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To have or not to have a dock in Linux is really dependent on individual preferences. While popular Linux distros such as Ubuntu and Fedora do not come with a dock by default, there are plenty of dock applications around that one can easily install and create a dock for their desktop.

Some Linux users might argue that this is an emulation of Mac OS X (which they detest the most) and they would prefer to stick with the original favor – that’s fine. Some others might feel that since it is a beautiful and useful application and it is fully customizable in Linux, why not?

Nevertheless, having the option to choose whether you want or don’t want it is really the power of Linux. Below, I have listed some of the popular dock applications that you can consider if you are thinking of installing a dock in your Linux distro.

All Time Favorites

Avant Window Navigator

If you have been googling for docks for Linux, I am sure you will encounter the Avant Window Navigator very often. Indeed, this is currently the most popular dock for Linux. It is very interactive and allows you to do plenty of tasks right from the dock. There are also plenty of configuration options that you can configure in the Preference pane. Stuff such as the dock themes and animation effects are fully customizable.


If you are using Ubuntu Hardy and above, AWN is included in the repository.

Great Alternatives

Cairo dock


Previously known as Gnome dock, Cairo dock is definitely a great alternative to AWN. When compared with AWN, I feel that Cairo dock has much smoother animation and transition effects.

One great feature about Cairo dock (and missing in AWN) is the ability to create sub-docks within the main dock. This allows you to create several layers of applications grouped under the same family.

Installation instructions

Gnome-Do Docky



Gnome-do is better known for its Quicksilver or Launchy style of accessing your applications quickly. Recently, the Gnome-do team launched a dock version of Gnome-do: Docky.

One good thing about Docky is its ability to integrate the Gnome-do search into the dock. The applications that you used and searched the most often are automatically placed in the dock. In the dock mode, the shortcut key “Super + Space” to activate the search function is still valid.



WBar is a fast and smooth dock that can be installed in most Linux distros. While it is not as polished as the above few, it is highly tweakable and is not as resource intensive as the others. Best of all, it doesn’t require a compositing manager to run. If you have a old and low end computer, this is definitely the best dock application for you.

Download the deb file here.

Gnome Panel


If you are using a Gnome based distro and don’t wish to install any dock applications, or your old computer can’t support the dock, you can still modify the Gnome panel to become a dock.


First, drag all your applications from the menu bar to the bottom panel. Next, right click the panel and select Properties. In the General tab, increase the size to 50pixels (or higher if you are using a big screen monitor). Uncheck the box “Expand”. If you want your dock to autohide when not in use, check the box “Autohide”.

Next, go to the Background tab, select the Solid color and move the style slider all the way to the left. That’s it, you now have a simple dock in your desktop that will autohide when not in use.

Other Candidates

Engage dock

Engage is the dock for Enlightenment E17. If you install E17 as your desktop manager, you will see the Engage dock when you log in. However, if you are using other desktop managers, it is not an easy task to install Engage dock. While there is a standalone package for various desktop managers (other than E17), there is little documentation on where to get the source and how to install/configure.

Engage is useful in that it does not require a compositing manager to work, or to be more exact, it doesn’t require Compiz to work. All the libraries that it needs are bundled within the E17 framework.

This dock is great if you are using Enlightenment E17 desktop manager.

Kiba dock

Kiba dock is a nice, yet complicated dock. The installation can be very complicated (and confusing) and it can easily scare beginners off. If you are not the sort who likes to compile, configure or deal with the terminal, this is not for you.

Sim dock

Sim dock is a small dock that doesn’t require any compositing manager to work and is available for most Linux distros. It is a simple dock that doesn’t have much functionality except to allow you to quickly access your applications from the dock. The development has been stopped for several years and the latest version is backdated to July 2007.

Which dock do you use for your Linux machine?  Can you recommend another one?

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  1. Anonymous
    July 29, 2015 at 3:05 pm

    Excelente Post! Thanks for reference.
    I already choose docky on my Ubuntu. Smooth, looks cool and there's theme you can choose manually.

  2. DuPingPing
    February 23, 2015 at 5:07 pm
  3. Doug Jenkins
    December 24, 2009 at 2:19 pm

    Thanks for this collective review. I had been using AWN, but I had noticed some inconsistencies. Can't quite describe them now, but I switched to Cairo...and find that it is so highly customizable and great looking! Thanks again for showing us these choices...and helping me with my new flashy, helpful dock.

  4. Newbuntu
    April 12, 2009 at 9:04 pm

    The newest version of Cairo Dock is really good and it looks very nice.

  5. misola
    April 6, 2009 at 9:51 am
  6. Bubnoff
    April 5, 2009 at 9:31 pm

    9menu destroys all of these right out of the starting gate.
    Easy to install, faster than sin, less intrusive. Best of all, it isn't hideous like all these are. Easy to set up as a panel icon ...only shows up when you need it. Add a 9menu to your right click menu. You could conceivably replace all Desktop detritus with 9menus.

    Easier to configure than fluxbox menus as well and can be used to launch scripts or other 9menus. Possibilities are infinite yet tasteful.

    Did I mention no ugly icons? Why do all Desktops have to look glassy and transparent?

    Anyway ...if you like speed, simplicity and non-intrusive-ness you may wish to take a peek at 9menu.


    • Damien Oh
      April 6, 2009 at 8:51 am

      Thanks for the recommendation. There doesn't seems to have much documentation for it. Is there any place where I can find more information about 9menu?

  7. Vadim P.
    April 4, 2009 at 4:16 pm

    I love me AWN. Docky isn't cutting it yet.

    I did like the gnome panel hack though! Rather interesting approach.

  8. Drakshug
    April 4, 2009 at 1:55 am

    Seems a tad gnomecentric. What about ksmoothdock?

  9. fattom
    April 3, 2009 at 7:59 pm

    I am is first osterp!

    Mmm.... ok; the first three paragraphs made no sense at all in this. After reading the whole page, it made less sense!

    What kind of dock is this about? I opened this up thinking about docking stations, and the relevency of MacOS bigotry for their proprietary docking! Umbflast forscheckt!

    It reads more like a tirade from Finnegan's Wake than a technical article... [No footnote for James Joyce?]

  10. BobCFC
    April 3, 2009 at 5:31 pm

    Docky, Docky, Docky. Oi, oi, oi