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Whether you’re buying a laptop or a desktop today, it’s advisable to get a Solid State Drive (SSD) over a traditional Hard Disk Drive (HDD). SSDs are faster, more stable, and conserve less power, making them superior in every way.

But that doesn’t mean SSDs are flawless.

If you know what SSDs are all about 101 Guide To Solid State Drives 101 Guide To Solid State Drives Solid State Drives (SSDs) have really taken the mid-range to high end computing world by storm. But what are they? Read More , then you know that their weakness lies in how they’re made and how they work. While they have an expected life span of five to seven years, many SSDs have failed faster than that. Knowing what to watch out for, and how to protect yourself, is part of the battle.

How Do SSDs Fail?

Unlike in HDDs, there are no physical moving platters in SSDs, so it’s immune from old hard disk issues 5 Signs Your Hard Drive Lifetime Is Ending (And What to Do) 5 Signs Your Hard Drive Lifetime Is Ending (And What to Do) Since a majority of people today own laptops and external hard drives, which get dragged around quite a bit, a realistic hard drive lifetime is probably around 3 - 5 years. This is an extremely... Read More . However, while the storage component itself isn’t susceptible to mechanical failure, other components are.

SSDs require a capacitor and power supplies, which are vulnerable to malfunctions — especially in the case of a power surge or a power failure Do You Really Need a Surge Protector? Do You Really Need a Surge Protector? A surge protector is not the same thing as a power strip! Here's how they're different and why you need surge protectors instead, as well as how to choose a good one. Read More . In fact, in the case of a power failure, SSDs have been known to corrupt existing data too The Effects Power Outages Can Have On Your Computer The Effects Power Outages Can Have On Your Computer Do you unplug your computer during severe storms? If not, you may want to start. Read More , even if the drive itself hasn’t failed completely.

SSD-errors-signs-symptoms-drive

The other possible problem with SSDs is that they have limited read/write cycles — an issue that exists with all kinds of flash memory 7 Terms You Need to Know When Buying a New SSD 7 Terms You Need to Know When Buying a New SSD While SSD specifications may seem overly daunting at first, the truth is that these terms are quite simple to understand. Read More .

Now, all that being said, SSDs should last many years on average Hard Drives, SSDs, Flash Drives: How Long Will Your Storage Media Last? Hard Drives, SSDs, Flash Drives: How Long Will Your Storage Media Last? How long will hard drives, SSDs, flash drives continue to work, and how long will they store your data if you use them for archiving? Read More  so you shouldn’t worry or be paranoid. In fact, if you bought an SSD in the last couple of years, then research has shown that new SSDs are less susceptible to these read/write problems than old ones.

Either way, the read/write cycle will affect whether you can write to your SSD. Since you’ll still be able to read your data, it can all be retrieved. However, you’ll still want to know when it is nearing the end of its life so that you can upgrade — so here are the important symptoms to be aware of.

The Warning Signs of a Dying SSD

The incessant whirring or ticking of an HDD is an easy way to know if it’s failing. However, unlike HDDs, SSDs won’t make a noise to tell you that something is going wrong.

SSD-errors-signs-symptoms-crystal-disk-mark

The most hassle-free and reliable way to find out if your drive is running smoothly is to install software which checks it and silently monitors it for flaws. Windows users might want to try Crystal Disk Mark (one of the top tools to maintain your SSD Top Tools for Managing and Maintaining Your SSD Top Tools for Managing and Maintaining Your SSD Did your SSD start out Usain Bolt fast, but now limps along? You can whip your drive back into shape using a handful of toolkits and optimization software, but caveat emptor: Some SSD optimization software... Read More ) while Mac OS X users can take a look at Smart Reporter Lite.

Download: Crystal Disk Mark for Windows (Free)

Download: Smart Reporter Lite for Mac OS X (Free)

Apart from that, here are some signs to watch out for, symptoms of a bad drive, and what you can do about it.

1. Errors Involving Bad Blocks

Much like “bad sectors” on HDDs, there are “bad blocks” on SSDs. This is typically a scenario where the computer attempts to read or save a file, but it takes an unusually long time and ends in failure, so the system eventually gives up with an error message.

SSD-errors-signs-symptoms-bad-blocks

The common symptoms of bad blocks are:

  1. A file cannot be read or written to the hard drive.
  2. Your PC/file system needs to be repaired.
  3. Active applications often freeze up and crash.
  4. Frequent errors while moving files.
  5. Generally running slow, especially while accessing large files.

In case you see any of these symptoms, the best idea is to run Crystal Disk Mark or Smart Reporter Lite or Hard Disk Sentinel and check if there are any physical problems with your drive. If there are, then back up your files right away 5 Basic Backup Facts Every Windows User Should Know 5 Basic Backup Facts Every Windows User Should Know We never tire to remind you to make backups and keep your data safe. If you're wondering what, how often, and where you should back up your files, we have straight forward answers. Read More and start shopping for a replacement SSD.

2. Files Cannot Be Read or Written

There are two ways in which a bad block can affect your files:

  1. The system detects the bad block while writing data to the drive, and thus refuses to write data.
  2. The system detects the bad block after the data has been written, and thus refuses to read that data.

SSD-errors-signs-symptoms-drive-cannot-read-written

In the first scenario, your data has never been written, so it isn’t corrupted. Usually, the system will resolve it automatically. In case it doesn’t, you can probably fix this by attempting to save the file in a different location, or by copying it to the cloud, restarting your computer, and then saving it back to your drive.

In the second scenario, unfortunately, your data can’t be easily retrieved. You can try some methods to recover data from a failed SSD Can Data Be Recovered From a Failed SSD? Can Data Be Recovered From a Failed SSD? Many users assume that, because an SSD has no mechanical parts, they are at less risk to fail. Unfortunately, that logic just doesn't hold for SSDs. Read More , but don’t get your hopes up. Bad blocks usually mean that whatever data contained on those blocks is lost for good.

3. The File System Needs Repair

Ever seen an error message like this pop up on your screen, in either Windows or Mac? Sometimes this can happen simply because of not shutting down your computer properly. However, other times, it can be a sign of your SSD developing bad blocks or a problem in the connector port.

SSD-errors-signs-symptoms-Your-PC-Needs-To-Be-Repaired-BSOD

Thankfully, the resolution of this problem is easy. Windows, Mac, and Linux come with built-in with repair tools for a corrupt file system. Upon such an error, each OS will prompt you to run their respective tool, so follow the steps and repair the file system.

There is a chance of losing some data in this process, and recovering it might be difficult. It’s yet another good reason to back up all your files periodically 6 Safest Ways to Backup & Restore Your Files in Windows 7 & 8 6 Safest Ways to Backup & Restore Your Files in Windows 7 & 8 By now, we're sure you've read the advice over and over: Everyone needs to back up their files. But deciding to back up your files is only part of the process. There are so many... Read More .

4. Frequent Crashes During Boot

If your PC is crashing during the boot process but works fine after hitting the reset button a couple of times, then your drive is likely to blame. It might be a bad block or the sign of a dying drive, so it’s best to back up your data before you lose any of it.

SSD-errors-signs-symptoms-boot-error

To test whether it’s the drive, download and run one of the aforementioned diagnostic tools. If you have backed up your data, you can also try formatting your drive and reinstalling the OS. Here is a quick guide to reformat Windows Wondering How To Reformat Windows 8? Let Me Explain Wondering How To Reformat Windows 8? Let Me Explain You probably want to perform a clean installation. With Windows 8, this typically doesn't involve formatting anymore. Let's find out what you can do instead. Read More and one on how to reinstall OS X How To Reinstall Mac OS X For A Fast, Squeaky-Clean Mac How To Reinstall Mac OS X For A Fast, Squeaky-Clean Mac Just like Windows, prolonged use of a Mac slows down the operating system. When you've been hoarding data and applications for over a year, the difference in performance starts to show. It just doesn't run... Read More .

5. Your Drive Becomes Read-Only

It’s not that common, but some users have experienced this one. Your SSD might refuse to let you perform any operations that require it to write data to disk. However, it can still work in read-only mode. For all intents and purposes, the drive appears dead, but surprise, your data can still be recovered!

SSD-errors-signs-symptoms-destination-read-only

Before you throw away an SSD that you think has failed, try connecting it as an external hard drive or a secondary hard drive to another computer. Make sure you don’t boot the operating system from the SSD, you need to use the computer’s main drive for that.

In case the SSD is still functioning in read-only mode, you can retrieve all your files before securely erasing the SSD How To Securely Erase Your SSD Without Destroying It How To Securely Erase Your SSD Without Destroying It SSDs can only be written to a limited number of times. This is a challenge, particularly for erasing data and doing so securely, which can vastly reduce performance and shorten SSD drive life. Read More .

Have Your SSDs Ever Failed?

If your SSD is on the verge of failure, or if you’ve owned one for over five years, then the safest thing to do would be to start shopping for a replacement. But before you do that, here are some important things to consider when buying a new SSD 5 Things You Should Consider When Buying An SSD 5 Things You Should Consider When Buying An SSD The world of home computing is moving towards solid state drives for storage. Should you buy one? Read More .

We want to hear from those of you who have experienced an SSD failure. Did you manage to get your data out safely? Were there any warning signs? What advice would you give others?

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  1. Richard
    September 21, 2017 at 4:28 pm

    H'mmmm,

    My Compaq Seine all in one is seven years old but I thought I'd give it a boost and replace the old 160gb drive with a 128gb Patriot Spark ssd unit. Change for change sake? Anyway the new ssd has only lasted four months and a check disk shows most of it is now unreadable.....
    Back to the original drive I guess.
    Unfortunately this doesn't seems to be a unique experience.......

  2. Uli
    May 31, 2017 at 9:41 pm

    I've had an HP All-in-One with a 2TB SSD for about 6 months. Presently, it's in the shop because it fails to boot from the SSD, and has no HDD. I get a "S.M.A.R.T." warning that there's failure iminent, but when I go on, allowing it to attempt to boot, it fails because it "thinks" it has no HDD.

    I recommend daily full image backup, including all app's and the OS, and multiple virus scans each day.

    I'm presently looking for an appropriate way to accomplish that in a single operation. That may not work easily under Windows10, which seems to interfere with everything useful.

  3. Nico
    April 25, 2017 at 7:55 am

    Samsung SM961 crashed after 27 days of use. Its the OEM Version of the Samsung 960 Pro. BSOD while running Win 10 (all drivers, firmware, uefi up to date). Without any signs. CrystallDiskInfo one day before and EVERYTHING seems fine.

    On Day 26, I made a backup of all my data. On Day 28-30 I planned to backup System / OS. Damn!

  4. Robert
    March 16, 2017 at 11:48 pm

    I believe I just lost my 480 gig SSD. It started about 3 weeks ago and would not boot. It was bought at the beginning of February. This is the middle of March. I believe it was the boot sector that was corrupted. It was easy to recover because I had a 750 gig HDD backup that I clone often. Earlier this week the SSD would not boot again. I again cloned it from my HDD. I went and did some work on my SSD and wanted to make sure I kept a copy of the work I had completed, so I cloned the work onto my HDD. After cloning, the SSD would not boot again. I wondered if my worst fears would happen. I tried to boot off of my HHD and now it would not boot. I cloned a fatal boot problem to my HDD. Now I do not have any drive to boot from. Taking two days of using the command prompt using "bootrec" and 10 other commands, I was able to copy boot files from an old Win 10 laptop HDD I had, to the HDD in the machine. I had a usb dock to link the drives via computer. The problem was, it took me about 15-20 tries before I had the HDD back up and running. I ordered a new WD 500 gig SSD to replace the "bad" SSD. I did not buy one from the same manufacture, which I believe was Mushkin. It took a while but I did learn a lot. I also learned not to clone from a failing SSD or HDD. I also have two laptops with IDE SSD's and they work flawlessly and fast for IDE.

  5. chris
    March 3, 2017 at 9:09 pm

    Just RMAed a samsung 950 pro... couple days ago i tried installing gta 5 on steam. During allocating disk space, before the download even began, i got bsod critical process died. After 2 days of straight troubleshooting, i determined that not only was the ssd in a read only raw filesystem state, preventing windows recovery and reinstillation processes, but the drive would always show up for a split second, but upon attempting format, delete partition, chkdsk, sfc /scannow, any and all DISKPART functions, bootrec cmds, or any drive interaction at all, the drive would vanish from existance preventing any function. Troubleshooted BIOS, fiddled with secure boot and others, no effect. Drive is on its way back, running memtest86 and such to try and rule out other components.

    Its a m.2 ssd, i wanted to try to plug it somewhere else but i had no ability. Funny thing is local computer repair places, even geeksquad told me they cant plug this type of drive in. I suppose if i had an adapter...but we will see what happens with the RMA.

    My worst fear is a faulty m.2 port on the motherboard and not it being failure of the drive.

  6. Paul
    March 2, 2017 at 2:14 pm

    Just had an amicroe 240GB SSD die on me. Bought it in December and It's now the start of March.; so 3 months is NOT what I'd expect the life to be. All of a sudden it had errors booting into windows, I couldn't restore windows and didn't want to loose the data on it so buying a new SSD to reinstall windows tomorrow. Taken 7 hours to fully fully check it.

    PS running Win 10 Pro. Plugged into laptop with adaptor extremely slow to recognize/read and couldn't access docs, downloads, desktop etc.

  7. MSW
    February 26, 2017 at 10:39 am

    Just had total failure of Samsung SSD 850 EVO 1TB, no warning at all, failed during playing a game, drive totally dead, tried it in 3 other Pc's no go, It was brought from Amazon 2 years ago to date, they have agreed to send a replacement after me quoting sale of goods act, instead of them fobbing me off to the manfacture for replacement. Luckly I do complete backups.

  8. T.G.
    November 2, 2016 at 5:23 pm

    If you are having regular SSD failures....buy another brand. I work in a corporate environment and during our pilot rollout of SSD's one batch from a vendor who will not be named, every device failed within 3 months. The vendor we finally settled on has had a great track record. Some of our SSD's are now over 6 years old. As this is a corporate setting they will either be aged out via upgrade cycle or attrition. We did get a batch from this vendor with a very nasty firmware flaw that mimed a catastrophic fail, but a firmware update and it was back to normal. Bottom line is ymmv, but if you are getting repeat failures in short order, rethink your next purchase.

  9. Steven)
    October 25, 2016 at 8:40 pm

    No warning signs but a different one: BOOM!!!

  10. Howard Hart
    October 24, 2016 at 11:02 pm

    Sometimes, SSDs will fail "out of the box" as my appears to be doing. Fewer than 2 weeks ago, (11-Oct-16) I got the 120 GB drive as a replacement for the HDD that crashed in my (dare I say it) now 8 year old WIN 7 Pro machine. It booted the OS just dandy and was humming along. I used it to access the previous crashed HDD to retrieve its data-(surprisingly so!) Then, about 7 days into its life with me, the machine tells me that the G: drive (the crashed previous HDD that I retrieved some data from and left hooked up) needs File Checking. OK, so this REALLY confirms that HDD crashed. So, the new SSD now doesn't want to allow me to sign in, it won't boot without the WIN 7 media disk and when I did get logged in, it erased ALL the emails in the Mozilla Thunderbird inbox. Then, it started NOT putting the computer to sleep; power profiles (any of them) can't be altered and it decided to change the look of WIN 7 Pro to that of the "classic WIN 98"-slate grey with right angle corners on the start button, for instance. It also doesn't seem to want to allow me to make a fresh install of WIN 7 Pro. There have been other error-type messages than lead me to conclude believe that in all of this, the new SSD failed out of the box and something from the failed previous HDD that failed might have caused this issue. Either way, it appears it's time to buy another new SSD.

    • Bárður Eliassen
      December 9, 2016 at 1:40 pm

      If you install windows on a computer with a new hard drive and leave the old one still attached then the boot sector could happen to go onto the old hard drive so that was a big mistake. always remove the old hard drive while making a clean install to insure everything goes to the same drive. I also found out the hard way.

      I am pretty sure it was not your SSD causing these problems, i do not know how you got to these issues since you did not explain what you did step by step but i am sure its not caused by the hard drive.

  11. Dave
    October 18, 2016 at 7:02 pm

    Five years?? I've had this laptop approximately 5 years and have replaced the SSD at least 3 times, or is it 4? I keep my data on a regular HD and it just keeps going fine. Seems like about every 8 to 14 months they hit their read/write limit and that's it. My recommendation is to keep a cloned backup drive or you end up not only having to reinstall all your software, but also buying a new OS.

  12. Klepto
    August 12, 2016 at 2:28 pm

    I have two SSDs in my gaming computer and one just failed due to Microsoft's Anniversary Update (or at least that's who I'm blaming). Thankfully it's not the one the OS is on, but the one all my Steam games is on. Yeah, I'll have to reinstall my games but I think the save points in them are in My Documents on my OS drive. They are both Samsung EVO drives. I'm still running the scan on it (started it last night and this morning it was 53% done when I left for work) and I already ordered another one. Price/performance trade-off meant getting another EVO. Not worth another $70 for the pro or more for a different model. I have all my essential docs & images on a server.

  13. Anonymous
    August 7, 2016 at 8:58 pm

    I'm having an issue where my computer restarts (can't confirm the restart thing) and comes up with the unable to find Boot Device error.

    It has happened a number of times now, and usually happens when computer is not in use.

    Oddly, Restart will not clear the error but a Reboot will.

    My SSD tests fine with in house software & Windows Event Viewer is no help.

    I thought it might have been my old PSU, which blew up a couple weeks ago, but I am still getting it as it just happened this morning.

    Since it is happening when it would be using the least amount of power, I cannot see it being a PSU Problem.

    I also switched my BIOS, I have a DUAL BIOS, but that doesn't seem to have helped

    Any Ideas?

    • S_Miller23
      December 18, 2016 at 5:06 pm

      I'm having the same problem, but I think the guy is right about the SSD failing. I have a Samsung 840 EVO 256gb. It reports ok in the Magician software, but still....symptoms are very similar. I even got the same blue screen today in the middle of watching a movie.

  14. Gillian V
    May 16, 2016 at 1:30 am

    Smart Reporter Lite appears to be discontinued.

  15. ugurkrl
    May 15, 2016 at 8:19 pm

    you mean crystal disk info ?
    " In case you see any of these symptoms, the best idea is to run Crystal Disk Mark or Smart Reporter Lite or Hard Disk Sentinel "

  16. Robert
    May 15, 2016 at 6:31 pm

    CrystalDiskMark doesn't read any SMART data or does anything to maintain your SSD - all it can do is measure the performance.
    You want CrytalDiskInfo to check the SMART data of your drive (it also says so in the link you refer to).

  17. Anonymous
    April 28, 2016 at 12:38 pm

    Well ever since I've switched to Windows 10 I have constant crashes and have had to do clean installs 7 times now (did one two days ago after changing up some ram when it went nuts).

    So it may genuinely be my hdd that's the problem and not windows 10...more money to fork out....sigh...

  18. Nerdebeu
    April 17, 2016 at 7:04 am

    The SSD is a strange animal.

    On the same PC I have two SSD Samsung 256 GB.

    A 840 Pro bought in September 2013 and a 850 Pro bought in September 2015 (the two are not EVO).

    The first suffered from numerous power failures, but his State of health is 97% and has no bad sector.

    The second suffered only a power failure, is at 99% and has a bad sector that has been remapped. (HD Sentinel says that he has no concern to have at this stage and it is much too early to involve the warranty)

    Yet the 850 Pro is theoretically more robust since it is guaranteed 10 years against 5 for the 840 Pro.

  19. Raphael Reynoso
    April 15, 2016 at 10:15 pm

    "conserve less power" ???

  20. Anonymous
    April 15, 2016 at 3:33 pm

    I Have Never Seen A Physical SSD, But By The First Comment I Do Not See Any Big Difference From Crappy FlashDrives With Corrupted Files - And I Have Seen A Lot Of Them.

    Most Storage Devices Without Moving Parts Are Crap - And SSDs Are Really Expensive Crap.

    I Rather Have An HDD That Is Suddenly Forever Unreadable, Than A Supposedly Working SSD With Hidden Corrupted Files.

    I Will Never Trade Reliability For Speed, Period.

    • ugurkrl
      May 15, 2016 at 8:24 pm

      They arent expensive that much anymore. You can find 120GB MLC disk for 35-40USD
      Yes they aren't reliable. But HDD + SSD combo is fast, reliable and cheap.

      • Anonymous
        May 15, 2016 at 8:55 pm

        I Simply Do Not Trust Them - Manufacturers Better Pay Me To Use Their Crap.

        Thank You For Responding.

    • James
      October 24, 2016 at 8:25 am

      You're an ignorant fool and to say ssd's are crap when you've not even used one. Get a llife mate

      • A41202813GMAIL
        October 24, 2016 at 4:06 pm

        I Bet You Are Next In Line For The Upcoming **KARMA Is A Beetch** Award.

        Do Not Forget To Come Here Again When The Nomination Hits Your Face Really Hard.

  21. Anonymous
    April 14, 2016 at 10:23 pm

    Since you did not mention any SSD monitoring software for Linux, does that mean that SSDs used on a Linux system do not fail? :-)

    • Anonymous
      April 15, 2016 at 12:27 am

      You'd probably use something like SMARTMonTools to monitor the drive's SMART status on Linux.

  22. Data1001
    April 14, 2016 at 10:06 pm

    Had my main drive — an SSD — fail last month. No real warning signs, although I guess my OS had been lagging more and more, though it was a pretty gradual change. Managed to retrieve much of the data via recovery software, but some of the files in my documents folder were irretrievably damaged. What's more, apparently those files got corrupted much earlier and so although I was backing up that folder regularly, the backups got corrupted, too, as the program I was using apparently decided the corrupted versions were newer and should replace the older, un-corrupted ones.

    My advice: back up like crazy. Save some early backups, too — ones that you know are good. And once you've gotten your OS tweaked just the way you want it, do a disk image of the entire drive, so you don't have to start from scratch reinstalling everything and restoring all the default settings. Although you'll want to keep a backup of your most crucial stuff on an external drive or disc, it's not a bad idea to also back up to the cloud, since most cloud servers have redundant backups. Those external backups may fail, but presumably, your cloud backups should remain viable for as long as you keep them there.

    • Thersites
      July 27, 2017 at 10:17 pm

      I agree with most of your recommendations, but am posting to point out the really low (intellectually low) level of answers available on the Web to the question 'How (=in what way) do SSDs fail?'.
      A strategy of 'take lots of backups' is no defence against unrecognised corruptions - it just gives you a false sense of security and lots of copies of duff files to sort through while regretting at leisure.