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When you own a rooted Android phone running a custom ROM, you need to take some precautions or risk “bricking” (destroying) your device. While many methods can recover seriously bricked Are You Sure It's Bricked? How You Can Fix Your Broken Smartphone Are You Sure It's Bricked? How You Can Fix Your Broken Smartphone Back in the day, a bricked device would be very tough to recover, but over the years some resilience has been built into smartphones and tablets. These days a few clever button presses, useful additional... Read More devices, it’s better to not place that kind of stress on yourself (and your device). Learn from my mistakes.

After selling my beloved Nexus 4 on eBay, I needed to wipe my personal information off the phone. Unfortunately, using a toolkit to restore my device back to stock failed. Thankfully, based on recommendations from experts, I was able to fully restore my device. I also learned a few new things.

Six Things to Do after Rooting Your Android Device

IMPORTANT: Many phone manufacturers now include a feature known as “OEM unlocking”, which allows users to modify their Android device. Some manufacturers void the phone’s warranty if the user unlocks their phone. Unfortunately, this is now an essential first step to modifying any phone or tablet.

#1 Install a Custom Recovery

By default, the Android operating system possesses three methods of recovering a futzed/corrupted system: Download mode, the Bootloader and the Recovery. The most important of these is the Recovery, since it allows the restoration of a factory image — the original copy of your operating system. A custom recovery replaces the baked-in recovery inside of your phone and can perform a much wider range of options than the default system.

Most important, a custom recovery can allow you to make backups of your operating system. The backups are useful, even if you aren’t planning on installing a custom ROM How to Find and Install a Custom ROM for Your Android Device How to Find and Install a Custom ROM for Your Android Device Android is super customizable, but to fully take advantage of that, you need to flash a custom ROM. Here's how to do that. Read More .

Two of the best custom recoveries are Team Win Recovery Project (TWRP)  and ClockWorkMod (CWM). CWM and TWRP are the two best-known custom recoveries. Unfortunately, not all devices are compatible, but if yours is, make sure to install one of the two.

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TWRP_SPLASH

#2 Familiarize Yourself with Fastboot or ADB

Before you get started modifying your phone, make sure that you’ve familiarized yourself with the Fastboot or ADB (Android Debug Bridge) commands. In particular, you should know how to recover your device by flashing a factory image from the command line. Secondarily, you can manually transfer important files to your device. Both methods provide an excellent contingency plan for bricked devices.

Here’s a detailed guide from AndroidForums on how to set up and use Fastboot. Fastboot is a command that allows you to access your Android handset directly from a computer. Most important, Fastboot can permit the installation of a factory image from the command line. So even if you’re unable to install a custom recovery, you can still recover from an unbootable condition.

Another handy function permits users to transfer files (also known as “pushing” or sideloading How to Manually Install or Side Load Apps on Android How to Manually Install or Side Load Apps on Android Sideloading a file onto your Android device is easy, and we can show you how to do it. Read More ) from their computer to their device.

XDA-developers‘s doctor_droid created an excellent tutorial on using ADB. ADB does essentially the same thing as Fastboot, with less elbow grease.

#3 Make a Backup of Your Device

Here’s where I screwed up. I deleted my internal backups to make room on the phone. Unfortunately, this meant I couldn’t restore from internal memory and had to rely on Fastboot and my WugFresh toolkit. While toolkits easily root Nexus devices How to Easily Root, Unroot and Unlock any Nexus Device How to Easily Root, Unroot and Unlock any Nexus Device The great thing about the Nexus devices like the Nexus 4 and Nexus 10 is that they're easily upgradable, they're free of any bloatware provided by vendors and carriers, and they're made to be tinkered... Read More , they can be problematic to work with.

If everything goes wrong, keeping an internal backup on your device will let you recover from a damaged or corrupted operating system, without resorting to the command line. It’s important that you keep your backup in an easily accessible location, such as on an SD card or near the root directory of your device’s storage system.

It’s extremely easy to make a backup from within your recovery. Just go to “Backup” and choose all the available partitions. You can restore one, some or all of these in the event something goes wrong. Also if you ever decide to install a new ROM, you can always restore your apps using this method. It’s a lot easier than using even Titanium Backup to restore your apps. How To Complete A Full Backup Of Your Android Phone [1.6+] How To Complete A Full Backup Of Your Android Phone [1.6+] I've been using Titanium Backup ever since I got my first Android device. I love backup applications (for PC and otherwise), and Titanium is as good as it gets. In this short introduction I’d like... Read More

TWRP backup2

#4 Keep a Full Nandroid Backup On Your Phone

Backing up your System and Data directories aren’t complete backups. Creating a full backup of your operating system also includes several other directories that the default options in most custom recoveries don’t select. Check everything when you make a backup.

#5 Keep Another Backup on Your Desktop PC

It’s a bad idea to keep just one copy of your mobile’s operating system around. After making a backup of your device, copy this to your desktop computer. There’s a variety of ways to do this, the easiest is to simply access your rooted device’s internal storage from your PC and copy the entire BACKUPS folder to your desktop.

Accessing your device is simple: Just connect it. You may be prompted on your device to permit access from your PC. After that, it will show up as a removable drive/device.

transformer mtp pc

After that, navigate to the root directory of your internal storage and find the appropriate recovery directory. If it’s TWRP, it will be labeled as such.

twrp backup folder

This is the opposite of pushing (also known as sideloading How to Manually Install or Side Load Apps on Android How to Manually Install or Side Load Apps on Android Sideloading a file onto your Android device is easy, and we can show you how to do it. Read More ) files to your device. It’s known as “pulling”. You will want to place this someplace safe, such as Dropbox The Unofficial Guide To Dropbox The Unofficial Guide To Dropbox There's more to Dropbox than you might think: you can use it for file sharing, backing up your data, syncing files between computers and even remotely control your computer. Read More or another cloud storage solution. If you do elect for cloud storage, also consider encrypting the files Encrypt Your Dropbox Files With BoxCryptor Encrypt Your Dropbox Files With BoxCryptor Dropbox is a great service, but its security track record is nothing to be proud of. We’ve previously written about encrypted alternatives to Dropbox, but let’s be honest -- Dropbox stands out among cloud storage... Read More , just in case of a security breach.

#6 Learn How to Hard-Reset Your Device

The most reliable way to reset your device is by pulling the battery. Unfortunately, not all devices support battery pulls. Fortunately, most manufacturers include a hard reset function that works in the event of an emergency. For example, when my Nexus 4 with non-replaceable battery became boot-looped, I was able to reset my device using a hard reset function: holding down the power button for 10-seconds.

To find your hard reset method, just Google your phone’s model + the phrase “hard reset” or “reset”. Keep in mind that some manufacturers take “hard reset” to mean a factory reset. You don’t want that.

By the way, technically speaking, the Nexus 4’s battery is replaceable.

Conclusion

The most important thing you can do with your rooted Android handset is prevent it from getting broken. One of the best ways is to have a backup on hand. To this end, you will want six things:

(1) custom recovery, (2) know ADB and Fastboot commands; (3) keep a factory image on your phone; (4) keep a Nandroid backup on your phone; (5) keep copies of both backups on a computer; (6) if you can’t replace your battery, know how to hard reset your phone.

If you take the necessary precautions, the chances of bricking your device drop dramatically.

Anyone else love not perma-bricking their devices? Let us know in the comments.

  1. Peter Kostov
    November 8, 2016 at 12:18 pm

    I don't make backups as I am not sure that they work. And yes with Titanium backup you can easy brick your phone.

    • Kannon Y
      November 8, 2016 at 12:30 pm

      There are not root methods for backing your phone up, in case you are concerned about root going bad or a misstep with TB.

    • Kannon Y
      November 8, 2016 at 1:13 pm

      I forgot to mention, you normally want to make a full nandroid backup using the custom recovery, not Titanium Backup.

      • Peter Kostov
        November 8, 2016 at 6:07 pm

        Well, for me a big problem is that I don't need huge backup as internal memory is 32GB. It will take years for backup, file transfer and maybe sucessful recover ... I don't need this. I will do a full reset and lose all things than to do this operation... I don't like cloud internet services too.

  2. Christopher
    August 25, 2016 at 11:48 pm

    I really want to root my tab a but am afraid of messing it up....

  3. Mansth
    July 21, 2016 at 11:28 pm

    My lg gpro e980 is stuck in bootloop, i cant open fastboot mode and recovery mode either.
    since usb debugging is not off downloaded mode doest work.....anything can do about t?

    • Kannon Yamada
      July 21, 2016 at 11:29 pm

      Have you tried Safe Mode? Can you access the bootloader?

    • Mansth
      July 21, 2016 at 11:29 pm

      Sorry Usb debugging is off.

      • Kannon Yamada
        July 21, 2016 at 11:31 pm

        Oh, I understood that -- normally, if debugging is off, you can't sideload images or flash from USB. Some people have reported that it's possible to turn USB debugging on from the command line, but I've never been able to do it.

    • Mansth
      July 21, 2016 at 11:31 pm

      Bootload r is locked and i cant
      open in safe mode

      • Kannon Yamada
        July 21, 2016 at 11:35 pm

        I'm sorry, but it doesn't appear possible to recover your phone. A locked bootloader means (if the bootloader ever becomes damaged) that it's impossible to recover the device without USB debugging enabled. To the extent of my knowledge, the device must be sent into the OEM for repair. The only device that I know of which can be recovered from this scenario is a Nexus series device. And even then, it requires a special image and installation method which allows flashing on a USB debugging disabled/OEM locked device.

        There might be someone out there who knows more about your specific model of device, though. XDA is the first (and last) place that comes to mind on how to fix this sort of issue. However, I am very doubtful that this can be repaired. I wish you the best of luck!

      • Kannon Yamada
        July 21, 2016 at 11:36 pm

        I should add that Android 7 solves this problem by using TWO recoveries. If one becomes damaged, it will be possible to boot from the other. Unfortunately, this OS is not yet available.

    • Mansth
      July 21, 2016 at 11:43 pm

      Thanks for your replies and hope i can fix this.

  4. Victor
    July 11, 2016 at 11:23 am

    Pls is it possible to use CWM Recovery to restore a backed up lollipop rom to a similar phone running on kitkat with both device having the same version of CWM Recovery install? Thanks

    • Kannon Yamada
      July 11, 2016 at 11:01 pm

      It depends on what the instructions are for the ROM that you're flashing to. Some ROMs require that you be on a specific version of Android before flashing the new ROM. Other ROMs can be flashed over pretty much anything.

      • Victor
        July 12, 2016 at 1:49 pm

        Hmmmm. It's an official rom ie a default rom that came with the phone ie Android 5.1 and mine is 4.4. 2...both phones are exactly same model: infinix X551 (16gb + 1gb ram). Both phone rooted, CWM installed and rom backup made for each.. What am trying to say is that cam I make a restore to my device using the backup 5.1 rom or should itbe a thing of installation?

        • Kannon Yamada
          July 13, 2016 at 8:37 pm

          I vaguely remember some details on this situation. Each phone does store some degree of data unique to the individual phone somewhere on it. I believe this information is not stored on the primary disk (eMMC module). If you made a full NAND backup in CWM and restore that image to another, but identical, phone with a different operating system already installed, it might cause problems. The reason is that sometimes recoveries might have issues with certain versions of the OS. For example, Android 4.4 might have problems functioning with CWM 8.1 or vice-versa. Or maybe CWM 8.1 has a problem with encryption. You won't know about this issue until after you've restored your backup.

          However, those are relatively rare. Most of the problems are caused by dirty flashes -- when the user does not properly wipe their phone before flashing a ROM or restoring from a backup.

          Restoring an Android backup normally requires wiping all the previous information on the phone other than the bootloader. That's a big thing. But you have to make sure that you don't wipe out the bootloader or undo OEM unlock settings.

        • Kevin
          August 8, 2016 at 9:01 pm

          man i have quite a similar problem, i tried to unlock bootloader yesterday, it succeed but controls doesnt work on fast boot so i remove battery and insert, then i tried to wipe and restore backup. i can't because it says error: unable to mount '/data' ,unable to mount storage, and unknown mtp type 1. after that i re locked my bootloader because i thought that it would fix it. but i was wrong, the problem still persists. I researched about it before doing it, but i was unlucky that it was too late that i found out this article http://www.androidpolice.com/2013/12/23/psa-make-sure-you-reboot-after-unlocking-your-nexus-or-gpe-devices-bootloader/

          in the articles that i have read it only tells me to backup but no one said that it would erase my storage. will that be possible to flash stock rom without wiping it? since it says error mount '/data'?

  5. Krishna
    June 26, 2016 at 2:41 pm

    I have infocus m350. Non removable battery phone.this phone doesn't go to recovery mode, By pressing the keys.
    Please give me method how to do hard reset..pls.thank you

    • Kannon Yamada
      July 1, 2016 at 8:22 pm

      http://www.hardreset.info/devices/infocus/infocus-m530/

      I'm not sure whether or not that method will work, considering that you probably already tried it. If the phone doesn't have a removable battery and the standard reset method does not work, it requires discharging the phone's battery naturally, which can take weeks.

  6. Rohit Gope
    June 20, 2016 at 10:39 am

    I have Spice mobile phone, with TWRP recovery installed but I have no idea about making a custom rom, I searched in internet but no custom rom available for my device. Please help me...
    2nd question I ask that is if bootloader is unlocked in any device then what happened if anyone try to install a custom recovery? My luck is good that my bootloader is unlocked when I install custom recovery.

    • Rohit Gope
      June 20, 2016 at 10:41 am

      Sorry In 2nd question ... If bootloader is locked what happened if anyone try to install custom recovery?

      • Kannon Yamada
        July 1, 2016 at 8:26 pm

        No problem. If you have a LOCKED bootloader and something goes wrong, you won't be able to access your device via the command line (ADB), which means the device will be permanently broken. Something almost always goes wrong when modifying a device. Most of the time it's pretty minor, but without an unlocked bootloader, it means you will have permanently damaged your device.

    • Kannon Yamada
      July 1, 2016 at 8:24 pm

      If you have an unlocked bootloader, it means you can access the phone through ADB, even if it's soft bricked. If the bootloader were locked, then a soft brick becomes a hard brick.

      My advice -- if you do not know the specific model of phone, do not install a custom ROM. If you install the wrong ROM, then the phone will be permanently bricked. May I ask what model of Spice you have?

      • rohit gope
        July 2, 2016 at 12:39 pm

        At first Thanks for reply. Spice Mi-516 is my device Model no. You can google it for specifications

  7. Raushan
    May 8, 2016 at 5:37 pm

    I have MI note 3.. I have to hard reset it.. I tried the steps mentioned on google... Bt I am not able to do so.. MI logo screen is coming constantly.. What should I do?

    • Kannon Yamada
      May 9, 2016 at 12:51 am

      I have to edit this article. Hard reset has come to mean a factory reset. A soft reset now means a power cycle of the device. Anyway, can you access the recovery? Here's some directions that I've found:

      http://www.hardreset.info/devices/xiaomi/xiaomi-redmi-note-3/recovery-mode/

      A hard reset will wipe all your data. If you try this method, you'll lose all your apps and personal data (depending on the options available).

  8. tarish
    April 22, 2016 at 7:24 am

    i have bricked my redmi 2 prime when it boots it only shows teamwin of twrp i trird to system reboot but i not boots i also cannot use recovery mode

    • Kannon Yamada
      April 22, 2016 at 1:19 pm

      Do you mean it automatically boots to a frozen TeamWin logo? That could mean a damaged recovery (TWRP is a recovery, and replaces the stock recovery on most phones). Do you have access to the bootloader? Have you tried going through the steps of installing TWRP again?

  9. smitty werbenjagermenjensen
    April 16, 2016 at 12:47 am

    I have a hardbricked Moto E 1st Generation. Like many, I downgraded from LP to KK and then to 4.4.4, resulting in a hardbrick. I cannot access anything, no regular boot, no fastboot, no CWM. It recognizes on my PC as QHSUSB_BULK. I recently bought this. Any help would be appreciated. I read many forums on XDA telling me to go to a Service Center, but all of those people were in India, where service centers are abundant. Where I live, there's only 1 around and it's very far. Thanks

    • Kannon Yamada
      April 16, 2016 at 9:07 am

      That's rough. Sorry about that. Have you enabled OEM Unlocking in developer options? I'm not sure if the first generation Moto E has that feature, but if you've enabled it, your chances of recovering from the brick are much better. Some have reported enabling it using the 'fastboot oem unlock' command, but I'm skeptical of that.

      • smitty werbenjagermanjensen
        April 18, 2016 at 12:45 am

        By OEM Unlocking do you mean bootloader unlock? If so yes, I had bootloader unlocked before it got bricked. If not, I don't think so :/

        • Kannon Yamada
          April 18, 2016 at 10:48 am

          Yes, it's the same thing. Sometimes it voids the warranty, but it makes recovering from a brick possible, since the bootloader is unlocked. Otherwise you can't ADB into the device. I know this sounds repetitive, but I have to ask the question: What method did you use to access the recovery? It can vary from phone to phone. Motorola uses the following method:

          http://www.android.gs/enter-recovery-mode-on-motorola-moto-e/

          Did you use a factory image or a custom ROM in the downgrade process?

  10. anand jain
    April 11, 2016 at 12:49 pm

    i have a samsung galaxy alpha sm-g850A. it was unlocked and i somehow have managed to brick the device( the device now does not start/ does not show any charging indications/ does not even perofrm a hard reboot/ not showing on my windows pc either). Would you please guide me to try and recover my phone. I am from india and as you can see the phone is AT&T. so i cannot get official service also. Help would highly appreciated. Thanks in advance.

    • Kannon Yamada
      April 16, 2016 at 9:09 am

      Do you get any vibration when you hold down the power button for 15 seconds? Have you tried charging it using a different cable and/or power source/adapter?

      If the phone is completely unresponsive, it might be a real hard brick. But if you can manage to get it to show charging lights/vibration then you might be able to recover the device.

      • ANAND jain
        April 16, 2016 at 9:32 am

        No Its completely unresponsive. I have tried all suggestions though.
        What should I do now?

        • Kannon Yamada
          April 16, 2016 at 10:01 am

          There are a lot of causes for this kind of problem. It could be a hardware failure. It could also be that the wrong firmware was flashed. I can't say much more from the information available. Can you offer any more details? Specifically, are you sure that the right firmware version was flashed?

          There is a long shot -- sometimes the device's soft reset option won't work properly and you have to physically disconnect the battery to get it working right again. But I doubt that is the problem in this case and most phones no longer have removable batteries anyway.

  11. Sunil Joshi
    April 10, 2016 at 4:05 am

    i installed twrp on my device and its restarting frequently and all that i can access is fastboot and when i try to install cwm it even acts the same. I am using motorola 2nd generation mobile and i forgot to have a backup after loading custom recovery. I hope you provide me a solution for it. Thank You

    • smitty werbenjagermenjensen
      April 16, 2016 at 12:43 am

      If you can access fastboot, you should flash a brand new stock rom to your phone. You'll lose all of your data (Apps,Pictures,ETC.), but that's better than having to buy a new phone

    • Kannon Yamada
      April 16, 2016 at 9:01 am

      Motorola is now part of the manufacturers who include an OEM unlocking option. For many devices (I'm not sure about Motorola), enabling OEM unlock voids your warranty. But this is now an essential first step when modifying any device. All guides now include OEM unlock as a step, so it's probably not necessary to mention this, but without OEM unlock enabled, modifying your phone might cause a hard brick. A really hard brick.

      I have the 2nd gen Moto X as my main device (mostly). I decided not to install a custom ROM because it eliminates a lot of the proprietary apps that Motorola has on stock. Anyway, I'm not familiar with the root process for Motorola, but my best guess is that you might have an issue with the system directory, which is caused by dirty flashing (and similar issues). Now that you have TWRP installed (don't worry about installing CWM, they perform the same or similar functions), have you tried performing a full erase/factory reset before flashing the ROM? It's a feature in TWRP.

    • Kannon Yamada
      April 16, 2016 at 9:03 am

      by "full erase" I mean that there's an option in TWRP to erase the system directory. Once erased, you can flash the full ROM over the erased section. Check with your ROM builder to see if full erase will solve the issue before trying.

  12. Anand
    March 15, 2016 at 2:02 pm

    I have moto e2 4g LTE I have rooted it and have TWRP. Few days back I flashed a wrong boot.IMG and my phone has been stuck at bootloader. What should I do?

    • Kannon Yamada
      March 15, 2016 at 3:37 pm

      It sounds completely recoverable. You should still be able to access the recovery, although it sounds like for some reason you aren't able to. You may have flashed more than just the wrong boot.img file.

      http://www.naldotech.com/unbrick-moto-e-2015-restore-stock-lollipop-firmware/

      • Anand
        March 15, 2016 at 5:00 pm

        I am able to access the recovery

        • Kannon Yamada
          March 16, 2016 at 8:51 pm

          Have you tried re-flashing the correct custom ROM zip? Have you engaged OEM unlock? Also, make sure it's the right baseband (country) and the right carrier technology (CDMA or GSM).

          Here's a list of just a few of the custom ROMs available for the Moto E 2015 edition:

          http://forum.xda-developers.com/moto-e-2015/orig-development

          If I remember correctly, the Moto E uses a locked bootloader that you have to unlock before it allows you to make any system changes. Once you've enabled OEM unlock, the settings persists through ROM flashes. Without OEM unlock, it's really easy to brick your device.

          If you have a recovery, it's possible to "flash" a ROM using ROM .zip files. The zip file doesn't need to be unarchived. It is a completely self-contained file. You just activate (install) the file from the recovery (TWRP) and it executes a specific number of actions based on a script contained within the .zip file. You must be 200% sure that the .zip is the correct .zip file.

        • Anand
          March 17, 2016 at 3:30 am

          I have moto signed stock firmware for my XT1521 and today I am gonna flash it.

  13. shubham
    December 13, 2015 at 6:45 am

    Hey i have rooted my HTC desire310 dual sim using iroot app......but not install CWM RECOVERY ...it is necessary to install CWM ...please tell thanks

    • Kannon Yamada
      December 15, 2015 at 2:04 am

      You don't need a custom recovery. However, a custom recovery allows for a lot of different recovery options, rather than what the manufacturer allows. If something goes wrong and you only have the stock recovery, you might not be able to restore the device to working order (without a lot of additional effort).

  14. mak
    December 7, 2015 at 7:51 pm

    Hey after reinstall my stock rom on galaxy grand 2 i cant play clash of clans smoothly!! Any suggestion??

    • Kannon Yamada
      December 15, 2015 at 2:02 am

      TouchWiz is really slow. Your best bet is a custom ROM, unfortunately. Alternatively, you can always install a kernel, which allows for performance tweaking.

  15. Susant Maharjan
    October 23, 2015 at 6:57 am

    i forgot to backup my original os from my device and the custom rom is also deleted.what to do?when i open my phone it get stuck on model number samsung. please help mee///

    • Kannon Yamada
      October 23, 2015 at 3:52 pm

      Do you have a custom recovery installed? Can you access Download mode? Have you tried using Odin?

      http://forum.xda-developers.com/galaxy-s3/themes-apps/27-08-2013-odin-3-09-odin-1-85-versions-t2189539

      I'm going to very quickly explain how this works: Make sure you have no other choice, such as returning the device to the manufacturer for a replacement, before you begin modifying your device. Second: READ THE INSTRUCTIONS VERY CAREFULLY.

      If you still have access to any kind of Download, FastBoot, or Recovery mode, then you have great chances of recovering your device.

      • Susant Maharjan
        October 23, 2015 at 6:05 pm

        yes i fix it with odin.thankyou for your suggestion and can you tell me how to install apps on sd card in samsung galaxy star duos gts5282?

        • Kannon Yamada
          October 24, 2015 at 10:24 am

          It depends on the firmware version of the phone. On KitKat and Lollipop, apps can't be installed on the SD card. There are custom ROMs that can get around this though.

        • Lasse Brustad
          November 10, 2015 at 3:33 pm

          1. Use a computer to reformate the SD card
          2. Make 2 new partitions (1st a fat32, 2nd a ext2, maby you ned a program named Easy Partition Tools?)
          3. Turn of your phone and put the SD card into your phone and then start your phone
          4. Got to http://www.aptoide.com to download Aptoide (an app that works like google play and The Pirater Bay, made just for Android)
          5. Open Aptoide and download Link2SD and Link2SD Plus New
          6. Open Link2SD and choose the ext2 and reboot your phone
          7. Open Link2SD and link apps (move apps) to SD card like you want ;)

          If not working, contact me at Lasse.brustad@gmail.com :) I'm running custom ROM named BlissPop with Android version 5.1.1 on my Samsung Galaxy S5, if thats why it is working for me, I'm sorry that I can't help

        • Lasse Brustad
          November 10, 2015 at 3:59 pm

          Try use the app named Link2SD ;) worked for me when I used the full version, and followed a instruction on how to make it useable :)

        • Kannon Yamada
          December 15, 2015 at 2:05 am

          What version of the Android operating system do you have? 5.0 doesn't allow moving apps to SD card. In general, it's up to the app developer whether or not media data gets saved to an SD card.

  16. Pewdiepie Felix
    October 4, 2015 at 3:39 pm

    i rooted my device and try to update it into the looliipop. But and error accured and now iam not get into the recovery mode what should i do i have the infocus m350(i don't install the custo m recovery)

    • Kannon Yamada
      October 4, 2015 at 4:14 pm

      I believe you can simply perform a factory reset to remove root and restore the device to factory:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=g9akPRDb6Yc

      There's a distinct recovery partition on most Android phones. Unless you've somehow damaged the bootloader (which is highly doubtful), you should still be able to perform a factory reset.

  17. Ibraheem Anwar
    September 28, 2015 at 10:00 am

    Can only rooting cause my phone to be bricked?or using custom rom causes it to be bricked?pls let me know.

    • Kannon Yamada
      October 10, 2015 at 1:29 pm

      Sorry for the late reply! Pretty much anything can soft-brick your device. The best way to avoid this is to make a backup. If you haven't (or can't), most root procedures can be reversed by factory resetting your device from either the bootloader or the recovery.

  18. Aniruddha Kakrambe AK
    September 27, 2015 at 5:19 pm

    Hi guy, I rooted my galaxy note 2 so as to play game that was not compatible to my phone. I am not gonna do anything else like installing custom ROM and all that. so I wanted to that is my phone safe from bricking if I dont install custom ROM or do anything else apart from being able to play not compatible games.
    Thank You

    • Kannon Yamada
      October 10, 2015 at 1:31 pm

      I'm not familiar with many root processes that allow you to play incompatible games. Most of the time, the key restriction on installing a game is the onboard SoC or the operating system version. If you just don't have the right GPU then you can't play the game period. If your operating system is not correct, then only a custom ROM with an updated version of the OS will work.

      In short, it's just not worth the risk, if it's just a game. You might as well buy a really cheap Android gaming device, like a tablet.

  19. Starwayal
    May 29, 2015 at 11:35 pm

    The rooting of my LG G2 failed. Now it's dead. Used KingoRoot. Do you have any suggestion if it's possible to revive it? Thanks.

  20. yuv
    April 7, 2015 at 12:11 pm

    addition to that, my tab is now showing "encryption unsuccessful" warning upon booting. asking me to factory reset the tab. but no luck!

    • Lasse Brustad
      November 10, 2015 at 3:55 pm

      1. Go to Settings > Security
      2. Turn of Reactivation Lock
      3. Try again ;)

  21. yuv
    April 7, 2015 at 11:42 am

    im really sorry.. i wasnt sure about the root. During installation of custom ROM via sd card, all process are successful (as if it was flashed perfectly). But when i tried booting it, nothing happened. same old stuck at boot animation.

    when i tried flashing in stock firmware using ODIN. it fails. as below;

    Enter CS for MD5..
    Check MD5.. Do not unplug the cable..
    Please wait..
    P5100XXDNA1_P5100AUTDNA1_P5100XXDMG1_HOME.tar.md5 is valid.
    Checking MD5 finished Sucessfully..
    Leave CS..
    Added!!
    Removed!!
    Added!!
    Odin engine v(ID:3.1005)..
    File analysis..
    SetupConnection..
    Initialzation..
    Get PIT for mapping..
    Firmware update start..
    SingleDownload.
    system.img
    NAND Write Start!!
    Complete(Write) operation failed.
    All threads completed. (succeed 0 / failed 1)

    And about the unlocked bootloader. i have no idea about it. and i dont have access to ADB and fastboot at the moment. but i can get it right?
    or should i just get it done at the store? thank you :)

    • Kannon Y
      April 9, 2015 at 4:39 am

      It's not writing to memory. From what you described, this is not a good scenario. You do have a lot of the pieces needed to restore, but without ADB/Fastboot, you can't get root access from a PC.

      ADB commands require that you have ADB enabled on the device itself. If it isn't bootable, you can't get access to ADB. You lose ADB if you wipe the system directory. If you created a backup of your last functional state, you can restore your functional image using the recovery and hopefully ADB will function again.

      I just read that Samsung devices have something similar to Fastboot, called Download mode:

      http://wiki.cyanogenmod.org/w/Install_CM_for_p3110

      Is there any chance that you might use Download mode to flash a new image?

      I found a YouTube video which covers this issue:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8paxecpHctw

      I'm not at all familiar with Samsung devices. You could probably get more help by posing this question on XDA's Samsung Tab 2 10.1:

      http://forum.xda-developers.com/galaxy-tab-2

      There's guys there who are absolutely brilliant at solving these kinds of issues.

  22. PSP
    April 7, 2015 at 11:23 am

    Really thankful for your great advice.....i have owned new micromax A069 bolt and im very much interested to root it. but unfortunately Framaroot does not support this model and im a little scared of bricking my phone.....if you can suggest a safe option..... i would be thankful!!!

    • Kannon Y
      April 9, 2015 at 4:08 am

      Unfortunately, I do not have experience with Micromax devices. The various root techniques are dependent on the chip/SoC used. The primary source for this kind of information is XDA. They have a thread on the A069 right now and they suggest using VROOT:

      http://forum.xda-developers.com/general/help/how-to-root-micromax-bolt-a069-t2824464

      The other method does not appear to be effective.

    • Pratham Aggarwal
      June 28, 2015 at 7:42 am

      psp just download a app named kingroot in your phone from google chrome its an apk file and install it in your mobile open it and it will root your your device in just 2 min without bricking you phone its an easy and safe method

  23. Kannon Y
    March 30, 2015 at 11:32 pm

    Aren't custom ROMs rooted by default?

    What error messages are you receiving when attempting to install a custom ROM or restore a backup?

    It sounds almost as if you don't have an unlocked bootloader, if you can't access the recovery.

    The first step in altering your device is unlocking the bootloader. If the bootloader somehow reverts back to its locked, encrypted state, you must again unlock it. There's several methods available in fastboot and ADB. Do you have access (it sounds like you don't) to either?

  24. yuv
    March 29, 2015 at 6:41 am

    hey, my samsung galaxy tab 2 10.1 (p5100) with omnirom and CWM recovery was stuck on the boot animation and wouldn't start up, after i attempt to flash in a new rom. now i couldnt flash any roms or any recoveries. and my backups cant be applied. is there any way i can get anything to be flashed in the tab? the tab is not rooted by the way. your help would greatly be appreciated. thanks

  25. Mike
    February 28, 2015 at 6:46 am

    Will this work for tablets.My tablet is nextbook premium 7 se android tablet.

  26. Steve
    February 23, 2015 at 4:23 pm

    I soft-bricked my phone on Friday. Glad for all the resources there are, online; I was able to bring it back by flashing a stock rooted ROM for my firmware version. Could not figure out how to restore my own NANDroid backup because my phone has no sdcard.

    I've got an HTC One M7 and the lack of external storage has proven a real hurdle. Still trying to figure out how to flash a custom ROM; trying to do that with Android Revolution 6.1 for 4.4.2 is what bricked my phone in the first place. My backups were on /sdcard, which got wiped in the bad flash. Couldn't move copies of backup from my PC to my phone due to a protocol error, which is why I had to flash the stock ROM that I found online. Now, too, the TWRP directory on /sdcard is not where my backups are going; they're going to /data/media/TWRP and I can't see that directory in Windows explorer, so I've been using ES to move copies to DCIM and then copy them to my PC. Such a hassle.

    As for the custom ROM flash failure, I'm new to all of this, so I know there is something going on of which I'm unaware ... and at which, right now, I can only guess: is my firmware out-of-date for this ROM? Did the last, or last few, OTA(s) from AT&T patch something that interfered with my phones ability to accept the custom ROM? I'm still looking for answers. Brave new world, for me, this Android development.

    • Kannon Y
      March 2, 2015 at 3:29 am

      It seems my response didn't make it. Sorry that this has reached you belatedly.

      Once you've installed a custom ROM, OTA patches will not work. OTA patches require that your device not have any modifications. Even root access can disrupt an OTA patch. Sorry about that!

  27. Huzaif
    February 15, 2015 at 3:36 am

    please some send me a link to me for downloading app teamwin... please..

  28. Nihat
    December 17, 2014 at 12:30 pm

    Good advice before attempting such reset or rooting. If I select everything when backing up with titanum backup , does it become a Nandroid backup?

  29. max payne
    March 5, 2014 at 8:11 am

    It would be cool if all android phones came with a custom recovery installed by default, save us all one step...

    • Then it wouldn't be custom...
      April 9, 2014 at 10:20 am

      @max payne

      Think about the word "custom" for a moment.

  30. Edison
    February 22, 2014 at 7:42 pm

    Great piece, thanks for the tips.

  31. mohit kumar
    October 17, 2013 at 5:31 pm

    As a first time Android user, I thank MUO for writing this article.

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