How To Repair Damaged CD’s Or DVD’s & Recover Data

blank cds 300   How To Repair Damaged CDs Or DVDs & Recover Data CD and DVD are fragile media. A few scratches here and there and they can easily become coasters on your table. I have had plenty of them myself.

Let’s just look at some of the ways to repair damaged CD’s and DVD’s and recover data from those spoilt CD/DVD’s.

Anatomy of scratches

Scratches that are perpendicular (going from the center outwards) are generally less harmful or damaging than the scratches that go along the spiral. So if your CD/DVD has more of the latter ones, then the chances of recovering data from that CD or DVD may be bleak. Nevertheless, Thou shall try till thou art able to Make good Use Of thy media.

cdscratchlg   How To Repair Damaged CDs Or DVDs & Recover Data

Attempt to Recover Data from Damaged CD / DVD

First and foremost try some software apps to make your life easier and attempt to recover data from the disc. You can try more then one application if you didn’t succeed with previous ones. I have had experiences in the past when one of them has done a better job than the others either in the amount of data that is recovered or the speed with which it is recovered. However most of the time CD Recovery Toolbox has come up on top.

Just insert the damaged CD, DVD, HD DVD (if you still use them) or Blue-Ray disc and the software will show you the list of files and folders found on the disc. Choose the ones you want to recover and click next. The process can be very slow mind you so just be patient.

recoverytoolbox   How To Repair Damaged CDs Or DVDs & Recover Data

CD Recovery Toolbox has been covered in detail on MakeUseOf earlier. Check it out if you need more details.

Another software solution you can try is Roadkil’s Unstoppable Copier. It is also a similar software that is capable of recovering data from damaged or scratched discs. If the recovery is taking too long you can also pause, save and resume sessions at some other time.

roadkil   How To Repair Damaged CDs Or DVDs & Recover Data

If you use Linux you can try ddrescue for recovery needs. It is a command line tool offering plenty of options as you can see below:

ddrescue   How To Repair Damaged CDs Or DVDs & Recover Data

Attempt to repair the damaged CDs

toothpastefull   How To Repair Damaged CDs Or DVDs & Recover DataIf the disc has profound scratches you can try to repair those scratches to make the disc playable again. The best way to do this is to use a whitening toothpaste or some polish (specially those used by opticians) although Brasso also works.

  • brasso   How To Repair Damaged CDs Or DVDs & Recover DataFirst clean the surface of the disc with a soft lint-free cloth. You can use a gentle detergent (or rubbing alcohol) if there are some grease spots. Make sure there are no finger prints or dust particles. Don’t scrub too hard as you may do more harm than good this way.
  • Now apply some toothpaste or polish on the scratched surface. It is best to start with a minimum amount of either, or else you will have your work really cut out trying to buff away the remainder.
  • Now rub gently with a cloth moving from the center outwards.

If you did a good job, you will actually see the scratch diminishing, or if it was a faint one, it might just disappear.

The success with this method varies greatly. It is hit and miss. I have had an equal amount of successes and failures. Sometimes it works allowing you to even read data from that part, other times it is of no use at all.

Some Tips

  • Try recovery in a CD/DVD writer as opposed to a reader. Writers are generally more precise and can see the tracks better.
  • If possible try recovery on the same drive that was used to create the disc. Chances of a good read have been found to increase if you use the same drive or at least the same manufacturer.
  • If nothing helps you can go to music stores and show them your disc. Such stores usually have a CD refinishing machine and may be able to do a better job.
  • As soon as any of the above methods works, don’t think even twice and just create another copy of the disc.
  • Buy good quality media.
  • Take good care of your CDs

If nothing helps

If none of the above helps then maybe it’s time to use the disc as a coaster. However you can put them to some more constructive uses also, like create a spectroscope or a shuriken throwing star or a mobile phone holder.

Do you know some other clever ways to get data back from a damaged CD/DVD?  Or if the disk is ruined, do you have any novel ideas for what to turn the disk into apart from a coaster? Here is your chance, share it with the world in the comments section.

The comments were closed because the article is more than 180 days old.

If you have any questions related to what's mentioned in the article or need help with any computer issue, ask it on MakeUseOf Answers—We and our community will be more than happy to help.



I like the other uses of a disc.. :)


you can also use a banana peel. just clean the disk, then rub the peel everywhere, then clean it off with a wet cloth. I did it with a scratched up COD4 disk and it started working perfectly.

Varun Kashyap

Yeah, I have heard about banana peel being used for similar purposes but never tried it.
Good you got your disc back, hopefully you backed it up by now.


Pledge or other liquid furniture polish also works well as a last resort. Spray it on, wipe the disk so only a thin film remains, and often it will fill in the scratches enough to enable you to peel the data off.


A TERM THAT MEANS The major varieties of Shuriken are the Bō Shuriken (棒手裏剣, Stick Shuriken) and the Hira Shuriken (平手裏剣, Flat Shuriken), or Shaken (車剣, also read as Kurumaken, Wheel Shuriken).


WTF! What you wanna say??? :O

BTW Really nice article. I will try this. Got a plethora of dirt covered cd’s and dvd’s


Rubbing compound or jewelers rouge should work as well as Brasso to polish out scratches. The risky thing here is you can polish too much of the plastic away in one spot and unbalance the disk. Unbalanced disks can shatter in a drive.


Generally using spirit will do the good job.


My son has literally damaged the DVD disc, all their Memory fotos had been copied on to that disc, please suggest me some solution as to how to retirve that data back .



What about Blue ray disc’s?


really awesome software,, thank you for sharing ,,if possible keep touch wid my site too..


I have a few DVD movies that are totally screwed up and at a certain chapter, it just freezes and skips to the next part. I tried every DVD repair technique and they still won’t work! The movies I own that are messed up are The Mummy, Godzilla 2000, The Thing and Bruce Almighty. Please let me know if you have any suggestions on what I should do. Thank you


Anybody got any ideas how I can repair the CENTRE part of a DVD ??….I have one of family when we were young, which is priceless, but now so badly damaged I cannot play it…It’s not badly scratched but the centre of the disk is just a mess!

Big installer

Thanx for article! I have one damaged CD with a lot images, and I can recover them, but I’m used other tool named Max Data Recovery.