*Originally published in July 2013. Updated by Ryan Dube in October 2017.*

I’ve always believed that Excel is one of the most powerful software tools out there. It isn’t just the fact that it’s a powerful spreadsheet application. Microsoft Excel itself has such an impressive collection of built-in tools and features. In this article, I plan to show you how powerful formulas and conditional formatting can be, with three useful examples.

We’ve covered a number of different ways to make better use of Excel, such as using it to create your own calendar template How to Make a Calendar Template In Excel How to Make a Calendar Template In Excel You'll always need a calendar. We show you how to create your own custom template for free with Microsoft Excel. Read More , using it as a goals management tool 10+ Useful Excel Templates for Project Management & Tracking 10+ Useful Excel Templates for Project Management & Tracking Templates are to project managers what knives are to professional chefs: indispensable. We show you how you can replicate successful projects by using ready-made templates in Microsoft Excel and beyond. Read More , and other unique ways that you can use it to manage your life. Just read those articles and you’ll see just how powerful Excel can be.

Much of the power really lies behind the formulas and rules that you can write to manipulate data and information automatically, regardless of what data you insert into the spreadsheet.

## Digging Into Excel

With the right information, you can create a system that automatically calculates and recalculates results and reports from that raw data. Today, I’d like to dig a little further under the surface and show you how you can use some of the underlying formulas and other tools to make better use of Excel.

### Cool Conditional Formatting With Formulas

One of the tools that I think people just don’t use often enough is Conditional Formatting. If you’re looking for more advanced information on conditional formatting in Excel, make sure to check out Sandy’s article on formatting data in Excel with conditional formatting Automatically Format Data in Excel Spreadsheets With Conditional Formatting Automatically Format Data in Excel Spreadsheets With Conditional Formatting Excel's conditional formatting feature lets you format individual cells in an Excel spreadsheet based on their value. We show you how to use this for various everyday tasks. Read More .

With the use of formulas, rules, or just a few really simple settings, you can transform a spreadsheet into an automated dashboard that shows you a lot about the information in the spreadsheet at just a glance.

To get to Conditional Formatting, you just click on the Home tab, and click on the “Conditional Formatting” toolbar icon.

Under conditional formatting, there are a bunch of options. Most of these are beyond the scope of this particular article, but the majority of them are about highlighting, coloring or shading cells based on the data within that cell. This is probably the most common use of conditional formatting – doing things like turning a cell red using logical less-than or greater-than formulas. Brad Jones describes how to use a lot of these in his article on creating an Excel Dashboard Visualize Your Data & Make Your Spreadsheets User Friendly With An Excel Dashboard Visualize Your Data & Make Your Spreadsheets User Friendly With An Excel Dashboard Sometimes, a simple spreadsheet format isn't engaging enough to make your data accessible. A dashboard allows you to present your most important data in an easy-to-digest format. Read More — well worth checking out if that’s your goal.

One of the lesser used conditional formatting tools is the icon sets option, which offers a great set of icons you can use to turn an Excel data cell into a dashboard display icon.

I discovered this once I upgraded Microsoft Office 13+ Reasons You Should Upgrade to Microsoft Office 2016 13+ Reasons You Should Upgrade to Microsoft Office 2016 Microsoft Office 2016 is here and it's time for you to make a decision. The productivity question is -- should you upgrade? We give you the new features and the fresher reasons to help you... Read More and used conditional formatting in Excel for the first time.

I checked out the icon sets and saw these cool LED indicator lights that I had only really seen before in some of the factory automation displays I’ve programmed in the past. When you click on “Manage rules”, it’ll take you to the Conditional Formatting Rules Manager. Depending on the data you selected before choosing the icon set, you’ll see the cell indicated in the Manager window, with the icon set you just chose.

When you click on “Edit Rule…”, you see the dialog where the magic happens. This is where you can create the logical formula and equations that will display the dashboard icon you want. In my example, I monitor time spent on different tasks versus my budgeted time. If I’ve gone over half my budget, I want a yellow light to display, and if I’m over budget, I want it to go red.

As you can see, I’m not really budgeting my time too well. Almost half of my time is spent way over what I’ve budgeted.

Time to refocus and better manage my time Use the 80/20 Time Management Rule to Prioritize Your Tasks Use the 80/20 Time Management Rule to Prioritize Your Tasks How do you maximize your time? If you already prioritize, delegate, and still struggle to get everything done, you should try the 80/20 rule, also known as Pareto Principle. Read More !

### Look Up Items With the VLookup Function

Okay, maybe that isn’t crazy enough for you. Maybe you aren’t so excited about simple logical formulas turning lights on and off. If you like using more advanced Excel functions, then I’ve gone another one for you.

You’re probably familiar with the VLookup function, which lets you search through a list for a particular item in one column, and return the data from a different column in the same row as that item. Unfortunately, the function requires that the item you’re searching for in the list is in the left column, and the data that you’re looking for is on the right, but what if they’re switched?

In the example below, what if I want to find the Task that I performed on 6/25/2013 from the following data?

In this case, you’re searching through values on the right, and you want to return the corresponding value on the left – opposite the way VLookup normally works Search Excel Spreadsheets Faster: Replace VLOOKUP With INDEX and MATCH Search Excel Spreadsheets Faster: Replace VLOOKUP With INDEX and MATCH Still using VLOOKUP to search for information in your spreadsheet? Here's how INDEX and MATCH can provide a better solution. Read More . If you read Excel pro-user forums you’ll find a lot of people saying this isn’t possible with VLookup and that you have to use a combination of Index and Match functions to do this. That’s not entirely true.

You can get VLookup to work this way by nesting a CHOOSE function into it. In this case, the formula would look like this:

`"=VLOOKUP(DATE(2013,6,25),CHOOSE({1,2},E2:E8,A2:A8),2,0)"`

What this function means is that you want to find the date 6/25/2013 in the lookup list, and then return the corresponding value from the column index. In this case, you’ll notice that the column index is “2”, but as you can see the column in the table above is actually 1, right?

That’s true, but what you’re doing with the “CHOOSE” function is manipulating the two fields. You’re assigning reference “index” numbers to ranges of data – assigning the dates to index number 1 and the tasks to index number two. So, when you type “2” in the VLookup function, you’re actually referring to Index number 2 in the CHOOSE function. Crazy, eh?

So now the VLookup uses the Date column and returns the data from the Task column, even though Task is on the left. Now that you know this little tidbit, just imagine what you can do!

If you’re trying to do other advanced data lookup tasks, be sure to check out Dann’s full article on finding data in Excel using lookup functions Find Anything in Your Excel Spreadsheet with Lookup Functions Find Anything in Your Excel Spreadsheet with Lookup Functions In a giant Excel spreadsheet, CTRL+F will only get you so far. Be clever and let formulas do the hard work. Lookup formulas save time and are easy to apply. Read More .

### Insane Nested Formulas to Parse Strings

As you can see, I’m trying to get a little crazier as we go, because I know there are some of you out there thinking, “…well that’s not crazy at ALL!!” I know, your standards are high. I’m trying to live up to them. Here’s one more crazy formula for you.

There may be cases where you either import data into Excel from an outside source that consists of a string of delimited data. Once you bring in the data, you want to parse that data out into the individual components. Here’s an example of name, address and phone number information delimited by the “;” character.

Here’s how you can parse this information using an Excel formula (see if you can mentally follow along with this insanity):

For the first field, to extract the leftmost item (the person’s name), you would simply use a LEFT function in the formula.

`"=LEFT(A2,FIND(";",A2,1)-1)"`

This searches the text string from A2, finds the “;” delimiter symbol, subtracts one for the proper location of the end of that string section, and then grabs the leftmost text to that point. In this case, that’s “Ryan”. Mission accomplished.

### Nesting Excel Formulas

But what about the other sections? Well, to extract the parts on the right, you need to nest multiple RIGHT functions to grab the section of text up until that first “;” symbol, and perform the LEFT function on it again. Here’s what that looks like for extracting the street number part of the address.

`"=LEFT((RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))),FIND(";",(RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))),1)-1)"`

It looks crazy, but it’s not hard to piece together. All I did is took this function:

`"RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))"`

And inserted it into every place in the LEFT function above where there’s an “A2”. This correctly extracts the second section of the string.

Each subsequent section of the string needs another nest created. So now you just take the crazy “RIGHT” equation you had created for the last section, and then pass that into a new RIGHT formula with the previous RIGHT formula pasted into itself wherever you see “A2”. Here’s what that looks like.

`"(RIGHT((RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))),LEN((RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))))-FIND(";",(RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))))))"`

Then you take THAT formula, and place it into the original LEFT formula wherever there’s an “A2”. The final mind-bending formula looks like this:

`"=LEFT((RIGHT((RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))),LEN((RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))))-FIND(";",(RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2)))))),FIND(";",(RIGHT((RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))),LEN((RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2))))-FIND(";",(RIGHT(A2,LEN(A2)-FIND(";",A2)))))),1)-1)"`

That formula correctly extracts “Portland, ME 04076” out of the original string.

To extract the next section, repeat the above process all over again. Your formulas can get really loopy, but all you’re doing is cutting and pasting long formulas into itself, make long nests that work really well!

Yes, this meets the requirement for “crazy”, but let’s be honest…there is a much simpler way to accomplish the same thing with one function. Just select the column with the delimited data, and then under the **Data** menu item, select **Text to Columns**. This will bring up a window where you can split the string by any delimiter you want.

In a couple of clicks you can do the same thing as that formula above…but what’s the fun in that?

### Getting Crazy With Excel

So there you have it. The above formulas prove just how over-the-top a person can get when creating Excel formulas to accomplish certain tasks. Sometimes those formulas aren’t actually the easiest (or best) way to accomplish things. Most programmers will tell you to keep it simple, and that’s as true with Excel formulas 16 Excel Formulas that Will Help You Solve Real Life Problems 16 Excel Formulas that Will Help You Solve Real Life Problems The right tool is half the work. Excel can solve calculations and process data faster than you can find your calculator. We show you key Excel formulas and demonstrate how to use them. Read More as anything else.

**Were these formulas and techniques wild enough? Do you have any amazing formula tricks of your own that make up your Excel super-user toolbox? Share your input and feedback in the comments section below!**

Image Credit: kues/Depositphotos

If you want crazy, then please answer my query.Iis there a way to do the following?

input on 1 worksheet two or three fields (last name, first name, company name)

then have a FIND/CHOOSE/whatever go through the rest of the workbook (12 pages or so)

then either GO TO any row that has all three and have a NEXT to move on if needed

OR return the page and row # where all three are

and if there is more than one instance of all three provide the other pages and rows

Basically I am looking for a way to improve upon the CTRL F that my company uses to search for last name only or first name only, but IF the list has multiple pages and has multiple "Ruiz" or "Johnny" or "Smith" then it takes forever to click next, next, next and IDENTIFY that 1 Ruiz or Johnny as being on my list.

The main problem is that these lists on the worksheets in the workbook all come from different companies that use subcontractors and often format their pages differently from each other, such that one will have two separate columns for first and last name while another uses one column for both (eg: last, first) and they are often in different columns. Some in A, some in D, some in F, you get the picture.

SO I need a SUPER DUPER FIND function with some boolean thrown in. If you could at least point me in the right direction, I would appreciate it.

this is a insane way of doing the simple task making it more complicated. Imagine you have big piece of text, may be with 50 comma separated fields, what would be your effort to create formulas for those fields.

If some one desires to be updated with most recent technologies after

that he must be go to see this site and be up to date daily.

fotbollstrÃ¸jer

Whoever wrote this article is a dork

Oh yea, why make it easy and simple when there is always a complicated solution.. :D

Only when you master excel VBA you release its true power. It is just ridicolous what can one do with it.

Like spell, perhaps

Not native, anyway, my spelling is kind of offtopic, how many languages do you speak?

Why would you not just use text to columns with the delimiter set to ";"? I get that you started talking about super crazy but I'm all about efficiency.

This is nothing. Not Impressed!

Then wow us with a really ggod one, please.

Then wow us with a really good one.

Wow. crazy formulas. I love it! THANKS.

Or, for that crazy data importing, download LibreOffice portable (google it), and open the file using LO Calc, save it to a .xlsx file, and open it in excel. MS excel's text file importing and exporting is terrible, but LO Calc does it really well. Just make sure you use the right tool for each job.

nice ijo9jijjjjjjjjjjj

Excel can parse data multiple ways.

If you have to use a formula, consider this formula:

=MID(A2,FIND(";",A2,FIND(";",A2)+2)+1,FIND(";",A2,FIND(";",A2)+3))

Where +2 and +3 represent the 2nd and 3rd occurrence.

This isn't quite accurate because the num_chars part of your MID formula doesn't return the correct value. Using the string given in the article, FIND(";",A2, FIND(";", A2)+3) will return "16", so the MID would become =MID(A2, 17, 16) 16 is the position of the 2nd semicolon.

This returns "Portland, ME 040" instead of "Portland, ME 04076"

rather than Lookup/Choose, a more powerful, and less processor intensive, option is the Index/Match

SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOO

EEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEESSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEEE

instead you could only use function in excel itself

data

text to coloum

delimited

semicolon

next

finish

Yes correct :D

Was thinking the same thing

Nice

if u want any help in excel working , im available at there on facebook,

djan427

find fill_{{{{_++++ c++ admin

find fill_+++++c++ jumla java admin

can anybody help with this?

i am looking for a code to sort a problem out and am wondering if this is possible

lines

(b) price (H-N) will have prices from different shops

i will fill in (H-N) with the prices

how to get excel to put the lowest price in (B)

this code will go in (g) if possible

now (H-N) have different colors, in the background not the text

can the color go as well but not just for (b) but also for (c-d-e-f)

and last but not least can the name of the shop go to (f)

any help is welcome

hope this makes sense to someone out there

cheers

hey ryan!

Thanks for the awesome excel guides . Sorry cz i'm pretty new in excel here.

But i was just wondering , for the first guide - icon sets , since the conditional formatting rules of the elapsed time (E2 - E8) is based on each rows' estimated time (B2-B8) individually respective to their rows . So do i have to input the formulas individually for each cell one by one ? or ...

Is there a faster way?

Thanks!

Sorry for troubling. I've been trying to figure this out for hours! :(

Hey Ryan,

You got to love the conditional formatting icon sets in Excel right. I use these all the time when I'm building dashboards.

I did find a really cool time saving shortcut key today. Use the = symbol when you are on a cell and select a range. You can then hit F9 and it will display a concatenated version of the range and place into the cell you are on. You can then take out the parentheses and the = sign and depending on your bi reporting software, you can use the concatenated value in the cell as a filter for your bi report. Saved me hours today.

Anyway, cheers!

Great post!

Thanks, but no thanks! :) Too complicated for my overworked brain!

My favorite is CTRL *

It selects the contiguous region around the cursor!

Another related one is CTRL . (That's a decimal point!)

This will cause the selected cell to move around the selected region clockwise for each CTRL . ! You can inspect a LARGE region in seconds.

Then there's ... select a cell with a formula. Then F2 then F9 and the computed value replaces the formula!

And the list goes on....

Show me Konami in Excel. That would be impressive.

Joe - That's actually a brilliant idea! Challenge accepted. Watch for an upcoming article. :-)

The other way to spread text data out into columns is under the Data tab. Select the data you want to move into columns, and click on Text to Columns. It will come up with the Convert Text to Columns Wizard, and you can choose Delimited or Fixed Width. If you keep it in Fixed Width, you can move the arrows around to change the break lines if you want two or more items in a single column. I use it all the time!

I would better suggest, instead of using the "Insane Nested Formulas to Parse Strings" method, to just open the imported file on a Notepad and just replace every ";" character to ",", therefore Excel will automatically parse each component to separate column. Of course this method is without using Excel to do what you need.

Thanks Ryan for the "Insane Nested Formulas to Parse Strings", I did't know excel could do that :)

Thanks Endri. It's probably not the prettiest or most elegant way to do it - but I wanted to see how far I could push Excel to process a super-insane formula. :-)

That's not a super insane formula...

This is,

{=IFERROR(IF(OR((LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'Years Of Coverage'!A:P,COLUMN(),FALSE),2))=(LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'Application Data'!A:O,{4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15},FALSE),2)),(LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'Years Of Coverage'!A:P,COLUMN(),FALSE),2))=(LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,Districts!A:O,{4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15},FALSE),2)),(LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'Years Of Coverage'!A:P,COLUMN(),FALSE),2))=(LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'New Data'!A:V,{4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22},FALSE),2)),(LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'Years Of Coverage'!A:P,COLUMN(),FALSE),2))=(LEFT(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,Digitized!A:AG,{4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22,23,24,25,26,27,28,29,30,31,32,33},FALSE),2))),"",IF(VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'Years Of Coverage'!A:P,COLUMN(),FALSE)=0,"",VLOOKUP(Required_Live!A4148,'Years Of Coverage'!A:P,COLUMN(),FALSE))),"")}

I strongly recommend against using the formula method to parse your strings.

There is an in-built excel function which does everything you described.

Under Data>Data Tools> Text to Columns

This is much much faster and doesn't eat up your computer resources.

This requires a delimiter. You could actually do the same thing by importing data from outside sources - a text file for example, and you could import a large volume of data and parse it that way.

The point here, however, is if you have an unusual input stream. My example didn't show this clearly, but let's say you have data with one section delimited by "-" and the next by "+" in an alternating manner. This would break both the text-to-columns tool and the import/delimited file. However, you could still edit my crazy script to use alternating delimiters in parsing the data. :-)

haha I see your point,

But you know, I still think using nested formulas should be a last resort. Say your example of the unsual input stream. I could just do a find-replace to change all "+" signs to "-", then use text-to-column.

That's very true - in most cases you probably could!

Dude,

Regular Expressions. That's a crap-ton of work for parsing a bunch of text.

Sure is - but it was fun to come up with the expression. :-)