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Apple has a large fan following, and Steve Jobs was famous for his reality distortion field. Some people can get caught up in that. Rumors, misinformation, and propaganda have made it difficult to separate the facts from the fiction. You might be surprised: Apple didn’t invent as many things as you think…

For instance, take the recent controversy started by Daring Fireball’s John Gruber, one of the must-follow Twitter accounts for Apple fanboys 8 Essential Twitter Accounts For Apple Fanboys 8 Essential Twitter Accounts For Apple Fanboys I’m not an Apple fanboy myself but I do know a few. They don’t deserve the treatment they receive, and have done throughout history. They’re still human, and still people who need love and attention... Read More . On a podcast, Gruber claimed that Apple “basically invented” the new USB-C standard What Is USB Type-C? What Is USB Type-C? Ah, the USB plug. It is as ubiquitous now as it is notorious for never being able to be plugged in right the first time. Read More , without offering any substantial proof. This myth was busted, but not before being picked up by several other blogs and getting people talking about it.

Don’t be surprised if a few years later, you hear about how USB-C was an Apple invention. The company is full of innovators and inventors, and they deserve credit for the amazing things they create. But often, credit is misplaced. And even Steve Jobs admits that the company steals…

“Steals” is a strong word. Apple is arguably the best in the world at taking existing technologies and cohesively meshing them into a single product. Former executive John-Louise Gassee wrote that Apple hasn’t invented anything, but is more like a great chef. Their expertise lies in taking existing ingredients available to everyone and bringing them together into a delicious dish never imagined before.

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MacWorld’s John Moltz describes this as “reinventing, not inventing“. It’s an argument that often dissolves into the semantic meaning of “invention”, “basically invented”, “innovation”, “reinvented”, and other variants. Let’s not get into that.

What we do want to talk about is the notion among a large part of the public that Apple envisioned and created something new and spectacular, which no one had thought of before them. Often, that’s not true.

Myth 1: Apple Invented the Computer Mouse and GUI

Computers used to be all about keyboards and command lines. Apple is often credited with changing that by inventing the computer mouse and operating system that uses it. The graphical user interface (GUI), in particular, is something many people believe Apple created.

But that’s not the case. Xerox actually invented the GUI and the mouse at its Palo Alto Research Center (PARC). The rise and fall and rise of Apple The Rise And Fall And Rise Of Apple: A Brief History The Rise And Fall And Rise Of Apple: A Brief History The success of Apple indeed lies with their attitude of "Thinking Differently". While the company may not have always been heralded as a success, their strength over the years has come from great vision and... Read More makes it clear that when Jobs visited the PARC, he was so impressed by the Xerox Alto computer’s GUI and mouse, and decided he needed it in Apple.

Jobs actually completely believed that he was the inventor of the GUI and not Xerox, and accused Microsoft CEO Bill Gates (who had also seen the Xerox Alto) of stealing the idea. In the authorized Steve Jobs biography iRead: 7 Books About Steve Jobs All Apple Fans Should Own iRead: 7 Books About Steve Jobs All Apple Fans Should Own We have selected the best books written about Steve Jobs and Apple. These seven tomes provide all the information on Jobs you'll need to know, and a lot more besides. Read More , author Walter Isaacson recalls the event:

“You’re ripping us off!” Jobs shouted. “I trusted you, and now you’re stealing from us!” Gates just sat there coolly, looking Steve in the eye, before hurling back, in his squeaky voice, what became a classic zinger. “Well, Steve, I think there’s more than one way of looking at it. I think it’s more like we both had this rich neighbor named Xerox and I broke into his house to steal the TV set and found out that you had already stolen it.”

If you want to know more about how Apple stole Xerox’s idea, check out part three of the Everything Is A Remix series Everything Is A Remix: A Four-Part Look At Copying & Derivative Works [Stuff to Watch] Everything Is A Remix: A Four-Part Look At Copying & Derivative Works [Stuff to Watch] Take a good look at your favourite album, movie or even the expensive smartphone in your pocket – there's a good chance they were copied, sampled and assembled from someone else's original idea. Read More .

Myth 2: Apple Invented Touchscreen Phones

Did Apple change the smartphone industry with the iPhone? Definitely!

Did Apple make the very first touchscreen phone? Nope. Not even close.

For years before the iPhone came out, Palm was the king of the smartphone world. They were called Pocket PCs then, and they mostly ran on Windows Mobile. The Palm T5 is often cited as an example of a great touchscreen phone that came out years before the iPhone.

The iPhone did a great job of making it easier to use smartphones, and make it a technology for regular users and not just professionals, among other things that make it a great mobile 5 Reasons To Choose iPhone Over Android [Opinion] 5 Reasons To Choose iPhone Over Android [Opinion] If you’re considering buying your first smartphone, you’ve got a fairly big decision to make. As well as choosing a carrier, plan and minimum contract period you then have to trawl through the barrage of... Read More . Jobs was adamant that ditching the stylus and using human fingers was the way forward, which was only one of the great innovations in the iPhone.

But the iPhone was definitely not the first touchscreen phone around, it wasn’t even the first iPhone-like smartphone: the LG Prada beat it by a month.

Myth 3: Apple Invented “Retina Display”

This is perhaps the most infuriating of all of Apple’s supposed inventions. People swear by the “Retina Display”, but it’s actually nothing more than a high resolution screen – something that’s been around for ages.

Retina Display is actually just marketing lingo for existing tech, and one of those common display technologies you should know Common Mobile Display Technologies You Should Know Common Mobile Display Technologies You Should Know When you're comparing different mobile devices, whether they're phones, tablets, e-readers, or laptops, one of the differentiating features can be the display technology. But do you know the differences? Read More . In simple terms, it indicates that the pixel density on the screen is higher than can be distinguished by the human eye at a normal distance.

However, screen size and “normal distance” changes according to the gadget used. So while “Full HD” means 1920×1080 pixels no matter what screen you’re talking about, the definition of “Retina Display” can change according to resolution, ideal normal distance, and screen size.

More importantly, before Apple ever introduced the term, there were several phones and laptops which had resolutions higher than Retina Display on iPhones or MacBooks. While Retina Display can be a game-changer Why The iPad 3’s Retina Display Is A Game Changer [Opinion] Why The iPad 3’s Retina Display Is A Game Changer [Opinion] Apple went to significant trouble to stuff a Retina display in the new iPad. The battery had to be made bigger to provide the same endurance with more pixels, so the entire chassis is a... Read More , it’s not an Apple invention: it’s just marketing.

Myth 4: Apple Invented Video Calling

Once again, this is a great example of marketing. “FaceTime” is just a type of video chat Don't Forget You Can Make & Receive FaceTime Calls On Your Mac Don't Forget You Can Make & Receive FaceTime Calls On Your Mac Apple's FaceTime is seen in many of its commercials, but some Mac users may not realize that the application is also available for use on their desktop computer. Read More , but video chat itself has been around for a long, long time before that. Heck, by the time FaceTime debuted, Skype was already a big deal.

There is actually nothing innovative about FaceTime when you compare it to many of the existing video chat services available at that time. In fact, FaceTime offered fewer features and didn’t work as well as many of them. Its only appeal was how easy it was to use if you already had an iPhone and so did the person you wanted to talk to.

Since then, not much has changed honestly. Current video calling solutions still continue to outpace FaceTime in innovation, and in fact you can make cross-platform video calls for free Best Smartphone Apps for Free Cross-Platform Video Calls Best Smartphone Apps for Free Cross-Platform Video Calls It doesn't matter your platform -- from Mac to PC to Android and everything in between -- one of these apps will let you make video calls. Read More , so there really is no reason to keep yourself hooked into the FaceTime world alone.

Apple hasn’t given up on FaceTime, which was recently heavily featured in hit TV show Modern Family – an entire episode  was set in it. Yet another example of how Apple makes you buy stuff through Hollywood influences How Apple Owns Hollywood, and Makes You Buy Its Products How Apple Owns Hollywood, and Makes You Buy Its Products It seems that any film -- no matter what genre -- features an Apple product. In fact, Apple products constantly pop up in Hollywood movies. As we're about to explore. Read More . But even if you continue to use it, please know that the company didn’t invent video chat, it has been around for long before Apple ever made it.

Myth 5: Apple Invented the MP3 Player and Digital Music Store

The iPod was the breakout product that put Apple back on the map as a serious technology company, complete with the iTunes digital music store. But Apple wasn’t the first to do either of those things.

In the history of portable music players Tunes On The Go: From The Walkman To The iPod & Beyond [Geek History] Tunes On The Go: From The Walkman To The iPod & Beyond [Geek History] Your children will never know what it’s like to have the batteries on a personal cassette player start to run out, as the music slows by a noticeable couple of BPM and Bruce Dickinson’s vocals... Read More , several MP3 players came before we ever saw the iPod in 2001. Among them, the Diamond Rio PMP3000 and the Creative Nomad were probably the most famous, but several other companies released portable MP3 players too.

To its credit, the iPod was easier to use, in no small part because of the new click wheel — a genuine Apple invention that it deserves credit for. However, even if the iPod is one of those iconic Apple products that some people might still want to buy Should You Buy Apple's Best iPod Touch Ever? Should You Buy Apple's Best iPod Touch Ever? The new sixth generation iPod Touch is the best iPod Apple has ever made, but it suffers from one fatal flaw: nobody actually needs one. Read More , you’re mistaken in thinking Apple invented MP3 players.

You know what the funny part is? So many people still think Apple invented the iPod, but Apple itself admitted it didn’t.

As for the digital music store, Ritmoteca was selling music in 1998 and signed up major labels like Sony, Warner, and Universal, which meant it distributed some of the hottest musical stars at the time, including U2 and Britney Spears. Ritmoteca went belly-up in the dot-com bubble burst, partly because of the combination of iTunes and iPod.

Be that as it may, Apple didn’t come up with the idea of selling MP3s, and it also didn’t come up with the idea of streaming music with Apple Music. Spotify has existed for some time, and is partly the reason music consumption has evolved in a way where even iTunes sales and paid music downloads are declining iTunes Sales Are Declining – Is This the End of Paid Music Downloads? iTunes Sales Are Declining – Is This the End of Paid Music Downloads? Spotify is replacing iTunes for many users – will that tend continue? Read More now.

Did Steve Jobs Take Everyone for a Ride?

Picasso had a saying, “Good artists copy, great artists steal.” And we have always been shameless about stealing great ideas. — Steve Jobs

Discuss.

  1. Farhan Ghazi
    November 17, 2015 at 11:16 am

    Nice

  2. Gilad Nass
    October 24, 2015 at 10:20 am

    Isn't it ironic that in a piece meant to set the facts straight the author writes "Apple hasn’t given up on FaceTime and recently even paid hit TV show Modern Family to set an entire episode in it", but if you actually go to the article in which he links to you find this: "In part, that’s because—surprise!—Apple didn’t pay a cent to be involved."

    • Mihir Patkar
      October 26, 2015 at 11:15 am

      Ha, totally got me there! I didn't know Apple had denied paying Modern Family anything for that, but that they just sent over new Macs, iPads and iPhones to the crew. I'll change it, thanks Gilad!

      • Gilad Nass
        October 26, 2015 at 12:05 pm

        :)

        The fact that it was Apple's communication's products that were used in the show tells us that even if you don't "say" that Apple invented a category/product/technology, their products are the first that come to mind when you need to depict a product/technology/category.

        • Mihir Patkar
          October 26, 2015 at 12:58 pm

          Oh I agree about Apple's brand recall. I'm more concerned about how many people think they invented something, instead of popularizing something. Let me put it this way: It's like people who think The Magnificent Seven invented a category of movies, without knowing that Shichinin No Samurai exists.

  3. hildyblog
    October 23, 2015 at 5:12 pm

    You could add the metal unibody phone that Apple HTC created and Apple popularized to an extent that HTC has to defend its latest A9 phone as a logical progression from their M7 phone and not an iClone.

    Apple is an excellent design and marketing company, just not a technologically innovative one, as a glance at the R of their R&D budget will show.

    • Mihir Patkar
      October 26, 2015 at 11:20 am

      Yeah, I was surprised by the short memory people had on that one too.

  4. joe banana
    October 23, 2015 at 5:01 pm

    Apple was sued by the Beatles over copyright infringement, and the only reason "Apple" got to keep it's stolen name was to swear it would NEVER get into the "music business". LIARS.

    • Mihir Patkar
      October 26, 2015 at 11:23 am

      I don't see any such agreement, Joe. I assume this is the case you're referring to, could you point me to where it says that? https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apple_Corps_v_Apple_Computer

      • joe banana
        October 28, 2015 at 4:19 pm

        No, I wasn't referring to any article, I was paraphrasing the memory I personally have of the event. Yeah, I'm that old. I still even have my original Z-80 "computer", and can remember when typewriters were IBM's big seller. My first IBM machine had a whopping 38Mb HDD. Remember, Apple has the power to "wipe" just about anything they want to.

        • Mihir Patkar
          October 30, 2015 at 4:29 am

          Aah ok. I don't think there was ever an agreement about Apple not getting into the music business. I mean, that lawsuit was settled much after iPod and iTunes, so I don't see how that condition would even be discussed.

        • joe banana
          October 30, 2015 at 5:06 pm

          The law suit I was referring to was long before iPod's, it was around the time of the Mackintosh, or the Apple II. Not long after Apple started up.

        • joe banana
          October 30, 2015 at 5:08 pm

          Way before flash mnemory

        • joe banana
          October 30, 2015 at 5:09 pm

          Back when HDD's were the size of mini-vans.

  5. James Winnett
    October 23, 2015 at 2:29 pm

    I had an Ericsson R380 in 1999 which was probably the first device that resembles what people would call a touchscreen smartphone today. The first device to call itself a smartphone was from AT&T in '95. As for MP3 players, the really funny thing is that Apple devices didn't even play MP3s until relatively recently. The iPod, early iPhone and iTunes all supported AAC, not MP3. I think it was gen 3 or 4 before the iPod finally supported the format the rest of the world was using.

    • Mihir Patkar
      October 26, 2015 at 11:23 am

      Oh hey, that's true, early iPods were AAC only, not MP3! I forgot about that. Good catch, James!

  6. Das Fluchen
    October 23, 2015 at 1:41 pm

    Let's not forget about Apple Pay with iPhone 6. Even though, NFC enabled devices running Android started with the KitKat (4.4.#) version back in 2013 Apple marketed it as a new idea for their iSheeple. They made it seem as new technology but never actually said so...they just used the Steve Jobs douchebaggery technic of the "The Grant Unveiling".

    It all about marketing and that's what Steve did best....bull sh!tting the masses.

    • Chinmay Sarupria
      October 24, 2015 at 2:44 pm

      Apple never said it invented Apple Pay but the world knows it is much better than Android Pay.

    • Mihir Patkar
      October 26, 2015 at 11:24 am

      To be fair, Android didn't start NFC-enabled payment either. The tech has been around for some time.

  7. Jon Glass
    October 23, 2015 at 1:31 pm

    I dunno. Last time I checked, the Tungsten T5 was a PDA, not a phone, just like its predecessors, of which I own both an original Tungsten and a T3. As to being the first portable phone, I think the Newton beat the Tungsten or any Palm, by a few years. In the 90s, there were cellular PC cards that could work with the Newton to call. You just needed a headset to plug into the card to do voice calls. clumsy and awkward, and distinctively geeky/nerdy, but possible, nonetheless. (as an aside, resistive displays, on which a stylus work are not the same as touch displays. Apple may not have "invented" the touch display, but they certainly pioneered it as a product, and any products that beat the iPhone to market were still most likely the result of Apple's impending announcement--and it's worth mentioning that before January 2007, Android was going to be a Blackberry clone)

    And ironically, I don't know about younger Apple fans, but we older Apple fans know that Apple didn't really invent any of these. Apple has just been an expert at making what was before-hand difficult and niche, both easy to use and mainstream. That is their specialty. I think the one big thing Apple did was "invent" the cheap desktop, laser printer. Again, though, it was a convergence of several technologies into a product that worked.

    It's worth reminding that many technologies were festering on a shelf until Apple picked them up, dusted them off, and used them, and that includes the GUI (I used to use a Xerox dedicated desktop publishing platform, and it was awkward and lame compared to the Mac--but had cool things like desktop printers and drag-and-drop to print), the mouse, 3.5" floppy, USB, and yes, even USB-C. Although, I think Apple had a hand in the USB-C spec, and was not merely an adopter.

    It is difficult and even dangerous to simplify things down to a "did/did not invent" scenario. If you want to simplify, look at it this way. Other companies are able to look at the parts, and invent the parts, but it takes Apple to synthesize them in a way that people actually want them. And this is true whether we want to admit it or not.

    • Mihir Patkar
      October 26, 2015 at 11:27 am

      Everything you said is almost exactly what I write at the start of the article :) I agree with your thoughts, but because of the how the word "invent" can have multiple meanings, many people think Apple actually conceptualized and built stuff out of nothing. I just wanted to clear that up with this article.

  8. fcd76218
    October 23, 2015 at 1:11 pm

    Apple does not, for the most part, invent new technology, it just makes it accessible to the masses (those that can afford its products).

    "Myth 4: Apple Invented Video Calling"
    At the 1964 World's Fain in New York, AT&T, IIRC, exhibited a working videophone. Granted, it wasn't hand-held but it WAS a videophone.

    • Mihir Patkar
      October 26, 2015 at 11:28 am

      Yup, exactly.

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