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As you may know, 2014 hasn’t been a good year for privacy. An ever-increasing pool of people are interested in you.

Numerous publications revelled in the private lives of celebrities, but 2014 was also the year the spotlight shone on the general public. Can we learn anything from these breaches?

They say that if you don’t pay for something, you are the product. Here’s how your privacy was infringed upon in just 12 months…

The NSA

What Happened?

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We all know our governments keep tabs on what we do, but it’s the extent of their interest in us that sometimes comes as a shock. Last year, we investigated PRISM, the National Security Agency’s surveillance program What Is PRISM? Everything You Need to Know What Is PRISM? Everything You Need to Know The National Security Agency in the US has access to whatever data you're storing with US service providers like Google Microsoft, Yahoo, and Facebook. They're also likely monitoring most of the traffic flowing across the... Read More , and found out that even your emails aren’t private Why Email Can't Be Protected From Government Surveillance Why Email Can't Be Protected From Government Surveillance “If you knew what I know about email, you might not use it either,” said the owner of secure email service Lavabit as he recently shut it down. "There is no way to do encrypted... Read More .

This year, it turns out that showing any interest in online privacy at all will get you on the NSA’s Watch List Your Interest in Privacy Will Ensure You're Targeted By The NSA Your Interest in Privacy Will Ensure You're Targeted By The NSA Read More . And yes, because you clicked on this very article, your name is likely to be jotted down.

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Is It Still An Issue & What Can You Do About It?

It’s absolutely an ongoing issue. Fortunately, while the NSA admits to collecting data on basically everyone, they only track a limited number of individuals who are clearly looking to break the law.

Except “suspicious activity” hasn’t been defined. It’s this grey area that makes so many people nervous.

We looked into bypassing PRISM and the like Can You Escape Internet Surveillance Programs Like PRISM? Can You Escape Internet Surveillance Programs Like PRISM? Ever since Edward Snowden blew the whistle on PRISM, the NSA's no longer secret surveillance program, we know one thing with certainty: nothing that happens online can be considered private. Can you really escape the... Read More … and concluded that “you cannot escape international intelligence agencies.” Encryption will probably just get you higher up on the NSA’s list of people to watch. This is a scary world we live in.

DRIP

What Happened?

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Naturally, it’s not just the US Government checking up on our activities: the British Government decided to react against a ruling by the European Court of Justice in April, and halfway through 2014, the Data Retention and Investigatory Powers Bill, nicknamed DRIP Privacy In The UK: The Data Retention And Investigation Powers Bill Privacy In The UK: The Data Retention And Investigation Powers Bill Read More or the ‘snooping law’, was rushed through parliament.

DRIP forces Internet providers to retain data for up to 12 months, at odds with the European Convention on Human Rights. Information from your telecommunications is stored, ready for use by the government or service providers (for market research purposes) for 12 months – or even longer if the Powers That Be decide it’s worth keeping hold of.

Is It Still An Issue & What Can You Do About It?

This remains a very real concern for UK citizens.

Courts across Europe (including Germany, the Czech Republic, and Bulgaria) rejected mass data retention as unconstitutional, and even Labour MP, Tom Watson, argued that DRIP was “democratic banditry resonant of a rogue state.”

But it’s now too late to do anything.

Sure, some kicked up, but they were soon buried under column inches about ‘bigger news’ like Operation Yewtree. As ever, the spin was that, without DRIP, “innocent lives may be lost.” Mention terrorism and all sorts of things can be brushed under the rug – whether that’s so-called ‘Emergency’ powers, or occupational torture. With that outlook, it’s hard not to argue that an Act like DRIP is inevitable.

The Usual Suspects

What Happened?

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Just how do they keep track of us all? Quite simply, we volunteer information about ourselves!

Most of us, for instance, use Google. It’s a great search engine. It also collects data on you Five Things Google Probably Knows About You Five Things Google Probably Knows About You Read More . Google knows where you live, what you’re interested in, and can root through your Gmail The Gmail Panopticon: The End of Privacy As We Know It? The Gmail Panopticon: The End of Privacy As We Know It? Read More . If that wasn’t bad enough, you’re very easy to profile How Much Does Google Really Know About You? How Much Does Google Really Know About You? Read More .

Social networks do it too: using those social share buttons can reveal your online trail Should You Think Twice Before Logging In Using Social Accounts? Should You Think Twice Before Logging In Using Social Accounts? Read More , but it’s not the sole seemingly-innocent activity that might be more trouble 4 Seemingly Innocent Online Activities That Track Your Behavior 4 Seemingly Innocent Online Activities That Track Your Behavior Read More than it’s worth.

Tinfoleak is an effective way of scaring Twitter users How Anyone Can Find Your Personal Details Via Twitter With Tinfoleak How Anyone Can Find Your Personal Details Via Twitter With Tinfoleak Read More by presenting an alarming amount of data about them, including where they live, interests (via hashtags), and how often they’re interacting with certain people.

Then there’s Facebook. The masses of photos some upload is astonishing. Perhaps this is a sign of our growing obsession with self, but it can also be submission of privacy – especially if your photo privacy settings Facebook Photo Privacy Settings You Need To Know About Facebook Photo Privacy Settings You Need To Know About Read More aren’t monitored. The tagging ability can be particularly concerning. It’s easy to believe that Facebook is a spy in your household Three Reasons To Believe Facebook Might Be Used to Spy On You Three Reasons To Believe Facebook Might Be Used to Spy On You Facebook could be used against you. Privacy is something that should concern everyone, yet social networking blurs the line between right and wrong. Read More .

Is It Still An Issue & What Can You Do About It?

Services like Google, Facebook, and Yahoo are sure to monitor your behaviour throughout 2015 (and likely 2016, 2017, 2018…), just as they have in 2014. It’s these sorts of sites that have been sharing data with security-surveillance organizations.

You can’t really take full advantage without sacrificing a little privacy. You’re not powerless, however:  there are ways to protect yourself on Facebook How To Protect Yourself On Facebook How To Protect Yourself On Facebook Here's a list of do's and don'ts to keep yourself safe on Facebook. Read More , for instance; use private browsing (there are many benefits to that 4 Uses for Browsing in Privacy Mode (That Isn't Porn) 4 Uses for Browsing in Privacy Mode (That Isn't Porn) Read More ); enable privacy plug-ins; or switch to a search engine that doesn’t track you, like duckduckgo.

Heartbleed

What Happened?

This was a huge shocker back in April. Using https:// has always seemed safe, but it was discovered that there was a vulnerability in OpenSSL so-called-secure servers. Discovered by Google, in collaboration with Codenomicon, Heartbleed caused a lot of panic, egged on by overzealous media incorrectly shouting “virus!” from the rooftops.

As it exposed a major flaw in a large part of the Internet and wasn’t confined to one particular operating system, it’s perhaps one of the greatest threats to security Heartbleed – What Can You Do To Stay Safe? Heartbleed – What Can You Do To Stay Safe? Read More , but also your privacy.

Popular sites affected by Heartbleed included Instagram, Pinterest, and WordPress, as well as Yahoo and Google’s email services. Mumsnet alerted its users that passwords and private messages might have been acquired by attackers, and many others were advising users to change their passwords (and create more secure ones Secure Passwords: Generate A Different Password For Every Website Secure Passwords: Generate A Different Password For Every Website Read More ).

Is It Still An Issue & What Can You Do About It?

Many sites issued statements either stating they’d not been victim to Heartbleed or that the vulnerability had been patched. But if you use the same password for different sites and haven’t changed them since April’s panic alert, third-parties might still have access to your details – maybe even your emails.

Mashable has a great list of services affected by Heartbleed, so make sure you check that out. Or for smaller sites, this is an excellent search tool that’ll likely put your mind at ease.

Otherwise, it’s a waiting game to find out what information has come from Heartbleed.

The Snappening

What Happened?

Launching in September 2011, there are now 100 million monthly active Snapchat users. The app lets you take a photo, add a caption, and send it to someone, only for it to supposedly be deleted seconds afterwards. That sort of service lends itself to some very intimate moments, as you can imagine.

Now, we don’t have to imagine. Those with dubious interests stumbled upon The Snappening The Snappening: Hundreds of Thousands of Snapchats May Have Been Leaked The Snappening: Hundreds of Thousands of Snapchats May Have Been Leaked Read More , a large leak of images from apps similar to Snapchat, notably Snapsave. Early reports stated that up to 20,000 accounts had been breached (fortunately, the hack wasn’t as large as originally stated), with images appearing all over the net, but especially on 4chan.

4chan, of course, is the message board notorious for Celebgate, which saw nude photos of celebrities How A "Minor" Data Breach Made Headline News & Ruined Reputations How A "Minor" Data Breach Made Headline News & Ruined Reputations Read More like Jennifer Lawrence and Kate Upton hit the public domain; The Snappening is a similar breach of privacy, only to the general public.

There was a worrying amount of glee on show at the peepshow into people’s lives, but the big concern was that many images could be classed as child abuse photos. Snapchat admits that the majority of its users fall between the ages of 13 and 17.

Is It Still An Issue & What Can You Do About It?

They’re out there now, sadly. But we should all learn from this. We need to value our privacy more and be very careful with what we share and with whom.

And be extra attentive with services that save photos, whether they be Snapsave or even just social networking. Using the aforementioned Tinfoleak, you can even download every picture on a Twitter feed effortlessly.

Let’s Keep This Between You And Me

Privacy is something we should all hold dear, but on the Internet, it’s something we simply don’t get; it’s likely that 2015 will continue this trend, even if it is something that users really need to get a grip of.

Regarding DRIP, The Guardian columnist, Simon Jenkins satirically stoked the flames: “the innocent have nothing to fear. Only the guilty can object.”

If you have nothing to hide…

Image Credits: Dark series Via Shutterstock, Department for Business, Innovation, and Skills.

  1. ReadandShare
    December 30, 2014 at 7:48 pm

    Pick your poison:

    China - publicly praises the value of internet filtering and surveillance. What you see is what you get.

    United States - publicly praises transparency and the rule of law (and lectures the rest of the world tirelessly) -- but secretly (until Snowden anyway) tracks your every move -- with secret courts and secret judges. Intermediaries turning your files over to the government MAY NOT advise you if instructed by the government not to.

    • Dmitry
      December 31, 2014 at 3:37 pm

      That's why some people 'overseas' began migration from international US-registered services to local ones - while your own gov't swore to protect and uphold your country's citizens' right, this is not so for foreign governments and companies.
      Not to mention that there's first signs that 'global' internet 2.0+ is about to fracture among politically-geographical lines just like financial system is about to. For.ex. google refused to create local data-processing center that is required by new russian personal data protection law so it's very possible that it'll be banned in Federation.

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