Copy the entirety of one hard drive to another. It’s called cloning, and it’s an important process if you want to replace or upgrade the primary hard drive in your computer. Cloning isn’t the same as backing up. When a drive is cloned you have a perfect copy of everything that was on it – the operating system, the software and all of the files included. When you clone a hard drive you recreate its entire environment, partitions and all.
Why clone a drive? Sometimes it’s because you’re current hard drive is failing. Sometimes it’s because you want to upgrade to a bigger drive. And sometimes it’s to ensure you have a complete and total backup of your work environment should something go terribly wrong.
We’ve covered quite a few free tools for cloning hard drives here at MakeUseOf. There’s Clonezilla, a free advanced hard drive cloning tool based on Linux. There’s also Redo Backup and Recovery, which allows you to back up any drive in its entirety. Personally, I like to use Parted Magic, a complete hard drive toolbox to clone drives. This Linux-based live CD does everything Clonezilla does but also offers a GUI and a plethora of other tools for hard drive partitioning and maintenance. No home should be without a copy, and it’s free, so download it now.
Cloning a drive with Parted Magic isn’t extremely difficult, but it’s also not completely intuitive. If you regularly call yourself “computer illiterate” please do not attempt this. Ever. Consult a technically minded friend or find a professional.
If you like getting your hands dirty and learning things, though, you can totally handle this. Let’s work through the process, step-by-step, and clone a drive together. The process I’m outlining here uses a live CD, and should work for Windows, Mac and Linux users (or anyone combining the three systems in any way).
Step One: Prepare The Drives
Just to be perfectly clear about terminology, your “source drive” is the drive you want to make a copy of. Your “destination drive” is the drive you want to copy everything to.
You’re going to need both your source and your destination drives to be connected to a computer in order to clone. Assuming your source drive is already in your computer, simply install your destination drive to your second hard drive slot. If you don’t have a second hard drive slot, or otherwise can’t install your destination drive, use a USB adapter – these are easily found online if you don’t have one handy, or ask a techie friend if you can borrow one. They’ll know what you’re talking about.
Once your source and your destination drive are connected to your computer it’s time to get the software we need, so keep reading.
Step Two: Burn & Boot Parted Magic
Before we begin we need a bootable copy of Parted Magic, so head to PartedMagic and download the latest ISO file. An ISO is a virtual CD which you can easily burn to disk in Windows, Mac or Linux. You typically need only to double-click or right-click it and the option to burn to disk will be presented.
Windows XP users: check out ISO Recorder.
If you don’t have a CD drive, or want to simply avoid using a CD for the job, don’t worry – you can boot from a USB key. Using uNetBootin you can write the ISO to a flash drive you can boot from.
Now you need only reboot your computer and boot from your CD or flash drive. How to do this varies depending on your computer, but there are usually on-screen instructions immediately after you turn on your computer. Consult your computer’s documentation if you need help.
Once you’ve managed to boot Parted Magic you’ll be presented with a desktop you’re not familiar with:
Don’t panic, this is easy to use. Use the partition editor if you’d like to make any changes to your partitioning, or just advance to the next step.
Step Three: Clone!
Okay, it’s time to clone the drive. Double-click the “Disk Cloning” icon on the desktop and you’ll be presented with a text-based interface in a window:
Don’t panic! The process isn’t that hard. Read everything carefully; use the arrow keys to navigate, the space bar to select things and the enter key to confirm your choices.
Regarding your first choice – cloning to an image is great for a backup and generally considered safe; cloning directly to another drive is the fastest way to completely copy one drive to another.
This cloning software is based on Clonezilla, so read this article if you want more details about usage. Basically, follow the steps and tell the software what to do.
A quick note on drive names: if you’re a Windows user you will not see the “Letter names” that you are used to (C:\, D:\ etc). Instead you will see names like this - SDA1, SDA2, SDB1. These seemingly archaic names are followed by the actual name of the drive (ie, WINDOWS).
To explain the numbering system: the “SD” stands for storage device. The letter after that lets you know which physical drive a given partition is on. The number after that letter lets you know which partition is being talked about. You’ll probably be able to determine which drive is which based on the names of the partitions and their sizes, but pay attention, you could potentially delete all of your files forever if you don’t.
Check out this documentation if you’re at all confused, but generally just follow the steps and accomplish your goal.
There you have it, you now know how to clone your hard drive. You’re now ready to completely back up your hard drive.
Do you know of a better tool or process for the job? Share in the comments below, along with any thoughts you have about Clonezilla or Parted Magic.
Oh, and a quick note about a problem I recently ran into. If you’re cloning from a large drive to a smaller one, you need to shrink the partitions so that they’ll fit, deleting any partitions you don’t want to keep in the process. It sucks, but it’s true. Check out this PDF on the process if you’re having trouble.