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There are many good reasons to upgrade your router (or buy one if you don’t have one Why You Should Use a Router Even With Only One PC Why You Should Use a Router Even With Only One PC Every household with internet access should be using a router, even if there's only one PC connected to the network. Here are a few compelling reasons why. Read More ). You can get faster speeds, improved range, and new features. It’ll also ensure maximum compatibility with your latest gadgets.

But to get the best out of it you also need to set it up properly. It’s not difficult — adjust the hardware, tweak a few settings — but the results are well worth it. Here’s what you need to do every time you get a brand new router.

1. Find the Right Position

The first — and most important — thing to do when setting up a new router is to find the best position for it. You can subscribe to the fastest internet provider and use the most up-to-date and powerful hardware, but it’ll all be in vain if you put your router in the wrong place Wireless Feng Shui: How to Optimize Your House For Best Wi-Fi Reception Wireless Feng Shui: How to Optimize Your House For Best Wi-Fi Reception Setting up a Wi-Fi network should be an easy prospect, shouldn't it? I mean, a house is a closed-in box, and you'd think when you place a device that transmits wireless signals in all directions... Read More .

Wireless routers use radio waves, which can be weakened (or even blocked) by obstacles like brick walls, and they also get weaker the further they travel. The weaker the signal, the slower your connection.

There are several golden rules for router placement:

  • Place it near the center of your home.
  • Don’t place it on the floor — a desk, table, or shelf is ideal.
  • Don’t place it right next to a wall, which will absorb the signal.
  • Don’t place it near other devices that emit wireless frequencies, like microwaves or cordless phones.

2. Adjust the Antennas

If your router has external antennas, then you should make sure they’re pointing in the right direction to optimize range and performance. Most of us naturally position the antennas facing upwards, but a former Apple Wi-Fi engineer, Alf Watt, recommends positioning them perpendicular to each other (i.e. one facing up and another facing out).

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This is apparently because radio reception is better when both the sending and receiving antennas are positioned along the same plane — and some devices may have antennas positioned horizontally. Watt also says that if your router has internal antennas, then you should sit it in whatever position it was designed. Don’t sit a vertical router on its side just because it fits on your shelf better.

3. Change the SSID and Password

To access your router’s admin settings, type the address for the router into a web browser. This is normally an IP address like 192.168.0.1 (or a more traditional URL like routerlogin.com in the case of Netgear). Not sure what it is for your router? You’ll find it in the manual.

Enter the admin username and password when prompted, which you’ll find in the manual too. If you don’t have the manual anymore, you may be able to find it online.

Netgear Router Password List Search

The thing is, each model of router uses the same default login details. If you know which brand of router your neighbor is using (and there’s a good chance you will because the SSID — the name of the router network — usually gives it away), then there’s nothing to stop you from looking up the password on the internet and logging in.

Router Settings Change Password

So you should always change the router password. You should change the username too if your router allows it, and the SSID as well. The SSID is usually found in the Wireless section of the admin page and the password is changed in the Maintenance or Administration section.

Note that changing the router’s admin password won’t affect the password you use to connect to the internet. It’s simply the password used to access the router settings page.

4. Update the Firmware

With any new piece of hardware it’s always a good idea to check whether there’s a firmware update available, and a router is no different. You probably won’t get any exciting new features with a router firmware update, but you may get performance and connectivity improvements, and you’ll certainly get security patches.

Vulnerabilities are discovered in routers all the time, so for this reason alone you should always ensure that yours is kept up to date.

Linksys Router Firmware Download Page

It should happen automatically in future, but since it isn’t uncommon for products to ship with older firmware, it’s a good idea to force a manual update straight away when you get a brand new router. The option is normally found in the Maintenance, Administration, or other similarly labelled section of the router settings and may involve downloading a file to your PC. Simply follow the instructions for your particular router model.

5. Set a Wi-Fi Password

Most routers come with basic security settings already in place. It will have a Wi-Fi password, which you need to enter on every device you want to connect to the internet, and you can find it either in the documentation or on a label stuck to the underside of the router itself.

Router Admin Wireless Password Security Types WEP WPA WPA2

Unlike the router password, the Wi-Fi password is unique to each router so there’s no urgent need to change it. However, it is essential that you double check the other security settings.

Password protecting your Wi-Fi is important for two reasons. First, it prevents unauthorized users from leeching off your internet so there’s no chance of your neighbor downloading Game of Thrones torrents using your bandwidth.

Second, it encrypts the connection between your computer and the router, eliminating the risk of the data you send or receive being intercepted by other devices. This is the same principle that explains why you should never log into your bank account or any other sensitive site when you’re using an unsecured public Wi-Fi hotspot 3 Dangers Of Logging On To Public Wi-Fi 3 Dangers Of Logging On To Public Wi-Fi You've heard that you shouldn't open PayPal, your bank account and possibly even your email while using public WiFi. But what are the actual risks? Read More .

Routers offer a number of different Wi-Fi encryption methods WPA2, WEP, And Friends: What's The Best Way To Encrypt Your Wi-Fi? WPA2, WEP, And Friends: What's The Best Way To Encrypt Your Wi-Fi? When setting up wireless encryption on your router, you'll come across a variety of confusing terms -- WPA2, WPA, WEP, WPA-Personal, and WPA-Enterprise. Read More , some more useful than others. Put simply, you should be looking for WPA2 security as the other types are too easy to hack.

6. Disable Remote Access

Remote Access is a feature that network administrators (or anyone else) can use to log into the router remotely via the internet. It has little practical use for a typical home user and should be disabled by default because it poses a potential security risk.

Wireless Router Remote Access Settings

If you decide that you do need to remotely access your router, then you must ensure that you change your router’s admin password (see #3 in this article) to something very secure.

7. Pick the Right Channel and Network Mode

There are two settings you can quickly explore to ensure you get the best speeds from your router from the get-go. These are the channel and the network mode.

Wireless Router Settings Network SSID Channel Mode

Routers broadcast on different channels that cover the entire frequency range for the Wi-Fi protocol standard. If lots of routers in close proximity are using the same channel, then they will all suffer interference and experience decreased performance.

The default for many 2.4 GHz routers is channel six. Steer clear of this as there’s a good chance your neighbors will also be using it. Many modern routers can automatically pick the best channel based on least usage, or you can find the best channel yourself When Defaults Are Bad: How To Pick a Unique Wireless Channel For Your Router When Defaults Are Bad: How To Pick a Unique Wireless Channel For Your Router Wired ethernet will always be better than wireless connections, but sometimes you don’t have a choice - all manner of mobile devices need wifi. There is however one very basic step you can take which... Read More .

The network mode refers to the protocol the router uses to communicate with your devices. Routers support many protocols WPA2, WEP, And Friends: What's The Best Way To Encrypt Your Wi-Fi? WPA2, WEP, And Friends: What's The Best Way To Encrypt Your Wi-Fi? When setting up wireless encryption on your router, you'll come across a variety of confusing terms -- WPA2, WPA, WEP, WPA-Personal, and WPA-Enterprise. Read More with 802.11ac being the current fastest, followed by 802.11n being the next best. 802.11g and 802.11b are much slower and should be avoided.

Make sure you’re using the fastest protocol your router supports. They’re mostly backwards compatible and so will work with your older devices, although they won’t benefit from the faster speeds.

With the newer Wi-Fi protocols, you might also have the option of using the 5 GHz band. This is much less prone to interference than the older 2.4 GHz band, although also has a shorter range and is incompatible with devices that were designed prior to 2014.

8. Enable Parental Controls

If you’ve got children and you want to restrict access to what they can do, or how much time they spend online, then your router can help.

A lot of modern routers ship with a Parental Control options built right in. They can prevent access to specific sites, filter particular content 4 Big Reasons to Start Using a Content Filter at Home 4 Big Reasons to Start Using a Content Filter at Home Don't you hate it when your web browsing is curtailed by an "Access Denied" page? If you aren't using a content filter at home, here's why you should reconsider. Read More , limit the hours where the internet is available, and much more. They can also be tailored to specific users, so the controls won’t infringe on your own internet use.

Enable or disable this based on your needs. It’s often accessed through the desktop software supplied with your router rather than requiring you to dig into an admin page. Just don’t rely on it as the only way to police internet usage in your home — kids are always likely to find ways to bypass software controls 7 Ways Your Children Might Bypass Parental Control Software 7 Ways Your Children Might Bypass Parental Control Software Just because you've installed a safety net in parental control software doesn't mean your children won't find a way to navigate through it. Here's how they'll do it! Read More .

9. Enable or Disable Guest Browsing

It’s safe to say that anyone who comes to your house will be asking for the Wi-Fi password within about five minutes of stepping through the door. If your router supports Guest Access, it’s a good idea to turn it on — and keep it on — for this every reason.

Wireless Router Guest Access Settings

Guest mode effectively creates a second network with its own SSID and its own password. The options available vary between routers, but on the most basic level, changing the Guest password regularly lets you control who has access to your Wi-Fi without the inconvenience of having to reset the password on all of your own devices.

Some routers give more control, like being able to restrict the internet speed available to guests. They also vary in how much security they offer. Some are essentially unsecured like public hotspots while others let you choose how far you want to lock it down.

10. Enable Quality of Service

Quality of Service is a more advanced tool that prioritizes which applications are most important when sharing bandwidth. For example, imagine you’re watching Netflix in 4K and also have a large file being backed up to the cloud. You want the Netflix video to be stutter-free and you don’t mind if the backup speed suffers, so QoS can be used to prioritize bandwidth to Netflix.

QoS isn’t available on every router, but it can bring great performance benefits to things like multiplayer games and video calls How to Fix Gaming & Video Lag With an Easy Router Tweak How to Fix Gaming & Video Lag With an Easy Router Tweak Tired of network lag when other people are watching videos and downloading torrents? Here's how to reclaim your network performance without any third-party tools. Read More .

Take the Time to Get Set Up Properly

By taking a few minutes to set up your router properly, by finding the best position and then checking that the settings are just right, you can be confident it will give you the best performance and the highest level of security.

Let us know in the comments if you’ve worked through our checklist, or if you have any other tips for setting up a new router.

  1. Bruce Epper
    September 13, 2016 at 7:24 am

    You can do most of these steps before the device is even connected to the internet and it is highly recommended that the last step you take is plugging in the WAN side of the device.

    I have yet to find a router that won't let you update it by downloading the firmware to your computer and installing from there, so look for the updates on the manufacturer website prior to swapping out the old router. Keep the new one offline until any firmware update and all security-related settings have been properly configured.

    For devices that specify using a domain name to get to the admin pages, it is always a dummy DNS entry pointing to the router's default IP address (normally 192.168.0.1 or 192.168.1.1). Just use the IP address instead. If you are unsure, connect your computer to it and look at the default gateway the router's DHCP assigns to your machine by using ipconfig (ifconfig for *nix machines).

    If you think you require remote administration for your router, you need to limit the IP addresses that can connect to it. DO NOT leave it open for every possible IP address to connect to it. Better yet, leave RA disabled on the router and leave a machine running inside the network with TeamViewer, VNC, or another remote control program running on it. You can use that to access the admin panel of your router if absolutely necessary without leaving large swaths of IPs eligible to connect to the device.

    Re: #5, the default WiFi passwords on some routers are predictable. You should ALWAYS change it. If the default SSID provides any clue as to the manufacturer and/or model of the device (most do), that should be changed immediately. It is a form of information leakage that makes it easy to know where to look for vulnerabilities.

  2. Jouni "rautamiekka" Järvinen
    September 10, 2016 at 8:44 pm

    QoS has -never- worked right for me: bandwidth gets cut down and ping rises.

  3. Enon Zey
    September 10, 2016 at 3:43 pm

    The 802.11n standard was published in 2009 and many devices designed before 2014 are therefore capable of using 5GHz. I know as I have several of them using 5GHz just fine on my home network.

    Be careful though in choosing a 802.11n router as support for 5GHz is optional in the standard. Some DSL providers may have routers that only support 2.4GHz as they're cheaper.

    Metageek (www.metageek.com) has some nice software for analyzing your WiFi network. (I am not associated with metageek other than being a happy customer.)

    • Andy Betts
      September 12, 2016 at 10:18 am

      It's often worth upgrading to a new router to replace the one that your providers supplies, which are very often only a base-level model.

  4. Mendel Gusmão
    September 9, 2016 at 4:59 pm

    11. Disable WPS or at least use (or ask a friend with enough knowledge to use) a tool like reaver or bully to check if the router's WPS implementation is secure.

    • Andy Betts
      September 12, 2016 at 10:16 am

      Good point. WPS is one of those things that shouldn't be enabled by default, but usually is.

      • Ben
        November 22, 2016 at 3:29 pm

        Sadly, the Wi-Fi Alliance requires WPS to be enabled by default in order to call it Wi-Fi (rather than 802.11.) Most consumers don't know what 802.11 is so the manufacturers make stupid security decisions for the purpose of marketing.

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