want To Customize Your Android Device, But Not Sure Where To Start? Want To Customize Your Android Device, But Not Sure Where To Start? Android’s openness is one of its greatest strengths and makes it possible for most devices to be modified in a number of ways. Customizing your device can add new features and make it feel like... Read More , it’s great to have the creator-recommended settings to begin with, but these aren’t always in your best interest. Sometimes, they may value features above battery life, or could be sharing your information without explicitly asking you.

No matter what mobile platform you’re using, there are some options you should tweak for increased security and privacy. If you’re not used to diving into your phone’s settings, don’t worry! We’ll walk you through how to reach each setting.

For All Devices

Before we get to the settings in Android, iOS, and Windows Phone specifically, there are some settings across devices that should be enabled no matter what.

Set A Screen Lock

A screen lock is your most basic line of defense to keep unwanted parties out of your phone. Whether it’s stopping your friends from snooping on your photos Handing Over Your Phone to Show a Photo? How To Avoid Snooping Fingers Handing Over Your Phone to Show a Photo? How To Avoid Snooping Fingers You hand over your phone to show someone a photo. Next thing you know, they go through all the photos in your gallery, including those embarrassing ones. Don't let it happen. Read More or keeping your information safe should you lose your device, the second of inconvenience that you deal with typing in a passcode is worth it. Different operating systems have varying options; here we’ll set up a PIN since it’s supported by all, is easy to remember, and is secure (unlike a pattern lock Which Is More Secure, A Password Or a Pattern Lock? Which Is More Secure, A Password Or a Pattern Lock? Our smartphones carry a lot of personal information. All of your text messages, emails, notes, apps, app data, music, pictures, and so much more are all on there. While it's a very great convenience to... Read More ).

On Android, head to Settings > Security > Screen Lock and from here, you can choose a PIN How Safe Is Your PIN? [INFOGRAPHIC] How Safe Is Your PIN? [INFOGRAPHIC] Ah, the trusty PIN number, the 4 digits that separates you from your money. We use our bank PIN number in a wide variety of situations, whether it's taking money out of the ATM machine... Read More of four numbers or more. On iOS, you’ll find the same setting at Settings > Passcode. It’s a good idea to make sure that you require the passcode immediately on both devices, so there’s no delay if you lock your phone and then walk away. You can also deny access to certain features from the lock screen if you’re concerned about them.

01-Android-iOS-PIN

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For Windows Phone, journey to Settings > Lock Screen and find the Password option at the bottom. Tip: don’t use the PIN shown in this example!

02-WP-PIN

Opt Out Of Ad Tracking

Advertising is a huge business. We’ve written before about how online ads are used to target you How Exactly Websites Track and Stalk You With Their Ads How Exactly Websites Track and Stalk You With Their Ads Privacy, privacy, privacy. The Internet is known for its anonymity. Without personal privacy, it would be a very dangerous place. But are these companies infringing on privacy rights? How exactly does a website track its... Read More and this goes even further with social media ads Why Am I Seeing This Ad? How Social Media Ads Target You Why Am I Seeing This Ad? How Social Media Ads Target You Every social media site out there shows us ads. But sometimes, those ads can get very specific towards you, often showing you ads that seem creepy and stalkerish. How do they do that? Read More . You have to expect a level of this behavior while using the Internet, but there are ways to limit how much information is collected about you.

For Windows Phone, go to Settings again, this time to the Advertising ID tab. It’s a simple entry that only allows you to toggle targeted advertising on or off; you should disable it so you’re not being tracked. For iOS, you’ll find the option under Settings > Privacy > Advertising. Here, enable the Limited Targeted Advertising setting to reduce tracking.

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Google created a separate app, Google Settings, to manage your account on Android. Besides being a place to disable battery-sucking Google services 7 Free Google Services That Cost You Battery Life & Privacy [Android] 7 Free Google Services That Cost You Battery Life & Privacy [Android] A nameless writer once remarked, “If you’re not paying for the product, you are the product.” While probably in reference to broadcast television, the saying also applies to Google’s recent introduction of several poorly implemented... Read More , you can also find your advertising preference here at Ads > Opt out of interest-based ads. Using this option will reduce the great amount of information that Google knows about you How Much Does Google Really Know About You? How Much Does Google Really Know About You? Read More .

04-Android-Ad-Tracking

Find Your Phone

In the old days of mobile OSes, you had to install a separate app 6 Best Apps To Use When You've Lost Your Android Phone 6 Best Apps To Use When You've Lost Your Android Phone It's amazing how even the most organised individuals can occasionally find themselves up that notorious creek without a paddle. Plan B is the application to install when your phone is already missing. However, if you're... Read More to track your phone if you lost it. Now, however, all three platforms have a built-in method to locate your device if it should go missing. It’s crucial that you activate these; if you don’t, you may be left without options if your phone is stolen or lost.

On iOS, pay a visit to Settings > iCloud > Find My iPod/iPhone/iPad. Once this set-and-forget option is enabled, you can view the its location anytime by installing the Find My iPhone app on another Apple device, or by visiting the web interface. Apple has provided more info if you’re interested in the specifics; if your phone was stolen check out Tim’s tips on what actions to take So Your iPhone Was Lost or Stolen: Here's What To Do So Your iPhone Was Lost or Stolen: Here's What To Do If your iPhone is no longer in your possession, you might never see it again and the last thing you want to worry about is data security. Here's what you need to do. Read More .

05-Find-My-iPhone

For Windows Phone, you’ll find the option at Settings > Find My Phone. Choose to toggle the two options here if you like, then you can use the website to track your phone’s location, ring it, or erase it remotely.

On Android, visit our friend Google Settings again, and browse this time to Android Device Manager. Be sure that the top box is checked; the bottom is a last-resort should you give up hope on finding your phone, so you should enable just in case. Like iOS, you can visit the Android Device Manager online or download its app onto another Android-powered device.

06-Find-My-WP-Android

Don’t Save Passwords In Browser

It’s tempting to use the “Remember Password” option that mobile browsers provide since typing out passwords on a small keyboard can be frustrating. However, this convenience is a safety risk, as anyone who grabs your phone can poke around and see which sites you’re already logged into. Keep an eye out for these pop-ups and be sure to deny them.

To clear out any existing passwords, on iOS go to Settings > Safari > Passwords & AutoFill. Here, be sure that you check “Saved Passwords” for any entries; it’s also wise to remove your credit card info from storage if it’s there.

07-iOS-Password-Autofill

On Windows Phone, you’ll need to go to Settings, slide over to Applications > Internet Explorer and choose Advanced Settings at the bottom. Make sure that Don’t Remember is selected under Website Passwords. If you already have some saved and want to start fresh, back up one level to Internet Explorer’s settings and choose to Delete History.

08-WP-Web-Passwords

For Android, open Chrome and click the three-dot Menu bar in the top-right. Choose Settings and under Save Passwords you can view any that you’ve set to remember or never remember. You can also turn the feature off from here.

09-Android-Save-Passwords

Once you’ve done all this, it’s a great idea to get set up with LastPass, which includes mobile support in its $12/year Premium option that we’ve reviewed LastPass Premium: Treat Yourself To The Best Password Management Ever [Rewards] LastPass Premium: Treat Yourself To The Best Password Management Ever [Rewards] If you've never heard of LastPass, I'm sorry to say that you have been living under a rock. However, you are reading this article, so you've already made a step in the right direction. LastPass... Read More . When all of your passwords are encrypted behind a master password instead of being insecurely stored on your phone, you’ll be much safer.

Back Up

We’ve written about backing up your Windows Phone How To Backup Media, Apps & Settings On Windows Phone 8 How To Backup Media, Apps & Settings On Windows Phone 8 I’ve just about filled the 32 GB internal storage on my Nokia Lumia 920. Initially, I was surprised that it only took me six months, until I realised that I’ve been recording videos in HD.... Read More , a smartphone running Android Here's A Free, Multi-Layered Plan To Back Up A Non-Rooted Android Here's A Free, Multi-Layered Plan To Back Up A Non-Rooted Android Even with a non-rooted Android device, you can have a solid backup plan – and it doesn't have to cost you a dime! Read More , or iPhone Everything You Need to Know About Backing Up & Restoring Your iPhone from iTunes Everything You Need to Know About Backing Up & Restoring Your iPhone from iTunes Most iPhone users take for granted that the contents of their iPhone is backed up wirelessly to their iCloud account, but it is still useful to know how to restore your iPhone from iTunes. Read More , and each strategy contains a variety of apps to help you do the job. However, each OS also includes a few built-in settings you want to be sure to activate in the event that you have to wipe your phone. Note that these will not back up everything of value on your phone, so they should only be viewed as one piece of your backup plan.

For Android, the appropriate setting is at Settings > Backup & Reset. Check the boxes here to be sure that if you ever get a new phone, your app data and Wi-Fi passwords will be intact. On iOS, Settings > iCloud will get you where you need to be. You can choose which types of data are backed up to iCloud Manage Your iCloud Storage Rather Than Paying for Yearly Upgrades Manage Your iCloud Storage Rather Than Paying for Yearly Upgrades Having trouble keeping your iCloud account trim? Don't pay for an upgrade, manage your free storage the smart way. Here's how. Read More ; it’s a good idea to send everything up unless you’re low on space. Whatever you choose, be sure that the Backup option is enabled near the bottom!

10-Android-iOS-Backup

The Windows Phone entry is aptly-named; head to Settings > Backup and confirm that your device is backing up for you. If you need to tweak a category, press it for more options.

11-WP-Backup

Individual OS Settings

iOS

Most iOS apps will ask you for a variety of permissions, from accessing your photos to your location. Sometimes you want to share these for the app to function, but you might be wary of other apps, such as Facebook Messenger How Bad Are Those Facebook Messenger Permissions Anyway? How Bad Are Those Facebook Messenger Permissions Anyway? You've probably been hearing a lot about Facebook's Messenger app. Let's quell the rumors and find out if the permissions are as bad as they claim. Read More . To review permissions you’ve granted apps, you can head to Settings > Privacy to view permission groups. With iOS 8, you’re also able to scroll to the bottom of the page at Settings and view each app separately. Both will show you the same information; the only difference is whether you prefer to group by app (below right) or by permission type (below left).

12-iOS-Privacy

Finally, for iOS you can tweak all of your location-sharing information in one place. It’s buried at Settings > Privacy > Location Services; scroll all the way down to System Services. Here’s you’ll have plenty of options. It’s a good idea to shut off location-based ads and location sharing Are You Sharing Your Location On Facebook Without Knowing? [Weekly Facebook Tips] Are You Sharing Your Location On Facebook Without Knowing? [Weekly Facebook Tips] Have you been giving your stalkers your address inadvertently? You might accidentally be giving all of your Facebook friends the exact location of your house, your office and where your kids go to school. Read More if you don’t need it, but using your location for time zones isn’t a privacy concern. Make sure to leave Find my iPhone enabled here, too!

13-iOS-Location-Services

For even more iOS settings to play with, check out Tim’s list of pesky iOS 7 defaults You Might Want To Change These Pesky Default iOS 7 Settings You Might Want To Change These Pesky Default iOS 7 Settings The way Apple supplies the iPhone or iPad in its default state might not be for everybody, and there are a number of settings you might want to change immediately. Read More .

Android

Android has a reputation for being filled with viruses. While that’s not exactly true, there are threats out there and so being educated about smartphone security What You Really Need To Know About Smartphone Security What You Really Need To Know About Smartphone Security Read More is a must. To start, a biggie is to make sure your phone won’t allow apps to be installed from outside Google Play. There are legitimate alternatives to Google Play Google Play Alternatives For Downloading Android Apps Without Fuss Google Play Alternatives For Downloading Android Apps Without Fuss Many people think that the Google Play Store is the only option Android users have for downloading apps, but there are actually quite a few quality alternatives out there. Read More , but keeping the option open while you’re not specifically using it is a security flaw.

A trip to Settings > Security > Unknown Sources will be all you need; keep this box unchecked and while you’re here, be sure that Verify Apps is enabled to scan any installed apps against known threats.

14-Android-Unknown-Sources

Also in the Security section of Settings is the Device Administration list. Know that any apps listed here require permissions greater than most Android apps. An example is the Android Device Manager we discussed earlier; it needs to be set as an admin to be able to remotely wipe your phone Are You Selling Your Android? Here's How to Wipe It Squeaky Clean Are You Selling Your Android? Here's How to Wipe It Squeaky Clean Not so long ago, James wrote an article about all the things you should do before you sell or give away your computer or tablet. The general principles were fantastic, but what if you’re planning... Read More .

Take a look at this list and be sure that you’ve explicitly enabled all of them and they’re still relevant. If you’re ever prompted to make an app an administrator, do some research first to be sure it’s legitimate.

15-Android-Device-Admins

All Android users should know about permissions and why they’re so critical to your phone’s operation. They’re different from iOS, so be sure to read Chris’ guide to Android permissions How App Permissions Work & Why You Should Care [Android] How App Permissions Work & Why You Should Care [Android] Android forces apps to declare the permissions they require when they install them. You can protect your privacy, security, and cell phone bill by paying attention to permissions when installing apps – although many users... Read More .

Windows Phone

Aside from the above, Windows Phone doesn’t have a lot of settings that need to be changed. The only noticeable option is the useful Kid’s Corner. The official video does a great job of explaining it.

Children seem to be drawn to smartphones, but letting them wander on them can lead to problems, particularly with ads and in-app purchases What Are In-App Purchases & How Can I Disable Them? [MakeUseOf Explains] What Are In-App Purchases & How Can I Disable Them? [MakeUseOf Explains] "I can’t believe it!" my cousin said to me the other day, "someone’s just bought a $10 in-app purchase on my mother’s phone, and she doesn’t even know what I’m talking about!". Sounds familiar? How... Read More . The solution is Kid’s Corner, which allows you to set certain apps for your kids to use and doesn’t let them use anything else, like the browser or shop. To set it up, just go to Settings > Kid’s Corner and you’ll be able to add permitted apps. Be sure you have a PIN enabled when using this option, or else there’s nothing stopping your child from getting into your full phone!

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All Secured!

Going through a list of settings may be kind of bland, but you’ll be glad you took advantage of these options. It would be nice if the default settings were the safest, but unfortunately convenience is usually valued above privacy.

If you’re looking for more phone security tips, check out ten common mistakes that open you up to risk Ten Common Smartphone Mistakes That Expose You To Security Risks Ten Common Smartphone Mistakes That Expose You To Security Risks The following is a run-down of ten of the most common smartphone mistakes. Read More .

What other settings are crucial to change? Will you be adjusting your settings? Leave a comment and let us know!

  1. Niki Kidman
    August 30, 2016 at 8:10 am

    It looks like a little complicated for me … I prefer downloading applock.
    Wow, Thanks your post ... Does anyone can recommend a applock that can hide private contacts? My boyfriend always snoops my phone!!! Very embarrassing... applock is a great human creation. Among all of applocks I had used, prefer LEO Privacy much better...

  2. minmin
    August 4, 2016 at 7:29 am

    The best app I have for security is LEO Privacy. I think it's awesome I can lock my apps in the coolest ways and I can hide my photos with the same app and don't have to download a different app it's just great I use it everyday it's great u guys should go check out the app swiftly it's great thank u.

  3. Robert
    January 26, 2015 at 10:47 pm

    is Google Settings LIMITED to above a particular version? Have Samsung Galaxy S3 w/ andriod 4.4.2 and CANNOT find it on the device or in Google Play.

  4. khamis bakari ahmed
    November 4, 2014 at 7:02 pm

    Please set my phone.Am having problems in creating may Microsoft account.please help am in Kenya.I love using windows mobile phones.windows phones 8 is very good to use than other.thankyou

  5. pac
    October 23, 2014 at 10:40 am

    Smartphone Privacy Settings You Need To Activate Today: Get Rid Of Your Smartphone! ;)

    • Ben S
      October 23, 2014 at 2:31 pm

      This would work, but it's a nuclear solution! We want to be able to enjoy the benefits of smartphones while still keeping them at bay : )

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