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The Internet is strange.

When divorced from the cold technicalities of code, wires and signals, there’s a unique and chaotic sense of collective culture. The Internet has spawned in-jokes, memes, and has radically reshaped what we consider to be mainstream culture.

And often, this happens by accident.

Someone uploads a video, or posts a tweet, and it spirals into something much bigger 5 People Who Became Memes, And How They Reacted 5 People Who Became Memes, And How They Reacted These five people are great case studies for what happens when you go from Average Joe to Internet Meme overnight. Read More . It penetrates our collective consciousness. There are countless examples of this, from Rickrolling, to surreal mock-trailers, to fake political Twitter accounts 20+ Hilarious Twitter Parody Accounts 20+ Hilarious Twitter Parody Accounts Read More . Here are some of the most notable.

Rickrolling: The Web Made An 80’s Pop Hit Famous Again

Newton-Le-Willows is a boring, sedate, English nowhere-town sandwiched between Manchester and Liverpool. There are precisely two things that are interesting about this place: it has a Nandos, and Rick Astley was born here.

You probably remember Rick Astley from the rick rolling phenomenon that conquered the Internet in 2007. But before that, he was a 1980’s musical icon.

Astley was a kitschy, teenage heartthrob, the same way Justin Bieber is today. His musical career produced a smattering of hits, like Together Forever, and Take Me To Your Heart, but by the early 90s he had faded into obscurity, as is so often the case in the music industry.

But perhaps the most enduring song from his career was Never Gonna Give You Up. All of the excruciatingly embarrassing musical and fashion tropes that epitomized the 1980s were condensed into this three minute and thirty-two-second abomination. It had everything a music video shouldn’t have – bad hair, awkward dancing, and far too much-synthesized bass.

Fifteen years later, it had an unlikely revival in the form of “Rickrolling”. Here’s how it worked.

Denizens of 4chan’s /B/ board would promise one thing – like the trailer to the yet-unreleased Half Life 3 – but instead link to Astley’s hit. The joke being that this song is so bad 10 YouTube Music Videos Guaranteed to Annoy Your Friends 10 YouTube Music Videos Guaranteed to Annoy Your Friends Annoying your friends is fun. And as people care a lot about music, one of the best ways to get to them is to force them to sit through a song they hate. Et voila. Read More , by clicking through to it, someone has gotten one up on you.

As is often the case with 4chan memes (the tame ones at least), it didn’t take long for Rickrolling to hit the mainstream.

It was played at protests by Anonymous members. Basketball and baseball games were disrupted with it.

Amusingly, a bipartisan group of Oregon legislators somehow worked it into their proceedings.

But more recently, it was used by the Foo Fighters to counter-protest the Westboro Baptist Church – the extreme, fundamentalist Christian cult best known for their protests at the funerals of dead soldiers.

The pinnacle of the Rickrolling phenomenon took place in 2008, when Astley himself hijacked the 2008 Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade in Chicago, blasting out his hit tune to millions of homes across the US.

Incidentally, my colleague Justin Pot once interviewed Rick Astley about his unlikely fame. You can read it here.

@IDS_MP: Parody Becomes Something More

The current UK government is pretty unpopular right now, with only 38% of people approving of their record to date, according to YouGov. That’s mostly because nobody really voted for them (the joys of the broken First Past The Post electoral system), but also because they’ve undertaken a program of austerity which has had a brutal human cost.

The figurehead of the UK’s spending cuts is Iain Duncan Smith – a controversial figure in British politics, and an icon for the capriciousness of current government policy.

But Brits have an amazing culture of parody and satire, as seen by the @IDS_MP twitter account. This satirical account purports to be Smith himself, and emphasizes the fact that many in the UK believe the current government to be out of touch with the common man.

The @IDS_MP account reached its peak when David Cameron – the prime minister of the UK – mentioned him in a tweet by accident.

This did not go unnoticed.

Youth Hostelling With Chris Eubank

Chris Eubank is the former world middleweight boxing champion, known equally for his abilities inside the ring, as for his eccentric and flamboyant behavior outside of it. I’m Alan Partridge is a cult BBC TV show, starring Mancunian comedy legend Steve Coogan. What could these two things possibly have in common?

Well, on one episode of I’m Alan Partridge, the titular character is pitching ideas to a BBC representative. They’re all pretty horrendous (“Arm wrestling with Chas and Dave… Monkey Tennis”). But one idea was especially ludicrous: Youth Hostelling with Chris Eubank – presumably where Partridge would travel the length and breadth of the UK with Eubank, staying exclusively in budget accommodation.

It was a strange idea, and almost a decade after the show was aired it became a meme. Unusually, this is an Internet meme that started life on British terrestrial TV before internet memes were even a thing.

People even showed up to Wrestlemania with “Youth Hostelling with Chris Eubank” placards.

All the while, Eubank himself had no idea where the joke had came from.

When it was finally – after almost 15 years – explained to him, the joke came full center. In partnership with Hostelworld.com, a trailer was created. It was glorious.

Harlem Shake: Everybody Dance. Now.

The Harlem Shake The Harlem Shake Is Viral - But Do You Know What It Is? The Harlem Shake Is Viral - But Do You Know What It Is? The sensation began just a few weeks ago. In that short time YouTube users have posted thousands of remakes which, in total, have attracted over 175 million views. People are doing the Harlem Shake in... Read More is another weird one.

The videos are generally the same: about 30 seconds long, featuring the same clip of the same song (Harlem Shake by Baauer). They start off with somebody dancing in a packed room, with everyone else nonchalantly ignoring them. Then, at the peak of the songs crescendo, the rest of the room starts dancing. Here’s the original.

Quickly, the meme took on a life of its own.

Of course, some interpretations were better than others.

Some tried to perform their own Harlem Shake flash mobs, with limited success.

Eventually, old media dinosaurs like The Simpsons got in on the joke, meaning that it was finally uncool.

The Commoditization Of Memes

This article is about memes that transform into something much bigger, and permeate the public consciousness. We’ve talked about individual memes, like Rickrolling and the Harlem Shake. But what about memes in general? As it so happens, even the most obscure 4chan gag has somehow ended up in the mainstream discourse.

Don’t believe me? Just look at this in-flight safety video from Delta, which features every single meme. Ever.

And here’s some multi-millionaire rockstars trying to cling to relevance by fitting as many Youtube memes into a single video as humanly possible.

This advert from insurance company Progressive speaks for itself.

Memes and Internet jokes have somehow become a commodity; one that’s being exploited by companies and other established players in order to pander to a younger audience, to varying degrees of success.

And let’s face it. Nobody is surprised.

Memes Are Strange

Forget the Internet. Memes are strange.

They start life as small, isolated entities and quickly metastasize into something much bigger. They all seem to have the same natural evolution, and all seem to eventually break into the mainstream discourse.

I’m just not sure why though.

You got any theories? Let me know in the comments section below, and we’ll chat.

  1. Ryan McCallum
    September 21, 2015 at 10:13 pm

    Actually, Al B invented the real Harlem Shake in the 1980s and it reached mainstream consciousness in the early 2000s when G. Dep put it in a music video. The Harlem Shake "dances" being used in the recent YouTube videos is not the Harlem Shake. They have nothing to do with the Harlem Shake besides the song sampling a rapper say "Harlem Shake".

    The More You Know.

    • Ryan McCallum
      September 21, 2015 at 10:14 pm

      (In reference to "kmfdm_kid2000" saying Filthy Frank invented it)

  2. kmfdm_kid2000
    September 21, 2015 at 7:50 pm

    Filthy Frank invented the Harlem Shake. Give credit where it's due.

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