How to Create Copyright and Trademark Symbols via Keystrokes [Windows]

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copyrightThis post came about because I was searching for ways to create a copyright symbol for a batch of graphics in Photoshop. Working inside a graphical environment makes one depend too much on the tools and menus. A “C” and a stroked elliptical marquee around it, said my right brain. But then my left brain remembered that there are shortcut keys available for special characters and symbols in Microsoft Word.

Hey presto! A bit of rummaging about and I discovered the shortcuts which helped me apply the copyright/trademark symbols with a keystroke.

The copyright (©), trademark (â„¢) and the registered (®) symbols are obligatorily required to protect the original source of any document or product. If it falls under a copyright act, it needs to be marked out as such. And if you are a person given such a task for any work that goes on the net, it helps to know these timesavers.

Inserting a copyright, registered or trademark symbol in Microsoft Word

In MS Word, these symbols can be inserted from the Insert ““ Symbol dropdown menu. If the symbol is not there, click on More Symbols to see the huge list for each different font.



But to save time, applying the symbols with keystrokes is always better. The shortcut keys are ““

Ctrl+Alt+C=© (The Copyright Symbol)
Alternatively, type an open parenthesis ““ type a c and close the parenthesis. MS Word automatically creates the symbol.

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Ctrl+Alt+T=TM (The Trademark Symbol)
Alternatively, type an open parenthesis ““ type tm and close the parenthesis. MS Word automatically creates the symbol.

Ctrl+Alt+R=® (The Registered Symbol)
Alternatively, type an open parenthesis ““ type r and close the parenthesis. MS Word automatically creates the symbol.

Inserting a copyright, registered or trademark symbol in any Windows applications

In any Windows application like Notepad or Photoshop, the numeric keypad is used in combination with the Alt key. Activate the numeric keypad by pressing the NumLock key.

  • For the Copyright symbol (©) Hold the Alt key down and type 0169.
  • For the Trademark symbol (TM) Hold the Alt key down and type 0153.
  • For the Registered symbol (®) Hold the Alt key down and type 0174.

Inserting a copyright, registered or trademark symbol in HTML

In any HTML coding application, HTML symbols can be created using the same number combination in the source code but prefixed with &# and a semi-colon in the end.

© – ©
Alternatively, for copyright symbols, © can also be used.

™ – TM
Alternatively, for trademark symbols, ™ can also be used.

® – ®
Alternatively, for registered symbols, ® can also be used.

Points to note

  • The clarity of the symbols may need to be adjusted by changing either the font size or the font itself.
  • The copyright symbol is always on the baseline.
  • The trademark â„¢ symbol is always superscripted.
  • The registered trademark symbol can be on the baseline or superscripted.
  • The Windows Character Map accessed via Programs ““ Accessories ““ System Tools can also be used to copy-paste the symbols. With the huge list of characters, finding them is a chore.character-map

These shortcuts prove that sometimes a keystroke is faster than several clicks of mouse. If you think that this timesaver tip is worth your while, drop us a note – as usual, in the comments.

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14 Comments - Write a Comment


Jonathan Bailey

First off, thanks for the shortcuts, they are very helpful. I’m going to bookmark this as even us copyright guys tend to forget these things. On that note, here are the Mac shortcuts:

OPTION+2 = â„¢

One final note, it is worth clarifying that you do NOT need to use the copyright symbol for it to be protected under the law. It is a good idea to do it both for clarity reasons and ensure that an infringer is a willful one, but it is not a requirement for copyright protection.

That takes place once you fix a work into a tangible medium of expression.

Also, you should only use the ® symbol with a registered trademark. You can use ™ with any trademark that you have not filed. However, as with copyright, it is not necessary for protection as that is earned by using a name, logo or slogan as part of your business.

Hope that helps!


Thanks so much…yes, it does help a lot:)



Quite informative..Thanks for sharing!



no doubt this is useful. but in april 2009 released a free typography keyboard layout for windows and mac to cater to this requirement.

you can insert all sorts of frequently used special characters into any application through easily remember-able key combinations.

for more details read this post :

i personally found it very useful. do try it.

— fullfx


That was a great link…thanks:)



Yesterday I needed to do this in Photoshop. None of those worked directly. I had to do it in word, then copy and paste.

Guy McDowell

You could keep .psd’s with the characters in them for copy and paste. Or maybe set up a PhotoShop action for it. Then you’d just have to manipulate the font options.



In addition to what Jonathan said (regarding not actually needing anything except the registered trademark symbol), it’s also worth mentioning that there are valid text replacements defined by the Copyright and Trademark Offices, for those who don’t have access to fancier typography.

You’ll note that many books mention “X is a registered trademark of XYZ Corp;” “Copyright” and “Copr” are also interchangeable with the copyright symbol, which, again, is no longer required by any United States law–copyright is automatic with publication.

Jonathan Bailey

Good points all around. Another common “cheat” is to use parenthesis (c). You see this a lot in text files whose encoding does not support the full © symbol.

Same goes for just TM instead of â„¢.

Excellent point.



For use in HTML, the best thing to do is go to a character reference page and then you can just copy and paste the character itself right into your source – you only need to use entities if you are still using ASCII as your encoding, but everything should be in unicode these days.
The character reference I use is from calcResult.



Quite informative.Thanks for sharing!!



Thank you very much, the information was useful and easy to understand. Thanks again!



Thanks, I guess I was blind when I went through the list twice!




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