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A malfunctioning computer is a horrible thing to experience. Considering the amount of photos, documents, and sensitive materials The Ultimate Windows 10 Data Backup Guide The Ultimate Windows 10 Data Backup Guide Windows 10 makes data backups effortless. We have summarized every native backup, restore, recovery, and repair option we could find on Windows 10. Use our simple tips and never despair over lost data again! Read More present on computers nowadays, some will spare no expense to get their computer working again. But there is a fate worse than losing all your data. It’s having a tech expert scam you out of hundreds of dollars to get it back.

This isn’t to say PC repair is a complete ripoff or that you should repair a PC yourself. I wouldn’t recommend handling electrical issues in your home by yourself either. Yet, you can avoid certain online and in-person PC repair scams. Use these tips to save time and money next time your PC needs a repair.

Online Tech Support Scams

Windows scammers have been a longstanding issue amongst Windows users What Should You Do About the Windows Tech Support Scam? What Should You Do About the Windows Tech Support Scam? If the Windows Tech Support calls you out of the blue, know that it's a scam. But what should you do? Hang up, lead the callers on, or report them? Let's find out. Read More . Scam centers will call users claiming they have found malware or Trojan viruses in their computer. If given the opportunity, they proceed to take control of and infect your PC while you watch. They then attempt to charge hundreds of dollars for life-time maintenance services.

One common scam tactic with over-the-phone tech support, is using the Event Viewer on Windows to scare customers. You can open the Event Viewer by using the Windows Run menu: press Windows key + R and type eventvwr into the prompt. Event Viewer How To Test Your PC For Failing Hardware How To Test Your PC For Failing Hardware Good PC ownership is a lot like good car ownership. You do more than just use it, you learn something about how it works. You don't need to be a PC technician or a mechanic,... Read More records every error reported on your PC. These errors consist of limited permissions accesses. They are normal and do not indicate an infected PC. For those that aren’t familiar with Even Viewer, however, it may seem as though there’s something wrong.

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If you did not seek help from a company or received a call that your PC is somehow infected, it is usually a scam. If a company offers help in some capacity — such as virus removal or free life-time PC repair — that was not prompted, do not trust them.

Microsoft, the creators of Windows, will never call your personal phone number. Furthermore, viruses aren’t detected on some mysterious server as the scammers claim. Remote viewing software is a staple in the IT field, but the user is warned beforehand. Legitimate IT companies also provide step by step explanations of what they are doing, rather than commit tasks without notification.

At-Home Repair Scams

At-home repair is a popular and convenient method of fixing computers, but some at-home repair technicians will attempt to scam you with misdiagnosed problems.

Your Hard Drive Is Broken

The first major scam is claiming that your faulty computer is the result of a broken hard drive How to Diagnose and Fix a Dead Hard Drive to Recover Data How to Diagnose and Fix a Dead Hard Drive to Recover Data Several years ago, I experienced a hard drive failure. I was at work when my laptop suddenly started to act particularly strange. About half an hour later, the hard drive failed audibly and the laptop... Read More . Data is important for all users, but it’s more important for some than for others. If you have an at-home business, PC repair technicians are dealing with your livelihood. They know this and will jump on the opportunity to charge for data recovery.

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It’s easy to scare the average consumer into paying hundreds of dollars to save their data, even though your hard drive may not be at fault. Hard drives, like all other PC components, are built to withstand use. Hard drive enclosures also provide secure positioning in the PC case. This isn’t to say hard drives never fail. All hard drives have a failure rate, depending on the manufacturer. This failure rate increases over time 5 Signs Your Hard Drive Lifetime Is Ending (And What to Do) 5 Signs Your Hard Drive Lifetime Is Ending (And What to Do) Since a majority of people today own laptops and external hard drives, which get dragged around quite a bit, a realistic hard drive lifetime is probably around 3 - 5 years. This is an extremely... Read More as you use your hard drive. To ensure that the hard drive is the issue, make sure your hard drive is tested before springing for a new one.

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You can rip files from your hard drive yourself with a simple SATA to USB adapter (UK). These adapters allow you to copy data from your hard drive using a regular USB slot. If your PC isn’t working, you can make a backup copy of your data files on a separate computer. You can also try backing up your files to reduce file loss if disaster strikes.

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If the technicians offer to replace your old hard drive with a new one, make sure their prices are correct. Search for hard drives on Amazon to get a ball-park rate of how much comparable hard drives cost. This is true for all other PC parts. It may be cheaper to buy the hard drive yourself and have them install it.

Your Motherboard / Graphics Card / CPU Is Dead

The worst thing that can happen to your computer is hardware failure How To Diagnose Hardware Problems When Your Computer Won't Turn On How To Diagnose Hardware Problems When Your Computer Won't Turn On Last week I showed you some of the simplest DIY repairs and upgrades that you can do yourself, but one reader asked how to diagnose which component was the problem. Today I’d like to walk... Read More . These parts can be expensive, and troubleshooting can be a timely and costly process. The upside to this diagnosis? It’s usually not true.

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Diagnosing computer problems can be difficult. One of your parts may be defective, damaged due to a recent power surge Do You Really Need a Surge Protector? Do You Really Need a Surge Protector? A surge protector is not the same thing as a power strip! Here's how they're different and why you need surge protectors instead, as well as how to choose a good one. Read More , affected by a faulty power supply, and so on. Here are some methods you can use to make sure that, as a client, you are not charged for parts you don’t need:

  1. Ask Why — You should never be afraid to ask why a part is defective or damaged and ask to see proof. Have the technician be as clear as possible. A good PC repair technician should be able to explain why a part is not working in clear and simple terms.
  2. Ask Where — Some will claim that your part is burnt or damaged. Ask to see the damage yourself, as it should be noticeable.
  3. Ask for Proof — Certain software provides clear readouts of what is wrong with your computer. Ask to see the proof. If a PC technician knows what is wrong, it’s because they read about it somewhere. Have them provide a second opinion, or seek one out yourself.
  4. Test Your Hardware — It never hurts to ask that a PC technician test the hardware. Some won’t, due to inability or unwillingness. Those who do are often trustworthy and more than willing to help you.

It can be intimidating to ask technicians questions,due to their technical answers. That doesn’t mean you shouldn’t. PC technicians aren’t afraid to charge as much as they can for their knowledge, so don’t be afraid to get your money’s worth. If a PC technician cannot prove to you, beyond a reasonable doubt, that hardware problems are indeed the issue, do not trust them.

This PC Needs to Be Taken to the Shop

Your technician might want to take your PC to a their shop for a number of reasons. Vital tools, like voltmeters How Much Power Is Your PC Using? How Much Power Is Your PC Using? Computer power consumption can be estimated. Most of the components inside a PC have specific minimum and maximum power draw figures and, because quality control is so tight, it’s rare of a part to break... Read More and operating system repair discs, aren’t available at home. That said, it might not be necessary. In fact, your PC may end up sitting on a counter for weeks without so much as a look.

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Ask why the PC needs to go to a shop and don’t settle for the diagnostic scan explanation. The purpose of at-home PC repair is to troubleshoot, identify, and solve a simple PC issue. Ask what they mean by a diagnostic scan and how much it would cost. Ask the PC technician what knowledge he or she has gained and what their next steps will be. If they don’t have a plan, don’t believe them.

Diagnosing a home PC for issues and errors should not take longer than a week. This is because home PCs often suffer from the same, general issues. By and large, fixing and troubleshooting home computers requires a couple of methods. The issue is rarely strange enough to warrant a month of troubleshooting.

PC Repair Shop Scams

Most 0f what was covered in the At-Home repair section also applies to PC repair shops, so don’t be afraid to ask for documentation. I want to add; most small PC repair shops are surprisingly honest and transparent. The technicians will often be kind to users who aren’t well versed with computers and will attempt to charge competitive prices. There are, however, certain sales techniques which are sure-fire indicators that you could potentially be scammed.

Buy Anti-virus Now!

Some PC technicians aren’t technicians, they’re salespeople. Instead of trying to fix your problem, they’ll peddle certain items like anti-virus software. This anti-virus software can be costly and ineffective. Geek Squad, a PC repair company owned by Best Buy, is notorious for employing sales people as their heads of tech support.

This isn’t to say free software will prevent all computer infections that can occur 3 Things Your Antivirus Doesn't Take Care Of 3 Things Your Antivirus Doesn't Take Care Of Antivirus softwre should be installed on every computer, but what doesn't it take care of? Which aspects of your antivirus could leave you or your business exposed, even when you've installed and updated? Read More . Yet, they can provide a comfortable buffer between you and harm.  We have covered plenty of free Internet security suites 5 Best Free Internet Security Suites for Windows 5 Best Free Internet Security Suites for Windows Which security suite do you trust the most? We look at five of the best free security suites for Windows, all of which offer anti-virus, anti-malware, and real-time protection features. Read More  and you can turn to other online sources, if you need help finding anti-virus and anti-malware software.

You Should Just Buy a New Computer

Most PC issues are fixable, as average daily use will not wear out the hardware components much. It’s also rare to have a failure of two or more components at a single time. Why would PC technicians recommend that you buy a new PC?

A legitimate reason is that parts for older PCs are hard to find and often out of circulation. Another one is pricing. Technicians charge a fee for troubleshooting, installation, and parts. The total cost of the PC repair may equal the cost of a new computer. In this specific case, a new computer makes sense Getting a New Computer, Part 1: How to Transition From Your Old PC to Your New One Getting a New Computer, Part 1: How to Transition From Your Old PC to Your New One Ahhh! The joy of a new computer! An opportunity to start fresh and leave all the worries of your slow, dusty, old computer in the past. However, whether you've just purchased a new computer or... Read More .

The issue comes about when a minor operating system issue ends up costing you both your data and old computer. This is especially unfortunate if you end up spending a lot of money on hardware you don’t need. Ask for a printout of the price of fixing the computer and the price of a new one. If your PC technician is not willing to do that, shop around to get a different diagnosis. You walked in this shop to repair a PC, and not necessarily to buy a new one.

Don’t Fall for It!

Don’t fall for false diagnoses. Don’t know the difference between a CPU and a GPU, or an HDD and a CD-ROM? No problem, that’s what PC technicians are for. Ask questions!

Plenty of online resources, including a slew of websites X Seldom-known Awesome Tools To Optimize Windows X Seldom-known Awesome Tools To Optimize Windows Read More , are devoted to helping you fix your computer woes. That doesn’t mean you should trust the first technician you meet. Be alert and follow this guide for a better repair experience. If you leave with any advice, please remember to treat PC repair like automotive repair: get documentation, get quotes, and get results.

What tips do you have to avoid tech support scammers? Have a story you want to share? Let us know in the comments below!

Image Credit: Businessman Wearing a Balaclava by CHAjAMP via Shutterstock

  1. Mike Dunn
    July 7, 2016 at 10:24 pm

    I have had two phone calls from these "Microsoft" pricks in the last couple of years. I called them names that would make a sailor blush,but that didn't deter them at all. Best thing to do is screen your calls with an answering machine,and if you get a call while at home,and don't recognize the number,let your machine take it. They never leave messages in my experience.

    • Christian Bonilla
      July 10, 2016 at 5:25 pm

      Microsoft scammers are anything but shy. I hung up on a scammer recently after he'd told me to look at my keyboard and find the Windows key (a common tactic of theirs), only to receive a call seconds later asking why I'd hung up. They're angry, they're forceful, and they're out on a mission. I'm glad you resisted.

      These are the top four phrases you can use to spot a scammer: Microsoft's servers, Windows key, virus protection, and infected computer. All four will more than often guarantee the person on the other line is trying to scam you. Remember: similar to vampires, these scammers require permission to enter your computer. Don't let up, and they won't be able to harm you.

  2. Edina
    July 6, 2016 at 1:46 pm

    A friend went to a local computer repair shop to wipe an re-install Windows on his computer. When he got it back from the shop he asked me to give it a check and I found a dodgy looking anti-virus (2 years prepaid). I ran Malwarebytes on the machine and found a keylogger and dial home programs as part of their installed anti-virus. This horrified me that they would install this crap to pre-infect the computer to steal personal info and password sniff his supposedly clean computer. If he were a less informed customer he would have been totally scammed believing he had 2 years of virus protection for his machine.

    • Christian Bonilla
      July 10, 2016 at 5:27 pm

      Unfortunately, the tech repair industry as a whole is difficult to manage. Although most companies require that the worker be certified to troubleshoot and repair PC issues, it's difficult to separate the trustworthy from the not. Good on you for keeping an eye out on your friend!

  3. Andriamihaja RASOLOFONIRINA
    July 5, 2016 at 6:02 pm

    it's so interesting

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